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world problematique

A concept created by the Club of Rome to describe the complex set of the crucial problems (political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological, and cultural) that ...

world problematique

world problematique   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... problematique A concept created by the Club of Rome to describe the complex set of the crucial problems (political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological, and cultural) that humanity faces, and that need...

world problematique

world problematique  

A concept created by the Club of Rome to describe the complex set of the crucial problems (political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological, and cultural) that humanity faces, ...
Club of Rome

Club of Rome  

A non‐profit, non‐governmental, global think‐tank that brings together scientists, business people, and bureaucrats who share an interest in tackling what the Club calls the world problematique. One ...
Forrester, Jay Wright

Forrester, Jay Wright (1918)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
1,554 words

...to find ways to better understand the changes occurring in the world, now understood as the global problematique . The renowned Limits to Growth study grew out of the club's planned programme to explore the alternatives to the problematique driven by manifestations of stress in the world system such as excessive population, rising pollution and increasing inequality in standards of living. This study was based on Forrester's system dynamics approach. The publication of this work in World Dynamics ( 1971 ) received much attention in the press,...

villa

villa   Reference library

David J. Mattingly

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
587 words

...Villa (1978); K. Branigan and D. Miles , The Economies of Romano-British Villas (1988); D. Neal and others, Excavation of the Iron Age, Roman and Medieval Settlement of Gorhambury, St Albans (1990); J. G. Gorges , Les Villas hispano-romaines: Inventaire et problématique archéologiques (1979); E. M. Wightman , ANRW 2. 1. 584 ff.; J. Rossiter , JRA 1989, 101 ff.; S. Alcock , Graecia Capta (1993), index (for Roman Greece); X. Lafon , Villa maritima (2001); J. Ortalli (ed.), Vivere in villa (2003). David J....

Churchman, C. West

Churchman, C. West (1913)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
969 words

...in the field of management. He is renowned for his contribution to systems thinking, the establishment of OR and his contribution to the debate on the ethics of science. He also made contributions to research methodology, logic, modelling complex problems, and the world problematique of futures studies. He was an all-round thinker and an excellent writer with a knack for bringing his thinking into clear relief with the use of poetry, stories and example problems. His work continuously called for the recognition of the importance of wisdom and hope in...

Francophonie, La

Francophonie, La   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
741 words

...community, the bulk of which consists of Third World countries unable to match the economic and political might of the industrialized world. Significantly, the second francophone summit was held in Quebec in 1987 . Despite their numerical weight, black Africans had to wait until 1989 before hosting the third summit, held in Dakar. [ Alec Hargreaves ] See J.-J. Luthi , A. Viatte , and G. Zananiri , Dictionnaire général de la francophonie (1986); M. Tétu , La Francophonie: histoire, problématique et perspectives ...

Michotte, Albert

Michotte, Albert (1881–1965)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
988 words

... The Perception of Causality (trans. T. R. and E. Miles , 1963). —— (1959). ‘ Réflexions sur le rôle du langage dans l'analyse des organisations perceptives ’. Acta Psychologica , 15. —— (1962). Causalité, permanence et réalité phénoménales . Thinès, G. (1968). La problématique de la psychologie , esp. ch....

Harman, Willis Walter

Harman, Willis Walter (1918–97)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
827 words

...of the approach was to construct sequences of these possible futures, which came to be known as ‘future histories’. The policy implications they explored revealed that only a handful of possible futures were at all desirable. Furthermore, due to the interrelatedness of the problematique , the desirable futures required fundamental changes in the industrial culture. SRI developed a Center for the Study of Social Policy to continue the work, of which Harman became director. He went on to assess the conceptual foundation of thinking and doing that might support...

Psychoanalysis in France

Psychoanalysis in France   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,004 words

...pupils of Lacan like André Green , Serge Leclaire , Jean Laplanche , and J.-B. Pontalis comprised an energetic second generation of French theorists, and Laplanche and Pontalis's Vocabulaire de la psychanalyse ( 1967 ) and the Laplanche essays collected as Problématiques ( 1981–  ) are among the outstanding psychoanalytic works produced anywhere since the death of Freud. On the other hand, Lacan's teaching, especially in the two decades following the publication of his Écrits ( 1966 ), gave psychoanalytic concepts an extraordinary general...

Foreign-Policy Analysis

Foreign-Policy Analysis   Reference library

Valerie M. Hudson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Akan Malici , and Mark Schafer , eds. Rethinking Foreign Policy Analysis: States, Leaders, and the Microfoundations of Behavioral International Relations . New York: Routledge, 2011. Wight, Colin . “ They Shoot Dead Horses, Don’t They? Locating Agency in the Agent-Structure Problematique. ” European Journal of International Relations 5, no. 1 (March 1999): 109–142. Valerie M....

Bradwardine, Thomas

Bradwardine, Thomas (c.1300–1349)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,612 words

...proportionibus velocitatum in motibus , ed. and trans. H. Lamar Crosby, Jr as Thomas of Bradwardine, His Tractatus de Proportionibus. Its Significance of the Development of Mathematical Physics (Madison, 1955; edn pp. 64–175). Insolubilia, ed. Marie-Louise Roure , ‘ La problématique des propositions insolubles au XIIIe siècle et au début du XIVe, suivie de l'édition des traités de W. Shyreswood, W. Burleigh et Th. Bradwardine ’, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age , vol. 37 (1970), pp. 205–326 (edn pp. 285–326). De futuris...

Parent, Jean Jacques Clark

Parent, Jean Jacques Clark (1951– )   Reference library

Rebecca Dirksen

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,670 words

...date unknown), Dorléus (theater, date unknown), N’ap kanzo nan filozofi (Initiation to Philosophy, date unknown), “L’Éloge de l’absurde” (poem, date unknown), Le Comportement de l’haïtien a travers la psychanalyse (social analysis, date unknown), and La Clef des problématique haïtienne (sociopolitical treatise, date unknown). The novel Mi-dieu, mi-bête ( 1995 ), like many of his works of fiction, draws on historical realities of Haiti to explore the complex and seemingly contradictory threshold between Catholicism and Vodouism, French and...

Bourdieu, Pierre

Bourdieu, Pierre   Reference library

Paul Mattick and Loïc Wacquant

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,248 words

...those who perform in it. For instance, a young poet entering into the literary field of 1880s France faces a “set of probable constraints” that limit his options and orient his practices in the form of a hierarchy of literary crafts and schools, topics and styles, accepted problématiques and a pantheon of exemplary personas (Bourdieu, 1992 , pp. 330–331). Second, the artistic field is also a battlefield: a terrain of struggle in which participants seek to preserve or overturn evaluative standards or, to use Bourdieu’s conceptual idiom, to alter the...

Bourdieu, Pierre

Bourdieu, Pierre   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,147 words

...those who perform in it. For instance, a young poet entering into the literary field of 1880s France faces a “set of probable constraints” that limit his options and orient his practices in the form of a hierarchy of literary crafts and schools, topics and styles, accepted problématiques and a pantheon of exemplary personas (Bourdieu, 1992 , pp. 330–331). Second, the artistic field is also a battle-field: a terrain of struggle in which participants seek to preserve or overturn evaluative standards or, to use Bourdieu's conceptual idiom, to alter the...

African-American rhetoric

African-American rhetoric   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
9,882 words

...saw the divided self as alternately a psycho-physiological and a spiritual or mystical phenomenon; for Du Bois the idea was sociological and historical” (p. 105). Reed does suggest that “two-ness” was a prominent idea among Du Bois's European-American contemporaries, a “ problematique ” that surfaced in the discourses of a number of progressive era intellectuals concerned with cultural phenomena such as social fragmentation, overcivilization, and gender identity. While these were issues with which Du Bois was also concerned, his intellectual project was...

Club of Rome

Club of Rome   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...of Rome A non‐profit, non‐governmental, global think‐tank that brings together scientists, business people, and bureaucrats who share an interest in tackling what the Club calls the world problematique . One of its most famous reports is Limits to Growth . http://www.clubofrome.org/ Club of Rome home...

Folly, Anne Laure

Folly, Anne Laure (1954)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,134 words

...world-music recording company OCORA and then at Radio France International) and Juliette Reimann. She has one sister. Folly studied law in Paris at the Université de Paris II–Panthéon-Assas. She began her career as an international legal adviser for UNESCO in 1981 . In the early 1990s, Folly began making films. In- spired by Sarah Maldoror (a French-Guadeloupean filmmaker) and Safi Faye (a Senegalese filmmaker and ethnologist), whom she has called “des militantes dont le travail cinématographique est inspirant car il interroge l’essence des problématiques...

Comparative Civilizations

Comparative Civilizations   Reference library

David O. Wilkinson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,582 words

...focus herein not upon travelers’ descriptions, but upon a more abstract and theoretical civilizational literature which has engendered the civilizational problematique already noted. While they did not use civilizational terminology, Ibn Khaldun ( 1332–1406 ), Giambattista Vico ( 1668–1744 ), and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( 1770–1831 ) definitely contributed to the civilizational problematique and to two opposing theoretical schools of civilizational study, the cyclical and the progressive. Ibn Khaldun ’s Muqaddimah ( 1958 [ 1377 ]) may be...

Civil–Military Relations

Civil–Military Relations   Reference library

Mackubin Thomas Owens

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,802 words

...basis of civil–military relations is a dilemma: what Peter Feaver has called the civil–military problematique , which requires a given polity to balance two concerns. On the one hand, it must create a military establishment strong enough to protect the state. On the other, it must somehow ensure that this same military establishment does not turn on the state that established it ( Feaver 1996 ). The response of a polity to the civil–military problematique can be seen as a bargain negotiated among three parties: the citizens, the civilian governmental...

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