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villein

Subject: History

In medieval England, a feudal tenant entirely subject to a lord or manor to whom he paid dues and services in return for land. The word is recorded from Middle English, and is a variant of ...

villein

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The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
53 words

... An unfree tenant of manorial land under the feudal system. A villein held his land by agricultural services, by working on the demesne , and by boon work . The term was introduced by the Normans and gradually fell into disuse after the consequences of the Black Death had altered the supply of...

villein

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
114 words

... (from Latin villanus , ‘villager’) A medieval peasant entirely subject to a lord or attached to a manor, similar to a serf . Both groups were part of the manorial system which dominated Europe between the 4th and 13th centuries. Villeins provided labour services to the lord (in return for tilling their own strips of land). By the 13th century villeins in England had become unfree tenants. In Europe they had fewer duties and remained essentially free peasants, creating a significant difference in rank to the serfs. By the 15th century, even in...

villein

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J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
214 words

...of the north, and parts of the west. Villeins on crown estates were likely to have more privileges. As royal justice developed, the status of villeins sank, since they had no access to royal courts and could not serve as jurors. There were several ways in which they could escape from villeinage—by purchasing freedom from the lord ( commutation ); by escaping to a town for one year and one day; by taking holy orders (with the lord’s permission). By the end of the 14th cent. villeinage was clearly disintegrating, villeins changing their status to that of...

villein

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
157 words

... was the term used to describe a peasant in a state of serfdom —i.e. subject to a lord and under obligation to perform labour services. The term ‘villanus’ was used in Domesday Book without any derogatory flavour to indicate persons who lived in ‘vills’—and therefore formed the largest social class. Though not free men, they were above the bordars and cottars who held less land, and well above the slaves, who had been numerous in Saxon England. But the term is not precise and status and duties varied from manor to manor, region to region, and over time....

Villein

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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
196 words

...and had a greater chance of being enfranchised than other villeins. The villeins of the Commune paid an annual tax, villanzio , and were forbidden to leave the land they held; they could not be transformed into the villeins of individuals, and the state could reclaim all the fugitive villani Comunis . The institution of the villeins of the Commune offers insight into Byz. agrarian history before 1204 . D. Jacoby , HC 6:207–14. F. Thiriet , La condition paysanne et les problèmes de l'exploitation rurale en Romanie greco-vénitienne , StVen 9 (1967)...

villein

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
12 words

... (hist.) see VILLAIN . So villeinage XIV. — AN., OF. vilenage , medL. villenagium...

villein

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... in medieval England, a feudal tenant entirely subject to a lord or manor to whom he paid dues and services in return for land. The word is recorded from Middle English, and is a variant of villain...

villein

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
142 words

... • Alun , Malin, Tallinn • Jacklin • franklin • chaplain , Chaplin • ratline • Carlin , call-in, marlin, marline, Stalin • Helen , Llewelyn • Mechlin • Emlyn , gremlin, Kremlin • Galen • capelin • kylin • Evelyn • Enniskillen , penicillin, villein • Hamelin • Marilyn • discipline • Colin , Dolin • goblin , hobgoblin • Loughlin • Joplin , poplin • compline • tarpaulin • Magdalen , maudlin • bowline , pangolin • Ventolin • moulin • Lublin • Brooklyn • masculine • insulin • globulin • mullein • Dublin • dunlin • muslin • ...

villein

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
villein

villein noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
54 words
villein

villein noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
54 words
villein

villein noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
villein

villein noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
villein

villein  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
In medieval England, a feudal tenant entirely subject to a lord or manor to whom he paid dues and services in return for land. The word is recorded from Middle English, and is a variant of villain.
villeins

villeins   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
53 words

... . An unfree tenant of manorial land under the feudal system . A villein held his land by agricultural services, by working on the demesne , and by boon work . The term was introduced by the Normans and gradually fell into disuse after the consequences of the Black Death had altered the supply of...

merchet

merchet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A payment from a villein to his lord of the manor upon the marriage of the villein's son or daughter. By some manorial customs the payment was made only if the marriage was to someone outside the ...
leyerwite

leyerwite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A fine payable by a medieval villein to the lord of the manor upon the villein's unmarried daughter becoming pregnant.
chevage

chevage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A payment made to a lord by a villein who wished to move from one manor to another.
Demosiarios

Demosiarios  

(δημοσιάριος, from demosion, “state treasury”), a fiscal category of peasants whose nature is unclear. Demosiarioi appear in only a handful of documents from the mid-10th through the mid-11th C.; in ...
manorial courts

manorial courts  

After the Norman Conquest the system of feudal landholding required the lord of the manor to provide a court for his tenants. Such ‘seigneurial’ courts were the court of the honour and the court ...

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