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psychologism

Subject: Philosophy

In the philosophy of logic, psychologism is the view that logic is based upon the laws of thought, where these are descriptions of the actual processes whereby human beings think. Logic ...

psychologism

psychologism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
18 words

... ( psychological reductionism ) Typically a pejorative term for the reduction of phenomena to purely psychological explanations. Compare sociologism ....

psychologism

psychologism n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . An exaggeration of the importance or significance of psychology; a belief that psychology is the basis of philosophy or of all natural and social sciences; any unjustified or fanciful psychological explanation for a non-psychological phenomenon, such as drapetomania or dysaesthesia ...

psychologism

psychologism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
187 words

... In the philosophy of logic, psychologism is the view that logic is based upon the laws of thought, where these are descriptions of the actual processes whereby human beings think. Logic becomes not so much a normative discipline, giving laws of truth to which thought ought to conform, but a construction based on patterns to which our thoughts do conform. The term was first used by J. E. Erdmann in 1878 , but did not come into general use until the end of the 19th century. Its exact definition is complicated by the various views of psychology...

psychologism

psychologism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
103 words

... . Acceptance of some or all of the following commitments jointly define a psychologistic outlook: a belief that logical laws are ‘laws of thought’, i.e. psychological laws; a conflation of truth with verification; a belief that the private data of consciousness provide the correct starting-point for epistemology; and belief that the meanings of words are ideas. Gottlob Frege rejected all these theses, and therefore much of prevailing nineteenth-century germanophone philosophy. His criticisms converted Edmund Husserl to anti-psychologism. They...

psychologism

psychologism   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,022 words

... ‘Psychologism’ is primarily used as a diagnostic label for a mistake: to call a philosophical view ‘psychologistic’ is to claim that it applies psychological categories and methods in a domain where such categories and methods are not appropriate. The accusation can be found in all sub-fields of philosophy, from aesthetics to ethics , logic to semantics, and epistemology to metaphysics . In this respect, ‘psychologism’ is similar to terms like ‘biologism’, and ‘sociologism’. ‘Psychologism’ entered the English language as a translation of the...

psychologism

psychologism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
psychologism

psychologism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
38 words
psychologism

psychologism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
psychologism

psychologism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In the philosophy of logic, psychologism is the view that logic is based upon the laws of thought, where these are descriptions of the actual processes whereby human beings think. Logic becomes not ...
sociologism

sociologism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Typically a pejorative term for the reduction of phenomena to purely sociological explanations. See also reductionism; social determinism; compare psychologism.
dysaesthesia aethiopis

dysaesthesia aethiopis  

A mental disorder supposedly peculiar to black slaves and endemic among them in North America in the mid nineteenth century, manifested by laziness and insensibility to pain when whipped. The article ...
drapetomania

drapetomania  

A form of mania (2) supposedly affecting slaves in the 19th century, manifested by an uncontrollable impulse to wander or run away from their white masters, preventable by regular whipping. The ...
Jørgen Jørgensen

Jørgen Jørgensen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1894–1969).Danish philosopher, originally a neo-Kantian, later influenced by Russell and Carnap, and a leading member of the group of philosophers called Logical Positivists. He wrote an ...
abstracted empiricism

abstracted empiricism  

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Overview Page
A term coined by C. Wright Mills in The Sociological Imagination (1959) to refer to the work of those sociologists who equate empiricism with science and make a fetish of quantitative research ...
philosophical logic

philosophical logic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Despite its name, philosophical logic is neither a kind of logic nor simply to be identified with the philosophy of logic(s)—the latter being the philosophical examination of systems of logic ...
context

context  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Most broadly, any frame of reference or framework within which something is perceived, produced, consumed, communicated, interpreted, or otherwise experienced, or which is seen as relevant to the ...
meaning

meaning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Whatever it is that makes what would otherwise be mere sounds and inscriptions into instruments of communication and understanding. The philosophical problem is to demystify this power, and to relate ...
naturalism

naturalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Most generally, a sympathy with the view that ultimately nothing resists explanation by the methods characteristic of the natural sciences. A naturalist will be opposed, for example, to mind-body ...
philosophy of mathematics

philosophy of mathematics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophy of mathematics attempts to explain both the nature of mathematical facts and entities, and the way in which we have our knowledge of both. Modern philosophy of mathematics began with ...
reductionism

reductionism  

[Th]The general principle that complicated phenomena can be explained by conceptually reducing them to a set of simple variables. This is often linked to essentialist or socio‐biological approaches.

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