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Protestant Reformation

Protestant Reformation noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
9 words
Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...problematical character of Warburton's analysis—which he had insisted was rooted in the order of nature—is underscored by the ways in which establishment elsewhere in Britain and Ireland was realized. The Presbyterian Church of Scotland, descending from the sixteenth-century Reformation, was governed (again under the King, who adhered to different religions north and south of the border) through a hierarchy of mixed lay and clerical bodies culminating in the General Assembly, an arrangement confirmed following the *Glorious Revolution of 1688–9 ; Scottish...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,613 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for their mediation in ensuring future salvation for the individuals concerned or their forebears, were staple parts of worship down to the Reformation (see Oliver Padel , ‘Local Saints and Place‐Names in Cornwall’, in Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe (eds), Local Saints in the Early Medieval West (2002) ; Graham Jones , Saints in the Landscape (2007) ; Robert Whiting , Local Responses to the English Reformation (1998) ). The parish churches themselves (or, in later times, church houses adjacent) were venues for church ales to raise money for the...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...them to exploit the opportunities presented by the market. How deeply the 16th‐century Reformation influenced the family is a much‐debated question. The reduction of the prohibited degrees of marriage was probably not a momentous development for most people. In England, expectations of major divorce law reform were disappointed; see E. J. Carlson , Marriage and the English Reformation (1994). In their teaching on the family, based firmly on the Bible, the Protestant reformers emphatically upheld the authority of husbands, fathers, and parents. It was...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,034 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...arrowheads or flakes were still being described in this way earlier in the 20th century. More broadly, it was the Church itself that, from the beginning, deliberately turned a blind eye to the overlap of the least objectionable pagan practices with Christian ideas. The pre‐ Reformation Church thus simply perpetuated an existing blend of magical and religious beliefs (see Keith Thomas , Religion and the Decline of Magic (1971) ). Even for the 19th century, James Obelkevich has been able to describe the surviving complementarities of paganism and...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...deliberately sought by reformers, but from the winter of 1792–3 the common people also became the target for loyalist tracts, ballads, and broadsides. The task of addressing the people was subsequently taken up in 1794–5 by Hannah More and others concerned with the moral reformation of *popular culture [23] by means of the mass production and distribution of the *Cheap Repository Tracts . By the height of the *invasion scare in 1803 the mass dissemination of loyalist ballads and broadsides had become an unquestioned part of government strategy. One...

History

History   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,067 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...touchstone for Victorian medievalism, as James *Mill 's History of British India ( 1817 ) was to be for later writings on the colonization of South Asia. Histories were also produced by writers better known for work in other fields: William *Cobbett 's History of the Protestant Reformation in England and Ireland ( 1824–7 ), for example, or Robert *Southey 's historiographical rebuttals to Cobbett's radical account. Yet it remains one of the less appreciated paradoxes of this period that the writings to which we must look for the most convincing evidence...

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,936 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...decades; but the Geneva book trade would no doubt have remained in the shadow of that of Lyons if it had not been for the Reformation. Called to Geneva by Guillaume Farel , Jean Girard (from 1536 ; d. 1558 ) became the chief printer of the works of Calvin. As the Protestant Rome, Geneva saw the publication of many important works of reformed religion, particularly bibles and *psalters , although the first French Protestant translation of the Bible ( 1535 ), by Pierre-Robert Olivétan, was printed in Serrières (now part of Neuchâtel), by Pierre de...

31 The History of the Book in Hungary

31 The History of the Book in Hungary   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,942 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...during the Reformation and Counter-Reformation produced material aimed at serving and supporting Hungarian Protestantism. The most significant of these, Gál Huszár, established his printing office first in Magyaróvár (Mosonmagyaróvár), then in Kassa (Košice). He later settled in Debrecen to print and publish the works of the Reformed bishop Péter Juhász Melius ( 1532–72 ). In 1555 , Raphael Hoffhalter settled in Vienna, where his printing office produced 123 Latin and Hungarian publications during the following seven years. His Protestantism made him flee,...

30 The History of the Book in Austria

30 The History of the Book in Austria   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,528 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...was social unrest among the peasants, and religious life was shaken by the Reformation. The fear of Lutheranism led to *censorship being imposed as early as 1528 . Unlike in Germany, Protestant printing was never more than peripheral in Austria. The Counter-Reformation brought educational reform and renewal of intellectual life through the Jesuits, who also established printing presses (for example, in 1559 at Vienna), but it also meant the confiscation and burning of Protestant books (for example, 10,000 books at Graz in August 1600 ). Even in 1712 ,...

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