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paradox of voting

The observation that the level of voter turnout is inconsistent with rational decision-making on whether or not to vote. The act of voting involves a benefit and a cost to the voter. A ...

paradox of voting

paradox of voting n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... of voting n . Another name for Condorcet's paradox...

paradox of voting

paradox of voting   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
117 words

... of voting A circular voting outcome that precludes a majority winner. In the simplest example with three candidates, A is preferred to B, B is preferred to C, and C is preferred to A. Each candidate thus has a claim to be a majority winner, but no candidate can defeat all the others. The paradox of voting occurs when preferences are not single peaked , that is, when there is no way to rank A, B, and C along a single dimension for each voter. Where preferences are single peaked, a single choice that can defeat all others is guaranteed. The paradox of...

paradox of voting

paradox of voting   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
141 words

...paradox of voting The observation that the level of voter turnout is inconsistent with rational decision-making on whether or not to vote. The act of voting involves a benefit and a cost to the voter. A benefit is derived if the voter changes the outcome of the election to the one that is desired (in such a case, the voter is said to be pivotal). When there are many voters, the probability of this happening is very low so the expected benefit is small. The costs of voting include the use of time and direct travel costs. Calculations show that the cost is...

paradox of voting

paradox of voting   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
216 words

...idea of treating political actors like economic ones, and analysing their actions with economists' tools. Thus the rational voter would vote for his or her favourite party if and only if the value to that voter of a government led by the party he or she favoured, multiplied by the probability that his or hers was the vote that brought this about, exceeded the cost of voting. However, the probability of being decisive in this sense is infinitesimally small in a normal election: so why does anybody vote? This has alternatively been labelled the ‘paradox of...

paradox of voting

paradox of voting  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The observation that the level of voter turnout is inconsistent with rational decision-making on whether or not to vote. The act of voting involves a benefit and a cost to the voter. A benefit is ...
Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,259 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in Rules of the Game: Sir Oswald and Lady Cynthia Mosley, 1896–1933 ( 1982 ; new edn with Beyond the Pale , 1998 ) how an essay in family history can make a valuable contribution to labour history. Mosley's experience (his full biography is Robert Skidelsky , Oswald Mosley ( 1975 , 1990 ) was central to that of Labour government. A party of the working class gains its support, as Labour did throughout the 1920s, by raising aspirations and hope that something can be done about the major problems of people's lives. It is the cruel paradox of achieving...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,095 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the First Reform Act of 1832 made sweeping changes to those boroughs represented in Parliament, coupled with a widening of the qualifications for voting. The dangers of resisting reform had been made clear in 1831 , when the Lords’ rejection of the Second Reform Bill had led to riots in several towns, including the burning of Nottingham Castle and the wrecking of Bristol's Mansion House. The reformed Parliament then went on to pass the Municipal Reform Act of 1835 , dissolving the corporations of nearly 200 English boroughs and replacing them by councils...

cyclic majority

cyclic majority  

An intransitive preference order arising from majority voting in a group of individuals with transitive individual preferences. See Condorcet's paradox.
social-choice theory

social-choice theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The theory of ways to conjure a social welfare function, or rational choice for a collective as a whole out of the preferences or ‘utilities’ of its individual members. The theory is bedevilled by ...
majority voting

majority voting  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A voting method which selects as the winner the option with the majority of votes. When a choice is made from just two options May's theorem states that majority voting is the only decision rule to ...

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