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palatines

Protestant refugees from the Rhineland palatinate in Germany who arrived in England in 1709. Eight hundred and twenty‐one families, containing more than 3,000 persons, were sent on to ...

palatine

palatine   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
69 words

... The word means ‘pertaining to a palace’. Palatinates were huge lordships established for the defence of border regions. The Norman kings granted special powers to the earls of Chester, Shrewsbury, and Hereford in the Welsh Borders, and to the Prince Bishop of Durham in the Scottish Borders. Durham, Cheshire, and Lancashire became known as the counties palatine. Their records are held in various collections in The National Archives...

Palatine

Palatine   Reference library

Ian Archibald Richmond, Donald Emrys Strong, and John Robert Patterson

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
378 words

... , the chief of the Seven hills of Rome , traditionally (Tac. Ann. 12. 24; Dion. Hal. 1. 87; Livy 1. 7, etc.) the site of the oldest settlement there; in legend, the home of Evander and Romulus . Tradition assigns fortifications to the hill, and this seems to be confirmed by recent archaeological work. Early settlement is represented by archaic cisterns and the remains of Iron Age huts on both the N slope and SW corner of the hill; one example, identified as the ‘hut of Romulus’ was preserved in historic times. Temples on the hill included those...

palatine

palatine adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
9 words

... adj. Relating to the palate or palatal...

palatine

palatine   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
17 words

... means ‘petaining to a palace’. Palatinates were huge lordships established for the defence of border...

palatine

palatine   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
117 words

... (Hungary, Poland-Lithuania) Also styled comes palatinus ; in Hungarian, nádor ( ispán ). Chief officeholder in the kingdom of *Hungary , originally the head of the *royal household , then itinerant judge of all *nobles and deputy of the king in war and peace. His duties were formally regulated in 1486 . The palatine s came from the most powerful magnate families. In *Poland regional officers were also called palatine s (Polish, wojwoda ); they represented the king in provinces of the realm, gradually losing place to the capitaneus (...

Palatine

Palatine   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
284 words

... , the chief of the seven hills of Rome , traditionally the site of the oldest settlement there. Tradition assigns fortifications to the hill, and this seems to be confirmed by archaeology. Early settlement is represented by two archaic cisterns and rock‐cut post‐holes for iron age huts; one example, above the Lupercal ( see lupercalia ) and forum Boarium , is identified as the ‘hut of Romulus ’ which was preserved in historic times. Temples on the hill included those dedicated to Victoria ( 294 bc ), Victoria Virgo ( 193 ), and the Magna Mater (...

palatine courts

palatine courts   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
43 words

... courts Originally, courts of the counties palatine of Durham, Lancaster, and Chester. In modern times, only the Chancery courts of Durham and Lancaster survived, but their jurisdiction was transferred to the High Court by the Courts Act 1971 . See also vice chancellor...

palatine courts

palatine courts   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
43 words

...palatine courts Originally, courts of the counties palatine of Durham, Lancaster, and Chester. In modern times, only the Chancery courts of Durham and Lancaster survived, but their jurisdiction was transferred to the High Court by the Courts Act 1971. See also Vice Chancellor...

Académie Palatine

Académie Palatine   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
23 words

...Palatine . Centre of learning and literary activity at the court of Charlemagne . The English scholar Alcuin was one of its chief...

Palatine Guard

Palatine Guard   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23 words

... Guard . A corps of militia in the Papal service. Formed in 1850 out of two existing bodies, it was disbanded in 1970...

palatine bone

palatine bone   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
28 words

... bone either of a pair of approximately L-shaped bones of the face that contribute to the hard palate , the nasal cavity, and the orbits. See skull...

palatine bone

palatine bone n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
29 words

...palatine bone [ pal -ă-tyn] n. either of a pair of approximately L-shaped bones of the face that contribute to the hard palate, the nasal cavity, and the orbits....

palatine jurisdiction

palatine jurisdiction   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
100 words

... jurisdiction , a 17th‐century term applied to major medieval seigniorial jurisdictions that included all or most of the pleas and prerogatives elsewhere reserved to the crown ( see Liberties ). Although palatinates were ultimately subject to royal authority, in practice royal officials were excluded from them. However, four royal pleas and some prerogatives were reserved to the crown. The palatine lord issued writs in his own name, and appointed justices to determine pleas in his court. The last major palatinate, in Tipperary, was abolished in 1716 ,...

Palatine Guard

Palatine Guard   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
104 words

...Palatine Guard . A corps of militia in the Papal service. It was created in 1850 by Pius IX as the ‘Guardia Palatina d'Onore’ out of two existing bodies, the civici scelti and the capotori ; but after 1870 their numbers were greatly reduced. They were disbanded in 1970 . A company used always to be stationed in the Cortile del Maresciallo during a Papal conclave . Their dress was a uniform of dark blue and a peaked cap with a plume of feathers. See also Noble Guard , Swiss Guard . G. Felici in EC 6 (1951), cols. 1204–6, s.v. ‘Guardia palatina...

palatine bone

palatine bone   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
36 words

... bone The bone forming the posterior part of the hard palate ( horizontal plate ) and the lateral wall of the nose and the floor of the orbit ( vertical plate ). It has pyramidal, orbital, and sphenoidal...

Pa'latine

Pa'latine   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
107 words

... ( Palātīnus mons ) Chief of the seven hills of Rome and traditionally the site of the first Roman settlement there. Traces of Iron-age occupation have been found. It was here that Aeneas was shown by Evander ( Aeneid , book 8) the cave of Lupercal ( see Lupercalia ). From 330 bc at the latest many famous Romans chose to build their houses on the hill, including in their day Hortensius , Cicero, Crassus, Milo, and Mark Antony. The house of Hortensius was acquired by the emperor Augustus and became the nucleus of a group of buildings known as ...

Parma, Palatine Library

Parma, Palatine Library   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
105 words

...Palatine Library Despite the library’s name, acquired in the late 19 th century, it was never a court library, but sprang out of the cultural programme of Filippo di Borbone, who established it in 1761 . After the turbulence of the revolutionary and Napoleonic eras, Duchess Marie Louise of Austria relaunched the library in 1818 , adding in 1834 the actual reading room. In 1860 , Parma was annexed into the Italian state; in 1944 , much of the building was destroyed by an Allied bomb. The rebuilt structure includes the Bodoni Museum, containing an...

Palatine, Charlotte‐Élisabeth de Bavière, princesse

Palatine, Charlotte‐Élisabeth de Bavière, princesse (1652–1722)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
40 words

..., Charlotte‐Élisabeth de Bavière, princesse ( 1652–1722 ). Second wife of Louis XIV's brother, the duc d'Orléans, and mother of the Regent. Her letters (mostly translated from German) give an outspoken and entertaining outsider's view of the court and its...

Palatine

Palatine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British Place Names

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... ( Baile na bPailitíneach ) Carlow . ‘Town of the Palatines...

palatine

palatine   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
67 words

... (of a count or county) possessing royal privileges XV; sb. lord having sovereign power over a province or dependency of an empire or realm XVI. — F. palatin(e) — L. palātīnus belonging to the palātium PALACE , sb. officer of the Roman imperial palace, chamberlain; hence applied in the Middle Ages to great feudatories exercising royal privileges. Hence palatinate ( -ATE 1 ) territory of a count palatine, county palatine....

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