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Nice

Ancient Mediterranean trading post; an episcopal see since the 4th century. Nice belonged to the county of Provence from the 10th century until 1388, when it was surrendered to the count ...

Roslavets, Nikolay Andreyevich

Roslavets, Nikolay Andreyevich (24 or 25 Dec. 1880/5 or 6 Jan. 1881)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
143 words

...find that he contributed articles on Webern's op. 7 and on Pierrot lunaire to the contemporary music journal K novïm beregam (‘Towards New Shores’) in 1923 . His experimental contribution to his native music is now being reassessed in the new Russia. Geoffrey Norris / David ...

Tcherepnin, Alexander (Nikolayevich)

Tcherepnin, Alexander (Nikolayevich) (9/21 Jan. 1899)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
170 words

...concertos, sonatas, and dramatic works. His completion of Musorgsky's unfinished comic opera Marriage had its premiere in Essen in 1937 . In 1949 he became instructor in theory at DePaul University, Chicago, and in 1958 he took American citizenship. Percy Scholes / David Nice E. A. Arias , Alexander Tcherepnin: A Bio-Bibliography (New York,...

Tcherepnin, Nikolay (Nikolayevich)

Tcherepnin, Nikolay (Nikolayevich) (3/15 May 1873)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
151 words

...the Tbilisi Conservatory, and from 1921 he lived in Paris. He composed ballets, operas, symphonies, symphonic poems, and sacred music, and prepared a completed version of Musorgsky's opera Sorochintsy Fair , which he conducted in Monte Carlo in 1923 . Percy Scholes / David ...

Shebalin, Vissarion Yakovlevich

Shebalin, Vissarion Yakovlevich (29 May)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
143 words

...of the supplementary pas de deux in Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake . He was, however, regarded as one of those Soviet composers whose level of complexity called for an official rebuke, and he was named in Andrey Zhdanov's 1948 decree about *formalism . Percy Scholes / David Nice G. Abraham , Eight Soviet Composers (London,...

Shostakovich, Dmitry (Dmitriyevich)

Shostakovich, Dmitry (Dmitriyevich) (12/25 Sept. 1906)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,184 words

...reminiscences by his friends and colleagues (see below). And, more than any amount of writing, it is the music that should occupy our time, for, as Shostakovich said, ‘by studying my music you will find the whole truth about me as a man and as an artist’. Geoffrey Norris / David Nice S. Volkov (ed.), Testimony: The Memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich (London and New York, 1979) E. Roseberry , Shostakovich: His Life and Times (London and New York, 1981) D. C. Hulme , Dmitri Shostakovich: Catalogue, Bibliography, and Discography (Muir of Ord, 1982, 2/1991) E....

Prokofiev, Sergey Sergeyevich

Prokofiev, Sergey Sergeyevich (11/23 April 1891)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
1,422 words

...instantly appealing charm, and alert humour, expressed with a zestful openness which has rendered much of his music enduringly popular. Geoffrey Norris / David Nice Prokofiev by Prokofiev: A Composer's Memoir (London, 1979) H. Robinson , Sergei Prokofiev: A Biography (London, 1987) O. Prokofiev (trans. and ed.), Sergei Prokofiev: Soviet Diary 1927 and Other Writings (London, 1991) D. Nice , Prokofiev: From Russia to the West, 1891–1935 (New Haven, CT, and London, 2003) S. Morrison , (ed.), Prokofiev and his World (Princeton, NJ, and Oxford,...

Mosolov, Aleksandr Vasil′yevich

Mosolov, Aleksandr Vasil′yevich (29 July)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
188 words

...sheet, and other noises redolent of the workshop floor. It was this which quickly earned Mosolov the tag of *‘formalism’ in the USSR: the piece occasionally surfaces as a noisy emblem of the experimental era in which it was created ( see also Futurism ). Geoffrey Norris / David Nice L. Sitsky , Music of the Repressed Russian Avant-Garde, 1900–1929 (Westport, CT,...

Muradeli, Vano

Muradeli, Vano (24 March)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
157 words

...of Shostakovich , Prokofiev , and Khachaturian . With Oktyabr′ (‘October’; Moscow, 1964 ) Muradeli composed an opera that has remained in the Russian repertory. It was the first Soviet stage work to give the character of Lenin a small singing role. Geoffrey Norris / David ...

Myaskovsky, Nikolay Yakovlevich

Myaskovsky, Nikolay Yakovlevich (8/20 April 1881)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
211 words

... Tchaikovsky , and emotionally he approaches the latter in his pessimistic and even neurasthenic outlook—his style, however, being necessarily more progressive. Although he won three Stalin prizes, he was accused of *formalism during the purges of 1948 . Percy Scholes / David ...

Medtner, Nicolas

Medtner, Nicolas (24 Dec. 1875)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
272 words

...whose patronage he made a number of recordings. A new generation of virtuoso pianists has rediscovered the individuality of his music in which, as the conductor Yevgeny Svetlanov has noted, expressive elaboration always remains part of the essential design. Percy Scholes / David Nice B. Martyn , Nicolas Medtner: His Life and Music (Aldershot,...

Glière, Reinhold Moritsevich

Glière, Reinhold Moritsevich (30 Dec. 1874)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
126 words

...in the USSR for their lyrical warmth, dramatic effectiveness, and rich orchestration, and his late concertos maintained their popularity; however, his pre-Revolutionary works, more immediate offshoots of late Romanticism, are now eclipsing them in interest. Geoffrey Norris / David ...

nice

nice   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... = (1) subtle, precise <a nice question> <a nice distinction> ; or (2) good, attractive, agreeable, pleasant <they’re nice people> <it's a nice vacation package> . Although purists formerly objected to sense 2, it's now universally accepted among reputable critics. Still, the word is so vague in that sense—as a generalized expression of approval—that stylists work to find a more concrete term to express their...

NICE

NICE n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
90 words

...NICE n. ( National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ) a nondepartmental public body that provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care. NICE was originally set up in 1999 as the National Institute for Clinical Excellence , a special health authority, to reduce variation in the availability and quality of NHS treatments and care. In 2005 it began developing public health guidance and in 2013 took on responsibility for developing guidance and quality standards in social care. http://www.nice.org.uk/ Details of...

NICE

NICE   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
148 words

...for Health and Clinical Excellence . In April 2013 NICE was established in primary legislation, placing it on a statutory footing as set out in the Health and Social Care Act 2012 . At this time it took on responsibility for developing guidance and quality standards in social care, and the name changed once more to reflect these new responsibilities. http://www.nice.org.uk/ NICE...

Nice

Nice (Provence–Alpes–Côte–d’Azur/France)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Nice , Provence–Alpes–Côte–d’Azur/France ( Nike, Nikaia ) Founded by a group of Greek sailors from Massilia (now Marseilles) c. 350 bc , who are thought to have dedicated it to Nike, the Greek goddess of victory (in Greek, nikē ‘victory’), after the defeat of local opponents. Between 1388 and 1860 , apart from 1792–1815 it was under the protection of the Counts of Savoy. In 1860 , part of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia since 1815 , Savoy and Nice were ceded to France under the terms of the Treaty of...

Nice

Nice   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
79 words

... City on the Mediterranean coast, se France; capital of Alpes-Maritimes department. Founded by Phocaean Greeks in the 4th century bc it was conquered by Rome in the 1st century ad . In the 10th century it passed to the counts of Provence. In 1388 it became a possession of the House of Savoy. Itbecame permanently part of France in 1860 . It is a major centre of the French Riviera . Industries: tourism, olive oil, perfumes, textiles, electronics. Pop. ( 2000 )...

Nice

Nice   Quick reference

Neil Morris

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
80 words

...Nice A resort city in south-east France, on the Mediterranean coast near the border with Italy; capital of Alpes-Maritimes département. Founded by Phocaean Greeks around 350 bc and conquered by the Romans during the first century ad , it became a busy trading post and in 1388 came under the protection of the counts of Savoy. It was ceded to France in 1860 . Today it is a major centre of tourism on the French Riviera. Population ( 2013 ) 342,300. Neil Morris...

Nice

Nice   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
83 words

... Ancient Mediterranean *trading post; an episcopal see since the 4th century. Nice belonged to the county of *Provence from the 10th century until 1388 , when it was surrendered to the count of *Savoy . Eliana Magnani 1388: La dédition de Nice à la Savoie (1990). Y. Duval , ‘ Nice-Cimiez ’, in Topographie chrétienne des cités de la Gaule (1986), vol. 2, 85–8. A. Venturini , ‘L’évolution urbaine de Nice du XI e siècle à la fin du XIV e siècle’, in Nice historique (1984),...

Nice Treaty

Nice Treaty   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
87 words

...Nice Treaty ( Treaty of Nice ) Signed on 26 February 2001 and entered into force in 2003 . One of the amending treaties of the European Communities and the European Union. Pending the ratification and coming into force of the lisbon treaty the European Union operates under the law as amended by the Treaty of Nice. The Nice Treaty’s objective was to ready the European Union institutionally for the accession of 12 new member states (from 15 to now 27). See also amsterdam treaty ; european communities ; european union . ...

Nice biscuit

Nice biscuit   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... biscuit A thin sweet biscuit containing coconut and sprinkled with sugar. It rhymes with geese (as opposed to mice ), so it was presumably named after the fashionable town on the Côte d’Azur, France, but the reason for the connection is unknown. It is first recorded in 1895...

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