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lexical access

The process by which a person retrieves items from a lexicon (2). [From Greek lexis a word, from legein to speak]

lexical

lexical   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
148 words

... verb , adjective , etc.; contrasted with functional category . •• lexical entry : see lexicon . •• lexical field : see field . •• lexical formative : see formative ( 1 ) . •• lexical item : see lexical item . •• lexical meaning : see meaning . •• lexical modality : see lexical modality . •• lexical morpheme : see root . •• lexical verb : see lexical verb . •• lexical word formation : see word formation ( 2 )...

lexical

lexical   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
79 words

... 1. Assigned to, or involving units assigned to, a lexicon . Thus a lexical entry is an entry in the lexicon; a lexical item or lexical unit may be any word etc. which has such an entry; rules are lexically governed if they apply only to structures including certain lexical units. 2. Specifically of words etc. distinguished as having a lexical as opposed to a grammatical meaning , or as members of a lexical as opposed to a functional category...

lexical

lexical   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
46 words

... A lexicon is a dictionary, and lexical is descriptive either of dictionaries or the terms they are about. A lexical ambiguity is an ambiguity in a term, as opposed to a structural ambiguity that results from there being two different possible structures for a...

lexical modality

lexical modality   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... modality Modal meaning expressed by lexical items other than modal auxiliary verbs (also called lexical modals ), e.g. probably (adverb), likely (adjective), wish (verb). •• lexical modal verb : a lexical verb that expresses modal meaning. See modal lexical verb...

lexical word

lexical word   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... word The same as content word...

lexical word

lexical word n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... word n. Another name for a content word...

lexical density

lexical density   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
17 words

... density The percentage of words in a text assigned to lexical as opposed to grammatical ...

lexical word

lexical word   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
27 words

... word One which has, or is seen as having, a lexical as opposed to a grammatical meaning : e.g. book , as opposed to this , in this book...

Lexical Density

Lexical Density   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Lexical Density . A measure of the density of content words as compared to function words in a text. This is calculated by the number of content words divided by the total number of words then multiplied by 100 to give a percentage of lexical density. In the previous sentence, the lexical density is 50%, since there are 8 content words and 16 words in total. Different registers will often differ in terms of lexical density; generally academic texts have a greater lexical density to informal spoken texts. See type-token ratio . ...

lexical category

lexical category   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
55 words

... category A class of lexical units, especially as distinguished by the syntactic constructions its members enter into. Often, therefore, the equivalent of a traditional part of speech : e.g. nouns in English are a lexical category with the members tree , sky , moonlight , etc. Specifically distinguished, e.g. in theories of Universal Grammar , from a functional category...

lexical ambiguity

lexical ambiguity   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
34 words

... ambiguity Ambiguity explained by reference to lexical meanings: e.g. that of I saw a bat , where a bat might refer to an animal or, among others, a table tennis bat. Compare grammatical ambiguity...

lexical meaning

lexical meaning   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
86 words

... meaning Any aspect of meaning that is explained as part of a lexical entry for an individual unit: e.g. that of ‘to run’ in He ran away as opposed to that of ‘to walk’ in He walked away . Hence specifically in application to a lexical word or lexical morpheme as opposed to one which is assigned grammatical meaning : thus, in the same examples, of the meanings of the verbs and of the adverb away as opposed to those of the past tense or of he...

lexical diffusion

lexical diffusion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... diffusion In geolinguistics, phonological changes proceeding through the lexicon, word by word. See Britain (1997) Paper Presented at NWAV-26...

lexical access

lexical access n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... access n. The process by which a person retrieves items from a lexicon ( 2 ) . [From Greek lexis a word, from legein to...

lexical rule

lexical rule   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
137 words

...is in Lexical-Functional Grammar , where syntactic processes deriving e.g. passives are replaced by lexical rules deriving lexical units that take such constructions. The term was also used by Chomsky in the 1960s for a general operation inserting lexical units into phrase structure...

lexical verb

lexical verb   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
104 words

... verb A verb that expresses a particular lexical meaning , as listed in a dictionary, and can stand alone in a clause . (Also called full verb .) Contrasted with auxiliary verb and main verb . Lexical verbs constitute the majority of verbs. Formally they use auxiliary verbs in the formation of interrogative and negative structures (e.g. Do you understand? , I didn’t forget ; not * Understand you? , * I forgot not ), as well as for emphasis ( I DID forget ) and code ( I forgot, and so did John ). see nice properties . The terms...

lexical ambiguity

lexical ambiguity n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ambiguity n. The property of a word that has more than one meaning. In written language it arises from homographs , and in spoken language from homonyms . See also polysemy...

Lexical Field

Lexical Field   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Lexical Field . A term used in linguistics to capture a semantic relationship between lexemes which relates to a particular subject or domain rather than to the denotation of the lexeme. For example, in the domain of ‘banking’ the associated lexemes such as ‘transfer’, ‘currency’, ‘savings’ would form a lexical field. Some fields are extensive (field of clothing), and some are more limited (field of days of the week). Some linguists use semantic field interchangeably with lexical field . See register . ...

lexical analyser

lexical analyser   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... analyser ( scanner ) The part of a compiler that breaks up the input into meaningful units, e.g. names, constants, reserved words, operators. The lexical analyser will also remove redundant characters, e.g. spaces, and may deal with character-set mappings, e.g. replacing upper-case letters by the equivalent lower-case letters. The units recognized by the lexical analyser are called tokens , and are output in some conveniently coded form for subsequent processing by the...

lexical item

lexical item   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
199 words

... item The same as lexeme , or a variant on it; an item listed in the lexicon . (Sometimes also called lexical unit .) Although the terms lexical item and lexeme are often used interchangeably, distinctions can be made. The former may be preferred as the more general term, with the latter reserved for the unit which has a group of variants (e.g. see , saw , seen , etc.). 1984 R. D. HUDDLESTON A lexical item…may contain more than one lexeme or word: these are idioms such as bury the hatchet ‘renounce a quarrel’. As the quotation above suggests,...

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