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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...but emphasized the providential triumph of the Tudors, foreshadowed by Henry’s prophecy over Richmond in 4.7. But Tillyard and others depressed critical interest in Richard Duke of York by claiming that Shakespeare was uninspired when writing it. The modern stage has dispelled this view, while revisionist critics have observed how little Richard Duke of York supports Tillyard’s unifying vision of controlling providential order. More apparent is an early modern focus on the dangers of divided succession and dynastic factionalism, and the vision of an...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,809 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...toys, games, and jigsaw puzzles for children had become common. Not least, diet was more varied, with a greater range of fruit and vegetables. People owned more changes of clothes, particularly with the growing availability of cheaper calicoes and cottons. Efficient oil-lamps dispelled the age-old stygian gloom; gas lighting arrived with the new century, soon to be followed by railway travel and the electric telegraph. Outside the home, urban space was being spruced up. In many towns, straight, well-demarcated streets replaced the labyrinthine old warrens of...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,935 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to Peacock, ‘a semi-barbarian in a civilized community’ because his craft belongs in a society where imagination and feeling are the only index to reality. Where Wordsworth turns to the poet to heal wounds inflicted by civilization, Peacock turns to the scientist and historian to dispel the merely subjective pronouncements of the poet. For Peacock, the literature of knowledge acts on the literature of power as an agent of disenchantment, a position which * Byron sketched in his suppressed Preface to Don Juan ( 1819–24 ) and put into practice in the rest of...

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...for Mantua before the setting of the Watch. 3.4 Capulet agrees with his wife and Paris that Juliet shall marry Paris the following Thursday. 3.5 Early the following morning Romeo reluctantly parts from Juliet, descending from her window. Her mother brings Juliet the news that, to dispel the sorrow they attribute to Tybalt’s death, she is to marry Paris: Capulet arrives and, angry at Juliet’s refusal, threatens to disown her unless she agrees to the match. After her parents’ departure, the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris. Juliet feigns to agree, but resolves...

Robinson, Marilynne

Robinson, Marilynne (1943– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...and essayist Housekeeping ( 1980 ) Fiction Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution ( 1989 ) Non-Fiction The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought ( 1998 ) Non-Fiction Gilead ( 2004 ) Fiction Home ( 2008 ) Fiction Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self ( 2010 ) Non-Fiction When I Was a Child I Read Books: Essays ( 2012 ) Non-Fiction Lila ( 2014 ) ...

Briquel, Émilie

Briquel, Émilie (1875–1961)   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
407 words

...to her and may well have turned to Jessie ‘on the rebound’ (171) Whether the news of émilie’s engagement precipitated Conrad’s proposal to Jessie is also impossible to gauge, although, as Najder suggests,‘the impression of some connection between both events is difficult to dispel’( JCC...

Two Offers, The.

Two Offers, The.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper's “The Two Offers” was first published in the Anglo-African Magazine in 1859 and is considered the first published short story by an African American woman in the United ...
Iola Leroy

Iola Leroy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
By Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was first published in 1892. Until recently it was considered the first novel by an African American woman published in the United States. Since the novel appeared in ...
Steven Spielberg

Steven Spielberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1947– )US film director and producer, the most commercially successful director of all time.Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, he made amateur films while still as school and subsequently worked on ...
Mumbo Jumbo

Mumbo Jumbo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Ishmael Reed's third novel, Mumbo Jumbo (1972) is generally acknowledged to be his masterpiece. Complex, enigmatic, and ecstatic, it is impossible to summarize coherently with any brevity. Combining ...
nouveau roman

nouveau roman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(‘new novel’),a term applied to the work of a wide range of modern French novelists, including Nathalie Sarraute (1900–99), Claude Simon (1913–2005), Marguerite Duras (1914–96), Alain Robbe‐Grillet ...
Lord Orford Horace Walpole

Lord Orford Horace Walpole  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(fourth earl of Orford) (1717–97), fourth son of Sir Robert Walpole, travelled in France and Italy with Gray during 1739–41, and met in Florence Sir Horace Mann, who became one of his most valued ...
O’Driscoll, Denis

O’Driscoll, Denis (1954–2012)   Reference library

Heather Yeung

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by University College, Dublin in 2009 . O’Driscoll’s poetry is highly formal; he wrote that ‘form and rhythm … can somehow confer higher destiny and density on even the most workaday words’. A concern with mortality is an undercurrent to the work, yet a strong sense of irony dispels any possibility of sentimentality. The Bottom Line (Dedalus, 1994 ) is a curtal sonnet sequence which wryly addresses the aesthetic cost of the banalities of office life in ‘Celtic Tiger’ Dublin. Yet O’Driscoll sits well within a wider European context. George * Szirtes has...

Sorcery Shop, The: An Impossible Romance

Sorcery Shop, The: An Impossible Romance (1907)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Shop, The: An Impossible Romance , Robert Blatchford , 1907 , Clarion Press. In his ‘Author's Note’, Blatchford discusses some of the minor difficulties attending utopian romance (details of architecture, technology and costume) and then goes on to state that his purpose is ‘to dispel ignorance and diffuse knowledge’. The romance begins in the smoking-room of the Directorate Club, otherwise known as ‘Guinea Pigs’, where Major-General Sir Frederick Manningtree Storm, Conservative MP for South Loomshire, and Mr Samuel Jorkle, Liberal MP for Shantytown East,...

Sidmouth

Sidmouth   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
228 words

... Devon Seaside resort 10 m. NE of Exmouth, approached by the A3052 or the A375. Elizabeth Barrett came here with her family in 1832 after the sale of Hope End, her father hoping that the warm climate would help to dispel her cough. They took a house at 7–8 Fortfield Ter., previously occupied by the Grand Duchess Helena of Russia and described by Elizabeth as ‘not at all grand , but extremely comfortable and cheerful, with a splendid sea view in front, and pleasant green hills and trees behind’. The house is now flats, but a replica of the original...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...patriotic intentions of dedicating the magazine to ‘the imaginative life of the nation’. Until the end of her editorship in 1935 Poetry was primarily concerned with the work of American poets; Wallace Stevens , Marianne Moore , and W. C. Williams were among those who dispelled the mediocrity which occasionally prevailed. Monroe's successors include Karl Shapiro , who edited Poetry from 1950 to 1955 . It continues to appear, its contributors having included almost every American poet of note and many European, Israeli, and dissident Russian...

Shiplake

Shiplake   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
273 words

...their broken engagement occurred after he had sent a copy of the elegies on the death of Arthur Hallam to his friend Rawnsley, the vicar whose wife was a cousin of Emily's and in favour of the marriage. Doubts Emily and her parents had felt about his religious beliefs were dispelled and they were married a fortnight after In Memoriam ( 1850 ), the title chosen by Emily for the elegies, was published. Before her wedding Emily stayed at Holmwood, the Georgian house 1 m. W. In the coach to Pangbourne , the first stop on their honeymoon, Tennyson wrote a...

Peninsular War

Peninsular War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontës

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
400 words

...War ( 1807–14 ). The Iberian peninsula (comprising Spain and Portugal) was the location of Britain's main military contribution to the Napoleonic Wars of 1802–15 . It played a major part in the defeat of France, sapping French resources and dispelling the popular myth of Napoleon's invincibility. The French invasion of the peninsula also meant that many in Britain who had previously supported Napoleon's fight against the tyranny of old regimes, now saw him as an aggressor for the first time. The British conception of the war was increasingly one of...

Magic Pudding, The

Magic Pudding, The (1918)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children’s Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
322 words

...by unseemly recriminations, let us, while admitting that our admirable friend, Sam, may have unwittingly disturbed the composure of our admirable friend, Bill, at the expense of our admirable Puddin’s gravy, let us, I say, by the simple act of extending the hand of friendship, dispel in an instant these gathering clouds of disruption.’ The Magic Pudding was written during the First World War to take Lindsay’s mind off the death of friends on the Western Front. It sprang from an argument with a friend who said that children liked fairy stories best of all;...

Waddell, Martin

Waddell, Martin   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
423 words

...The picture books often have real or toy animals, sometimes dolls, occasionally human children, as protagonists, and offer safe excitement (as in Tiny's Big Adventure , illustrated by John Lawrence , 2004 ) and a strong sense of a cozy home and warm family that serves to dispel fears and worries ( The Park in the Dark , illustrated by Barbara Firth , 1989 , and Snow Bears , illustrated by Sarah Fox-Davies , 2002 ). Waddell's simple, sparse prose enhances the endearing characters and the settings fraught with emotion created by the talented...

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