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Overview

Wikipedia

The largest online encyclopaedia in the world. It has millions of entries. It is distinguished from many other encyclopaedias in that its entries are developed and modified by lay users ...

Wikipedia

Wikipedia   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Wikipedia . Launched in January 2001 by founders Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger , Wikipedia ( https://www.wikipedia.org/ ) is a wiki which provides free, online, collaboratively written encyclopaedic content on a very wide range of topics in over 295 different language editions. Of these, 13 have over 1m articles each: English, Swedish, Cebuano, German, Dutch, French, Russian, Italian, Spanish, Waray-Waray, Polish, Vietnamese and Japanese. The English Wikipedia was the first edition and is the largest. As of May 2017, the English edition includes almost...

Wikipedia

Wikipedia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
155 words

...Wikipedia A searchable encyclopaedia available online since 2001 that is researched, written, and edited by tens of thousands of unpaid volunteers who can range from international experts to hoaxers, and all points between. Wikipedia is frequently consulted (although rarely attributed) by journalists working on stories, and is generally regarded as a good starting point for research. However, journalists (and academics) relying on its information without conducting further fact-checking have sometimes been caught out and published erroneous material,...

Wikipedia

Wikipedia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... An Internet encyclopedia that is compiled and maintained by its users using a wiki web application. Founded in 2001 , it currently ( 2017 ) has over five million articles in English and over 40 million in all of its 290 language editions. Although very popular and successful, its standards of reliability, consistency, and security against malicious alterations have been...

Wikipedia

Wikipedia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Wikipedia The largest online encyclopaedia in the world. It has millions of entries. It is distinguished from many other encyclopaedias in that its entries are often developed and modified by lay users rather than experts. The technology used for this collaborative Web site is the wiki ....

Wikipedia

Wikipedia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
100 words

...B. Read , ‘ Can Wikipedia Ever Make the Grade? ’ Chronicle of Higher Education , 53 (27 Oct. 2006) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:About , consulted Oct....

Wikipedia

Wikipedia  

The largest online encyclopaedia in the world. It has millions of entries. It is distinguished from many other encyclopaedias in that its entries are developed and modified by lay users rather than ...
Mediawiki

Mediawiki  

The Wiki that is used to support the online encyclopaedia Wikipedia.
Wikimedia Foundation

Wikimedia Foundation  

An organization associated with the online encyclopaedia Wikipedia but which also runs a number of other projects including Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikibooks and Wikisource.
wiki

wiki  

A web-based program that allows a number of Web pages to be accessed by Internet users and modified. For example, a wiki that allows software researchers to develop academic papers collaboratively ...
encyclopedias

encyclopedias  

Reference type:
Overview Page
It was the Enlightenment which developed the modern encyclopedia. The first original Italian encyclopedia of note is the Nuovo dizionario scientifico e curioso sacro-profano of Gianfranco Pivati ...
wikiality

wikiality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Media

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
42 words

...wikiality [ Wikipedia + reality ] A common tendency to believe that something is a fact because of its endorsement in a Wikipedia entry, or other online source, and its widespread recirculation (not least via search engines, which favour the popular: see Matthew effect...

Mediawiki

Mediawiki   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Mediawiki The software that is used to support the online encyclopedia Wikipedia . It is also used in a number of other...

Wikimedia Foundation

Wikimedia Foundation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Wikimedia Foundation An organization associated with the online encyclopaedia Wikipedia but which also runs a number of other projects including Wiktionary , Wikiquote , Wikibooks and Wikisource...

wiki

wiki   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
38 words

...wiki A website or part of a website that allows its users to contribute, discuss, and edit material in an open, collaborative, and transparent way, the most famous example of which is Wikipedia . See also collaborative journalism...

crop rotation

crop rotation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...are not made of one nutrient. In certain rotations, plants like legumes (peas and beans) are grown to restore fertility. See D. Stone ( 2005 ) on medieval agriculture, and Sainju et al. (2006) J. Env. Qual. 35 on contemporary practice. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farming_systems_in_India Wikipedia entry about crop rotation in...

verification

verification   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
92 words

...process of establishing the veracity or otherwise of information before it is used in a piece of journalism. Verification might be as simple as making a telephone call to check the accuracy of a claim made in a press release , following links to the original sources of a Wikipedia entry, or checking with a celebrity’s agent to see if a Twitter account in their name is genuine. Compare Hitler diaries ; never wrong for long ; too good to check . See also attribution ; fact-checking ; hoaxes ; investigative journalism ; scepticism ; ...

collaborative production

collaborative production   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Media

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
76 words

...) The production and sharing of information or physical assets based on social collaboration and knowledge sharing within horizontal peer-to-peer networks open to all members of a community, facilitated by the use of the internet and social media (as in the case of Wikipedia). See also commons-based social media ; content co-curation ; digital socialism ; distributed collaboration ; distributed network ; knowledge community ; learning networks ; mass self-communication ; network collectivism ; open source ; produser ; social computing...

Wiki

Wiki   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
95 words

...‘wiki’ derives from the Hawaiian word wiki wiki for ‘fast’. A user is able to contribute content to a website and to edit content of another user using a regular web browser . The most famous example of the use of wiki software is the collaborative encyclopaedia known as Wikipedia . The software is also used for community websites where collaboration is invited and for various business purposes, such as company intranets and knowledge exchanges. See also web 2.0...

collective intelligence

collective intelligence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
66 words

...intelligence Using the collaboration and competition of individuals in a network to create a base of knowledge and applications. Wikipedia is an excellent example of collective intelligence, as users contribute to the development of content previously created by specialists from one organization; also TripAdvisor and Amazon , both of which use multiple user reviews as the basis of their commercial offers and recommendations. See also crowdsourcing...

crowd-sourcing (crowdsourcing)

crowd-sourcing (crowdsourcing)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...(crowdsourcing) Getting data or ideas (user-generated content) by consulting large numbers of people, especially from the ‘online’ community; Wikipedia is a good example. The OpenStreetMap project is a crowd-sourced project, where detailed map data are produced by people pooling GPS and metadata. Matt Ball’s blog of October 2010 explains the distinction between crowd-sourcing, volunteered geographic information, and authoritative data. http://www.openstreetmap.org/ OpenStreetMap site....

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