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Victor d'Hondt

(1841–1901) Belgian lawyer and enthusiast for proportional representation. His formula for assigning seats to parties in multiseat districts was, unknown to him, the same as that ...

d’Hondt, Victor

d’Hondt, Victor (1841–1901)   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
90 words

...’Hondt, Victor ( 1841–1901 ) Belgian lawyer and enthusiast for proportional representation . His formula for assigning seats to parties in multiseat districts was, unknown to him, the same as that proposed a century earlier by Jefferson to assign seats to states in the US Congress after each decennial census ( see apportionment ). The dHondt (Jefferson) system is biased in favour of large parties. Unsurprisingly, it is the most popular of the apportionment rules used nowadays by parties to assign each other seats in assemblies with proportional...

Victor d'Hondt

Victor d'Hondt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1841–1901)Belgian lawyer and enthusiast for proportional representation. His formula for assigning seats to parties in multiseat districts was, unknown to him, the same as that proposed a century ...
Consociationalism, Power Sharing, and Politics at the Center

Consociationalism, Power Sharing, and Politics at the Center   Reference library

Stefan Wolff

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
13,056 words

...proportionality rules, i.e. the dHondt mechanism. In dealing with these weaknesses, McGarry and O’Leary offer both refinements of, and advancements to, traditional consociational theory. The refinements relate, first, to the technical side of consociational institutions, where the authors recommend STV instead of PR-List as an electoral system as it militates against the proliferation of micro-parties. Second, McGarry and O’Leary elaborate the usefulness of sequential proportionality rules, such as the dHondt mechanism or the Sainte-Laguë method, in...

Eyck, van

Eyck, van   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
10,248 words
Illustration(s):
6

... means that the imitation continued throughout the century, but the practice blossomed around 1500 . Gerard David and illuminators of the Ghent–Bruges school copied Eyckian works. The Berlin Virgin and Child was copied not only by the Master of 1499 for Abbot Christian de Hondt but also by Jan Gossart for the diplomat Antonio Siciliano. Gossart also copied the central figures of the Ghent Altarpiece in his Christ between the Virgin and St John the Baptist (Madrid, Prado). In Antwerp, Quinten Metsys imitated one of Jan's lost commerce pictures in the ...

d'Hondt system

d'Hondt system   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
20 words

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