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Statute of Labourers

Subject: History

(1351) A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much ...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) This Act attempted to hold wages at their pre‐ Black Death level by imposing severe penalties for infringement. The shortage of labour thwarted attempts to keep down wages, however, for demand was greater than...

Labourers, statute of

Labourers, statute of (1351)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
173 words

..., statute of , 1351 . The statute was an early attempt at a wage freeze, rarely a popular policy. The scourge of the Black Death led to an acute shortage of labour and in June 1349 the council issued an emergency ordinance (23 Edw. III s. 1) imposing restraint. When Parliament met in 1351 there were complaints that ‘out of singular covetise’ wages had risen, and the statute (25 Edw. III s. 1) was passed. Men were to work at pre-1349 wage levels, which were laid down, and masters were forbidden to offer more. Persons below the age of 60 not in...

Labourers, statute of

Labourers, statute of (1351)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
102 words

..., statute of , 1351 . The statute was an early attempt at a wage freeze, rarely a popular policy. The scourge of the Black Death led to an acute shortage of labour. When Parliament met in 1351 there were complaints that ‘out of singular covetise’ wages had risen, and the statute (25 Edw. III s. 1) was passed. Men were to work at pre‐ 1349 wage levels, and masters were forbidden to offer more. Persons below the age of 60 not in employment were not to refuse offers of work. Resentment played a part in the grievances leading to the Peasants' Revolt ...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
110 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death . It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming expensive. Everyone under the age of 60, except traders, craftsmen, and those with private means, had to work for wages which were set at their various pre‐plague levels. It was made an offence for landless men to seek new masters or to be offered higher wages. The statute was vigorously enforced for several years and caused a great...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ). This Act attempted to hold wages at their pre- Black Death level by imposing severe penalties for infringement. The shortage of labour thwarted attempts to keep down wages, however, for demand was greater than...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
75 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) Government response to labour shortage and rise in *wages following the arrival of the *Black Death ( 1349 ); aimed to freeze wages at pre-plague levels. Kirsten Anne Fenton A. Musson , ‘Reconstructing English Labour Laws: A Medieval Perspective’, in The Middle Ages at Work , ed. K. Robertson et al . (2004), 113–32. B. Putnam , The Enforcement of the Statutes of Labourers During the First Decade after the Black Death, 1349–1359 ...

Statute of Labourers

Statute of Labourers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1351)A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming ...
Local Government

Local Government   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,193 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...jail along modern lines. Lancashire proceeded further than most counties by securing a statute in 1798 to constitute the magistracy into a Court of Annual General Sessions, in effect a proto‐county council. It was, however, the 1790s which offered the new activist magistracy both the challenge and the opportunity to create policy. Expenditure on poor rates had been rising, especially in the southern counties, from the 1770s: in 1793–5 the cost of relief soared as labourers faced high prices, food shortages, and unemployment. Overseers, therefore, found...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...legislative defences of labour in the first two decades of the new century, repealing laws like the Elizabethan Statute of Artificers which had allowed for regulation of apprenticeship, wages, and working conditions. *Petitions from wool-combers or framework knitters objecting to such actions in the language of custom and moral economy were dismissed as Jacobinical, in spite of * Byron 's eloquent speech in the House of Lords in their defence [ see *Luddism ]. The way was now open for the development of the characteristic features of commercial and early...

The Poor

The Poor   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,014 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of rural England and Wales such workhouses were not an option and the employment of the poor remained a matter of providing various occasional tasks to some of those who sought assistance. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries a number of policies of deterrence were placed on the statute book. Under an Act of 1697 those in receipt of poor relief were supposed to have a letter P and the initial of the parish sown to their clothes, but many parishes did not insist on this humiliation; badging was abolished in 1782 . The compulsory apprenticing of...

Chinese Exclusion Cases

Chinese Exclusion Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A series of disputes settled by the Supreme Court during the 1880s and 1890s: Chew Heong v. United States, 112 U.S. 536 (1884), argued 30 Oct. 1884, decided 8 Dec. 1884 by vote of 7 to 2, Harlan for ...
labour law

labour law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In its broadest sense, the legal regulation of work: the areas of law that regulate the relationship between workers and their employers, between employers and employee organisations (trade unions), ...
Peasants’ Revolt

Peasants’ Revolt (1381)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
167 words

...unrest caused by repressive legislation, such as the Statute of Labourers ( 1351 ) was brought to a head by the imposition of the poll tax of 1380 . The revolt drew support from artisans, villeins , and the destitute. Men from Kent and Essex, led by Wat Tyler and John Ball , entered London, massacring some merchants and razing the palace of the Duke of Lancaster. The young king Richard II promised the men the abolition of serfdom, cheap land, and free trade. The rebels then occupied the Tower of London and beheaded the Archbishop and the king’s...

Wage Legislation

Wage Legislation   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,672 words

...political, and legal aspects of the regulation. Internet History Sourcebooks Project . The Edict of Emperor Diocletian of ad 301. < http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/diocletian-control.html > Internet History Sourcebooks Project . Statute of Laborers, 1351. < http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/seth/statute-labourers.html. > Also found in Source Problems in English History , edited by Albert Beebe and Wallace Notestein . New York, 1915. Grossman, Jonathan . U.S. Department of Labor. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938: Maximum Struggle for a Minimum...

Chinese Exclusion Cases

Chinese Exclusion Cases   Reference library

John R. Wunder

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
896 words

...An 1884 amendment re-quired all Chinese laborers who lived in the United States before 1882 and who left the country with plans to return to have a reentry certificate. Six years later, the Scott Act ( 1888 ) became law. This statute prohibited Chinese laborers abroad or who planned future travels from returning. Over 20,000 Chinese were stranded. The Scott Act did allow merchants and teachers to return if they had proper papers. This loophole began the “paper names” industry whereby Chinese created new identities to return. Congress passed a second...

Chinese Exclusion Cases

Chinese Exclusion Cases   Reference library

John R. Wunder

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
871 words

...An 1884 amendment required all Chinese laborers who lived in the United States before 1882 and who left the country with plans to return to have a reentry certificate. Six years later, the Scott Act ( 1888 ) became law. This statute prohibited Chinese laborers abroad or who planned future travels from returning. Over twenty thousand Chinese were stranded. The Scott Act did allow merchants and teachers to return if they had proper papers. This loophole began the “paper names” industry whereby Chinese created new identities to return. Congress passed a second...

Chinese Exclusion Cases

Chinese Exclusion Cases   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
867 words

...required all Chinese laborers who lived in the United States before 1882 and who left the country with plans to return to have a reentry certificate. Six years later, the Scott Act ( 1888 ) became law. This statute prohibited Chinese laborers abroad or who planned future travels from returning. Over twenty thousand Chinese were stranded. The Scott Act did allow merchants and teachers to return if they had proper papers. This loophole began the “paper names” industry whereby Chinese created new identities to return. Congress passed a second exclusionary act,...

justices of the peace

justices of the peace   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
184 words

...of the peace The forerunners of the justices of the peace were the conservators of the peace, first appointed in the reign of Richard I . In the 13th cent. conservators of the peace, consisting of knights and gentry of the county, served on the commissions of assize , oyer and terminer, and gaol delivery. In the reign of Edward III , they were given powers to punish offenders and in 1344 to hear and determine criminal cases. A new function was entrusted to the conservators when, after the Black Death had decimated the population, the statutes of ...

picket

picket   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
232 words

...] 3 WLR 201; J-Corp Pty Ltd v Australian Builders Labourers Federated Union of Workers (WA Branch) ( 1992 ) 111 ALR 502. Where there is besetting, obstruction or intimidation the picketing may amount to a public nuisance (see Sid Ross Agency Pty Ltd v Actors and Announcers Equity Assn of Australia [ 1971 ] 1 NSWLR 760) or a criminal offence (see e.g. Crimes Act 1900 (NSW) s 545B; Summary Offences Act 1966 (Vic) s 52(1A)). Although picketing is treated as a form of industrial action under some statutes, courts have in some cases defined a picket as not...

justices of the peace

justices of the peace   Reference library

Maureen Mulholland

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
438 words

... had decimated the population, the statutes of Labourers provided for the fixing of wages by the justices. In 1361 it was provided by statute that in every English county there should be ‘one lord and with him three or four of the most worthy in the county with some learned in the law’ to ‘keep the peace, to arrest and imprison offenders, to imprison or take surety of suspected persons and to hear and determine felonies and trespasses done in the county’, and in 1363 a further statute provided for the holding of sessions four times a year (the ...

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