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Statute of Labourers

Subject: History

(1351) A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much ...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) This Act attempted to hold wages at their pre‐ Black Death level by imposing severe penalties for infringement. The shortage of labour thwarted attempts to keep down wages, however, for demand was greater than...

Labourers, statute of

Labourers, statute of (1351)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
173 words

..., statute of , 1351 . The statute was an early attempt at a wage freeze, rarely a popular policy. The scourge of the Black Death led to an acute shortage of labour and in June 1349 the council issued an emergency ordinance (23 Edw. III s. 1) imposing restraint. When Parliament met in 1351 there were complaints that ‘out of singular covetise’ wages had risen, and the statute (25 Edw. III s. 1) was passed. Men were to work at pre-1349 wage levels, which were laid down, and masters were forbidden to offer more. Persons below the age of 60 not in...

Labourers, statute of

Labourers, statute of (1351)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
102 words

..., statute of , 1351 . The statute was an early attempt at a wage freeze, rarely a popular policy. The scourge of the Black Death led to an acute shortage of labour. When Parliament met in 1351 there were complaints that ‘out of singular covetise’ wages had risen, and the statute (25 Edw. III s. 1) was passed. Men were to work at pre‐ 1349 wage levels, and masters were forbidden to offer more. Persons below the age of 60 not in employment were not to refuse offers of work. Resentment played a part in the grievances leading to the Peasants' Revolt ...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
110 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death . It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming expensive. Everyone under the age of 60, except traders, craftsmen, and those with private means, had to work for wages which were set at their various pre‐plague levels. It was made an offence for landless men to seek new masters or to be offered higher wages. The statute was vigorously enforced for several years and caused a great...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ). This Act attempted to hold wages at their pre- Black Death level by imposing severe penalties for infringement. The shortage of labour thwarted attempts to keep down wages, however, for demand was greater than...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
75 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) Government response to labour shortage and rise in *wages following the arrival of the *Black Death ( 1349 ); aimed to freeze wages at pre-plague levels. Kirsten Anne Fenton A. Musson , ‘Reconstructing English Labour Laws: A Medieval Perspective’, in The Middle Ages at Work , ed. K. Robertson et al . (2004), 113–32. B. Putnam , The Enforcement of the Statutes of Labourers During the First Decade after the Black Death, 1349–1359 ...

Statute of Labourers

Statute of Labourers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1351)A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming ...
Local Government

Local Government   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,193 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...jail along modern lines. Lancashire proceeded further than most counties by securing a statute in 1798 to constitute the magistracy into a Court of Annual General Sessions, in effect a proto‐county council. It was, however, the 1790s which offered the new activist magistracy both the challenge and the opportunity to create policy. Expenditure on poor rates had been rising, especially in the southern counties, from the 1770s: in 1793–5 the cost of relief soared as labourers faced high prices, food shortages, and unemployment. Overseers, therefore, found...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...legislative defences of labour in the first two decades of the new century, repealing laws like the Elizabethan Statute of Artificers which had allowed for regulation of apprenticeship, wages, and working conditions. *Petitions from wool-combers or framework knitters objecting to such actions in the language of custom and moral economy were dismissed as Jacobinical, in spite of * Byron 's eloquent speech in the House of Lords in their defence [ see *Luddism ]. The way was now open for the development of the characteristic features of commercial and early...

The Poor

The Poor   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,014 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of rural England and Wales such workhouses were not an option and the employment of the poor remained a matter of providing various occasional tasks to some of those who sought assistance. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries a number of policies of deterrence were placed on the statute book. Under an Act of 1697 those in receipt of poor relief were supposed to have a letter P and the initial of the parish sown to their clothes, but many parishes did not insist on this humiliation; badging was abolished in 1782 . The compulsory apprenticing of...

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