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Salafi

Subject: Religion

Name (derived from salaf, “pious ancestors”) given to a reform movement led by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh at the turn of the twentieth century. Emphasized restoration of ...

Salafi

Salafi   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
95 words

...Salafi Movement within Sunni Islam that advocates a literalist approach to Islam associated with the earliest Caliphs after the Prophet Mohammed. Salafi adherents believe the Quran and the Hadith, the words and actions of the Prophet Mohammed, constitute a pure and unadulterated form of Islam. Mohammed ibn Abd al-Wahhab called for the purging of idolatrous practices in the Arabian Peninsula in the mid-eighteenth century, although Salafism as a recognized movement emerged a century later in Egypt. The majority of Salafists seek to Islamize society through...

Salafi

Salafi   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
186 words

...Salafi Name (derived from salaf , “pious ancestors”) given to a reform movement led by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh at the turn of the twentieth century. Emphasized restoration of Islamic doctrines to pure form, adherence to the Quran and Sunnah, rejection of the authority of later interpretations, and maintenance of the unity of ummah. Prime objectives were to rid the Muslim ummah of the centuries-long mentality of taqlid (unquestioning imitation of precedent) and stagnation and to reform the moral, cultural, and political conditions of...

Salafī Groups

Salafī Groups   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,725 words

...the Salafī Group for Preaching and Combat and more recently al-Qaʿida in the Islamic Maghrib, are also Salafī in matters of belief. A less violent manifestation of Salafism is associated with the so-called Awakening Shaykhs of Saudi Arabia. These are Salafīs that have been inspired by the teachings of the Syrian activist Muḥammad Surur Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn , who combined in his writings a compelling mixture of Salafī theology and Muslim Brotherhood activism in order to effect social and political change. Because of his influence, these Salafīs are known as...

Salafi Groups

Salafi Groups   Reference library

Chris LaRossa

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,169 words

...role of women in Islam, and particularly within the Salafi tradition. There are, therefore, clearly many Salafisms, each constructing its gender roles differently and each defining appropriate roles for women differently, depending on each group's interpretation of what it means to be a Salafi. Modern social, economic, and cultural realities have undeniably affected what constitutes the interpretation of the paradigmatic Salafi woman for some Salafis. The fact that women are even an active part of some Salafi groups indicates that the tradition is evolving, and...

Salafī Movements

Salafī Movements   Reference library

Amr Osman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,575 words

...Salafī movements in other parts of the Muslim world that stressed the purity of the Islamic creed and the authenticity of its ritual practices, and showed great interest in studying reports about the way the Prophet Muḥammad and the first Muslim generations led their lives, are also seen as prototypes of modern Salafī movements, such as the Ahl-i Ḥadīth in the Indian subcontinent. While Salafī views have the potential to be radicalized, and despite the fact that there are Salafī movements that are militant in nature (known as jihādist Salafīs,...

Salafi

Salafi noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words
Salafi

Salafi noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words
Salafi

Salafi noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
Salafi

Salafi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Name (derived from salaf, “pious ancestors”) given to a reform movement led by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh at the turn of the twentieth century. Emphasized restoration of Islamic ...
Salaf

Salaf  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Predecessors or ancestors. Usually used in the sense of “pious ancestors,” especially the first three generations of the Muslim community, who are considered to have lived the normative experience of ...
Muhammad al- Shawkani

Muhammad al- Shawkani  

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Religion
(d. 1834)Yemeni scholar, jurisprudent, and reformer. Rejected the Shii Zaydi school of law into which he was born. Influenced by Salafi thought; called for a return to the textual sources of the ...
Laskar Jihad

Laskar Jihad  

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Religion
Laskar Jihad (the Jihad Paramilitary Force) emerged in Indonesia in the context of political reform, religious violence in Maluku province (the Molucca Islands), and the founding of the Forum ...
Krim, Abd el-

Krim, Abd el-  

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Religion
Abd el-Krim (1882–1963),more fully Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Khaṭṭābī, was a Moroccan leader of the Rif Rebellion and an Islamic reformer. He was the eldest son of ʿAbd al-Karīm ibn ...
Abd al-Hamid Ibn Badis

Abd al-Hamid Ibn Badis  

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Religion
(d. 1940)Islamic reformer, national leader, and head of the Association of Algerian Ulama (AAU). Received a traditional education in Tunis and returned to Algeria to teach. Founded a weekly paper, ...
Abd al-Qadir

Abd al-Qadir  

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Religion
(d. 1883)Algerian independence leader, Sufi mystic, and poet. Born in Algeria to a notable Moroccan family. Became involved in the Algerian independence movement after the French occupation of ...
al- Manar

al- Manar  

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Subject:
Religion
Influential Egyptian journal (the name means “the lighthouse”) founded and published by Muhammad Abduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida in the early twentieth century. Hasan al-Banna took over the journal ...
Mawlay Muhammad ibn al-Arabi al- Alawi

Mawlay Muhammad ibn al-Arabi al- Alawi  

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Subject:
Religion
(d. 1964)Moroccan reformist, educator, and opponent of the French colonial regime. Major figure in the spread of the Salafi reform movement, which was opposed to popular religion. Supported Arabic ...
Abd al-Aziz Thaalibi

Abd al-Aziz Thaalibi  

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Subject:
Religion
(d. 1944)Tunisian nationalist leader and Islamic reformer. Founded the Destour (Constitution) Party in 1920 to lead the demands for independence from the French protectorate. Exiled by France for ...
Subannu al-Muslimin

Subannu al-Muslimin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
West African educational association formed in 1949. Advocated ideas and practices similar to those of Salafi movements in other countries. Identified by ideological position rather than ethnicity or ...
Ibn Kathīr

Ibn Kathīr  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Abū al-Fidāʿ Ismāʿīl ibn ʿUmar ibn Kathīr (1301–1373) was a Shāfiʿī jurist, historian, and exegete. Born in Busra, Syria, he moved to Damascus with an older brother in 1306 after ...

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