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Mao Zedong

(1893–1976) Chinese statesman, chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People's Republic (1949–76) and head of state (1949–59). After studying Marxism as a student he was ...

MAO Zedong

MAO Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Dorothea A. L. MARTIN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...MAO Zedong Máo Zédōng 毛泽东 ‎ 1893–1976 Founder of the Chinese Communist Party Mao Zedong, raised in central Hunan Province by a middle-class peasant family, was the leading architect of China’s twentieth-century Communist revolution. After receiving both a traditional education and a Westernized normal school training and being inspired by the antiforeign revolutionary nationalism of the May Fourth Movement, Mao in 1921 became a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP ). A young Mao Zedong, leader of China?s Communists,...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Dorothea MARTIN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
1,178 words

...(1997). Critical perspectives on Mao Zedong’s thought . Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press. Rue, J. (1966). Mao Tse-tung in opposition, 1927–1935 . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Schram, S. (1967). Mao Tse-tung (Rev. ed). Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin. Short, P. (2000). Mao: A life . New York: Henry Holt. Spence, J. (1999). Mao Zedong . New York: Penguin. Uhalley, S. (1975). Mao Tse-tung: A critical biography . New York: Franklin Watts. Zhisui, L. (1994). The private life of Chairman Mao . New York: Random...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
263 words

... Zedong ( 1893–1976 ) Chinese statesman , founder and chairman ( 1949–76 ) of the People's Republic of China. Mao was a founder member of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 . After the nationalist Kuomintang , led by Chiang Kai-shek , dissolved the alliance with the communists in 1927 , Mao helped established rural soviets. In 1931 , he was elected chairman of the Soviet Republic of China, based in Jiangsu . The advance of nationalist forces forced Mao to lead the Red Army on the Long March ( 1934–35 ) nw to Shanxi. In 1937 , the civil war...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
155 words

...Mao Zedong ( 1893–1976 ) A Chinese revolutionary, politician, political thinker, and poet. The founding father of the People’s Republic of China and a founder of the Chinese Communist Party , along with Zhou Enlai , whose ‘first generation’ he led until his death. He rose to power during the Long March to Yan’an (1934–5) and was prominent during the Chinese civil war . He was the architect of the Great Leap Forward (1958–61) , the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) , and numerous—including anti- rightist —political campaigns. In conjunction with influences...

Máo Zédōng

Máo Zédōng (1893–1976)   Reference library

Ross TERRILL

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
8,608 words
Illustration(s):
5

...Mao: The memoirs of Mao’s personal physician . New York: Random House. MacFarquhar, Roderick , & Schoenals, Michael . (2006). Mao’s last revolution . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Mao Tse-tung . (1967). Selected works of Mao Tse-tung . Beijing: Foreign Languages Press. Pang Xianzhi. (Ed.). (2003). Mao Zedong nianpu, 1893-1949 毛泽东年谱 ‎ [Chronological biography of Mao Zedong, 1893–1949.] (3 vols.). Beijing: Renmin daxue chubanshe. Pang Xianzhi , & Jin Congji (Eds.). (2003). Mao Zedong zhuan 毛泽东传 ‎ (1949–1976) [Biography of Mao...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,342 words

...Ultimately, Mao Zedong's role as a pioneer of socialism will receive less attention and will appear far more problematic than his legacy as a nationalist modernizer. (See also Class and Politics ; Development and Underdevelopment ; Collectivization ; Populism ; Sino-American Relations ; Socialism and Social Democracy ; Stalinism ; Zhou Enlai.) Benjamin I. Schwartz , Chinese Communism and the Rise of Mao (Cambridge, Mass., 1958). Mao Tse-Tung [Mao Zedong], Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung , 5 vols. (Beijing, 1967–1977). Ross Terrill , Mao: A Biography...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (26 Dec. 1893)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,032 words

...Mao Zedong (b. Shaoshan, Hunan province , 26 Dec. 1893 ; d. Beijing , 9 Sept. 1976 ) Chairman of the Chinese Communist party 1935–76 , paramount leader of the People's Republic of China 1949–76 Mao Zedong was the single most influential figure in Chinese politics in the twentieth century. Even after his death, his legacy for Chinese politics was immense—indeed the continued use of the term ‘post-Mao’ China to define the current epoch is testimony to his importance and standing. As Mao was also a crucial player in global politics for three decades,...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
226 words

... Zedong (or Mao Tse-tung ) ( 1893–1976 ) Chinese statesman, chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People’s Republic ( 1949–76 ) and head of state ( 1949–59 ). After studying Marxism as a student he was among the founders of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 , becoming its effective leader following the Long March (the withdrawal of the Communists from SE to NW China, 1934–35 ). He eventually defeated both the occupying Japanese and rival Kuomintang nationalist forces to form the People’s Republic of China, becoming its first head of state...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (26 Dec. 1893)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,186 words

... Zedong ( Mao Tse-tung ) (b. Shaoshan, Hunan Province , 26 Dec. 1893 ; d. Beijing , 9 Sept. 1976 ) Chinese ; chairman of the Chinese Communist party 1935–76 , paramount leader of the People's Republic of China 1949–76 Mao Zedong was the single most influential figure in Chinese politics in the twentieth century. Even after his death, his legacy for Chinese politics was immense—indeed the continued use of the term ‘post-Mao’ China to define the current epoch is testimony to his importance and standing. As Mao was also a crucial player in global...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Quick reference

Jack Gray

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,702 words

... Zedong ( 1893–1976 ) Leader of the Communist Party of China from 1934 until his death in September 1976 and Marxist theorist. Mao is now remembered primarily for his two greatest campaigns, the Great Leap Forward of 1958 , and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution of 1965 , both of which were disastrous failures. The first ended with one of the greatest famines in human history, the second deteriorated into bloody chaos. Yet it is not enough to write off ‘the thought of Mao Zedong’ as perverse or without substance. These two linked movements...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
78 words

...Mao Zedong 1893 – 1976 Chinese Marxist leader Where do correct ideas come from? Do they drop from the skies? No. Are they innate in the minds? No. They come from social practice, and from it alone; they come from three kinds of social practice, the struggle for production, the class struggle and scientific experiment. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (1967), 116 Where do correct ideas come from They come from social practice struggle for production class ...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
235 words

...0Zedong Mao Zedong 1893 – 1976 Chinese statesman , effective leader of the Chinese Communist Party from the time of the Long March (1934–5), and Chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People's Republic 1949–76 Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed. lecture, 1938, in Selected Works (1965) vol. 2 politics is war without bloodshed war without bloodshed war is politics with bloodshed Every Communist must grasp the truth, ‘Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun’. speech, 6 November 1938, in Selected...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
220 words

...0Zedong Mao Zedong 1893 – 1976 Chinese statesman , chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People's Republic 1949–76 and head of state 1949–59 Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed. lecture, 1938 politics is war without bloodshed war without bloodshed war is politics with bloodshed Every Communist must grasp the truth, ‘Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun’. speech, 6 November 1938 power grows out of the barrel of a gun grows out of the barrel of a gun The atom bomb is a paper tiger which the...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
235 words

...Mao Zedong 1893 – 1976 Chinese statesman , chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People's Republic 1949–76 and head of state 1949–59; he was effectively leader of the Chinese Communist Party from the time of the Long March (1934–5). Despite having resigned as head of state Mao instigated the Cultural Revolution (1966–8) . On Mao: see levin Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed. lecture, 1938; Selected Works (1965) vol. 2 politics is war without bloodshed war without bloodshed war is politics with...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (18931976)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
912 words

...Mao Zedong Mao Tse-tung 1893 1976 Chinese revolutionary and Communist leader Every Communist must grasp the truth, Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. In Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung (1966) – dated 6 November 1938. The ‘Little Red Book’ of the Great Helmsman's ‘thoughts’ was issued during the ideological purge known as the Cultural Revolution (1966–9). It seems likely to have had the widest circulation of any book of quotations ever produced – and certainly of one devoted to a single author. Back in 1960, Lin Piao, Minister of...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
296 words

...Mao Zedong 1893 – 1976 Chinese statesman ; de facto leader of the Communist Party Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed. lecture, 1938 politics is war without bloodshed war without bloodshed war is politics with bloodshed Every Communist must grasp the truth, ‘Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun’. speech, 6 November 1938 power grows out of the barrel of a gun grows out of the barrel of a gun grows out of the barrel of a gun An army without culture is a dull-witted army, and a dull-witted army...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Zedong ( 1893–1976 ) also Mao Tse-tung Chinese statesman, leader of the Chinese Communist Party ( 1931–76 ) and chairman of the People's Republic of China ( 1949–59 ). As the architect of China's communist revolution, Mao developed the modern form of revolutionary insurgency . He defeated both the occupying Japanese and the Kuomintang nationalist forces to create the People's Republic in 1949 . In 1950 Mao sent Chinese forces to aid North Koreans when U.S. and U.N. troops crossed the 38th parallel. Initially Mao followed the Russian communist model,...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
2,300 words

...of Chairman Mao: From the Hundred Flowers to the Great Leap Forward . Cambridge, Mass.: Council of East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1989. Mao Zedong . Writings of Mao Zedong . Edited by Y. M. Kau and John K. Leung . 2 vols. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1986. Meisner, Maurice . Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic . 3d ed. New York: Free Press, 1999. Schram, Stuart R. Mao Zedong: A Preliminary Reassessment . New York: St. Martin's, 1983. Schram, Stuart R. , ed. The New Stage: August 1937–1938 . Vol. 6 of Mao's Road to Power....

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Maurice Meisner

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,350 words

...Works of Mao Tse-Tung . 5 vols. (Beijing, PRC, 1967–1977). Meisner, Maurice . Marxism, Maoism, and Utopianism: Eight Essays . (Madison, Wisc., 1982). Schram, Stuart . The Thought of Mao Tse-Tung . (Cambridge, UK, 1989). Schwartz, Benjamin I. Chinese Communism and the Rise of Mao . (Cambridge, Mass., 1958). Spence, Jonathan . Mao Zedong . (New York, 1999). Terrill, Ross . Mao: A Biography . 2d ed. (Stanford, Calif., 2000). Maurice Meisner...

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)   Reference library

Maurice Meisner

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,319 words

...a great world power. Ultimately, Mao Zedong's role as a pioneer of socialism will receive less attention and will appear far more problematic than his legacy as a nationalist modernizer. [ See also China ; Development and Underdevelopment ; Stalinism ; and United States Foreign Relations: China . ] Bibliography Mao Zedong . Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung . 5 vols. (Beijing, 1967–1977). Meisner, Maurice . Marxism, Maoism, and Utopianism: Eight Essays . (Madison, Wis., 1982). Schram, Stuart . The Thought of Mao Tse-Tung . (Cambridge, U.K.,...

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