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Mátyás Rákosi

(b. 9 Mar. 1892, d. 5 Feb. 1971). Prime Minister of Hungary 1952–3 Born in Ada, Rákosi became a Communist and was a commissar for Kun's Communist regime. After its collapse he ...

Rakosi, Matyas

Rakosi, Matyas (1892–1971)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
103 words

..., Matyas ( 1892–1971 ) Hungarian politician . He played an important role in the Hungarian communist revolution led by Béla Kun in 1919 . After four years in Moscow (1920–24), Rakosi returned to Hungary but was later arrested, to be released only in 1940 . In 1944 he became First Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party and during this time established a ruthless Stalinist regime. He was Prime Minister (1952–53). Opposition to his Stalinist policies led to his resignation as Party Secretary and return to the Soviet Union in 1956 . The...

Rákosi, Mátyás

Rákosi, Mátyás (9 March 1892)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
397 words

..., Mátyás (b. Ada, Serbia , 9 March 1892 ; d. Gorky, USSR , 5 Feb. 1971 ) Hungarian ; leader of the Hungarian Communist Party 1940–56 Rákosi was born as Mátyás Rosenkrantz in Serbia, the son of middle-class Jewish parents, who moved to Budapest during his childhood. He showed early intellectual promise and a skill for foreign languages, of which he could speak eight. In the years immediately before the First World War he worked in a London bank. He was conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian army in 1914 and sent to the Eastern Front, where he was...

Rákosi, Mátyás

Rákosi, Mátyás (9 March 1892)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
414 words

...Rákosi, Mátyás (b. Ada, Serbia , 9 March 1892 ; d. Gorky, USSR , 5 Feb. 1971 ) Leader of the Hungarian Communist Party 1940–56 Rákosi was born as Mátyás Rosenkrantz in Serbia, the son of middle-class Jewish parents, who moved to Budapest during his childhood. He showed early intellectual promise and a skill for foreign languages, of which he could speak eight. In the years immediately before World War I he worked in a London bank. He was conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian army in 1914 and sent to the Eastern Front, where he was soon captured. He...

Rákosi, Mátyás

Rákosi, Mátyás   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
85 words
Rákosi, Mátyás

Rákosi, Mátyás   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
80 words
Rákosi, Mátyás

Rákosi, Mátyás   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
Mátyás Rákosi

Mátyás Rákosi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. 9 Mar. 1892, d. 5 Feb. 1971).Prime Minister of Hungary 1952–3 Born in Ada, Rákosi became a Communist and was a commissar for Kun's Communist regime. After its collapse he fled to Moscow, but he ...
Ernö Gerö

Ernö Gerö  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Terbegac (now Trebušovce, Slovakia), 1898; d. Budapest, 12 Mar. 1980)Hungarian; General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 1956 As a member of the illegal Hungarian Communist ...
Slánski Trial

Slánski Trial  

(Nov. 1952)Rudolf Slánski (b. 1901) was one of the earliest members of the Czechoslovak Communist Party. A ruthless ideologue, he was a committed and loyal supporter of Stalin. He was general ...
Imre Nagy

Imre Nagy  

(b. 7 June 1896, d. 16 June 1958).Prime Minister of Hungary 1953–5, 1956 Born in Kaposvár, he served in World War I until he became a Russian prisoner of war in 1916. He was converted to Communism ...
Hungarian Revolution

Hungarian Revolution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(23 October–4 November 1956)A revolt in Hungary. It was provoked by the presence in the country of Soviet troops, the repressive nature of the government led by Erno Gerö, and the general atmosphere ...
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov

Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov  

(b. 15 June 1914, d. 9 Feb. 1984).General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1982–4 Born in Naguskaia near Stavropol, Andropov joined the Communist Party in 1939 and became a ...
János Kádár

János Kádár  

(b. 26 May 1912, d. 6 July 1989).Hungarian dictator 1956–89Early careerBorn an illegitimate child as János Czermanek in Fiume, he joined the illegal Hungarian Communist Party in 1932 and advanced to ...
Hungarian Revolt

Hungarian Revolt   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
711 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the hard-line Stalinist leader Mátyás Rákosi , who had been forced to cede that post to Nagy in mid- 1953 . Social pressures continued to build in Hungary under the leadership of Rákosi—Stalin's “best disciple”—who had conducted the anti-Yugoslav campaign in 1948–1949 more zealously than any other Eastern European party leader. Hundreds of thousands of Hungarian communists were executed or imprisoned after 1949 . By late October, the popular unrest in Hungary eluded the control of both the Hungarian government (led by Rákosi's successor Ernő Gerő) and the...

Hungary

Hungary   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,761 words

...Party. In the next few years the Communists were able to gain more control, and by 1949 they took complete control. Under the leadership of Mátyás Rákosi the Communists arrested all possible opponents, installed a new Soviet-style constitution, and nationalized all major industry. Rákosi established a Communist dictatorship in the country. When his mentor Joseph Stalin died in 1953 , a struggle began between Rákosi and Imre Nagy. On 23 October 1956 student demonstrations in Budapest demanded an end to Soviet occupation and the creation of “true...

diplomacy

diplomacy   Reference library

Z. A. B. Zeman

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Comintern with its secretary general, Georgi Dimitrov; among the Germans, Wilhelm Pieck came to Moscow from exile in Paris and Walter Ulbricht ( 1893–1973 )—another member of the KPD Politburo—arrived from Prague. Ana Pauker ( 1893–1960 ), a Romanian communist, and Matyás Rákosi, a member of Béla Kun's short-lived Soviet government in Hungary, also sought asylum in Moscow. Bolesław Bierut ( see Lublin Committee ) came after he had been threatened with arrest in Poland; and Klement Gottwald ( 1896–1953 ) headed the last group of communist migrants,...

Hungary

Hungary: c. 895 - 1978  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Admiral of the Fleet Miklós (1868–1957) The Oxford Companion to World War II 1 1940s Second World War 20th century War Europe Russia Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 21 - with Budapest still in German hands, the Soviets set up a provisional Hungarian government, at Debrecen Rakosi, Matyas (1892–1971) A Dictionary of World History 2 1940s Second World War 20th century Politics Communism War Cold war Europe Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 26 - the Soviet army surrounds the Hungarian capital, Budapest Budapest, siege of The Oxford Companion to World War II 1...

Cold war

Cold war: 1944 - 1990  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...liberate Belgrade Tito (1892–1980) A Dictionary of World History 2 1940s Second World War 20th century Communism War Europe Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 21 - with Budapest still in German hands, the Soviets set up a provisional Hungarian government, at Debrecen Rakosi, Matyas (1892–1971) A Dictionary of World History 2 1940s Second World War 20th century Politics Communism War Europe Hungary Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 26 - the Soviet army surrounds the Hungarian capital, Budapest Budapest, siege of The Oxford Companion to World War II 1...

Communism

Communism: 1800 - 1991  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...liberate Belgrade Tito (1892–1980) A Dictionary of World History 2 1940s Second World War 20th century War Cold war Europe Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 21 - with Budapest still in German hands, the Soviets set up a provisional Hungarian government, at Debrecen Rakosi, Matyas (1892–1971) A Dictionary of World History 2 1940s Second World War 20th century Politics War Cold war Europe Hungary Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 26 - the Soviet army surrounds the Hungarian capital, Budapest Budapest, siege of The Oxford Companion to World War II 1...

Second World War

Second World War: 1933 - 1955  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...the Battle of the Bulge Ardennes offensive (1944) A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1940s 20th century War Europe France Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 21 - with Budapest still in German hands, the Soviets set up a provisional Hungarian government, at Debrecen Rakosi, Matyas (1892–1971) A Dictionary of World History 2 1940s 20th century Politics Communism War Cold war Europe Hungary Wars since 1900 1944 1944 December 26 - the Soviet army surrounds the Hungarian capital, Budapest Budapest, siege of The Oxford Companion to World War II 1 1940s 20th...

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