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Anastasios I

Anastasios I (430–518)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...war of Anastasios’s reign was that fought against Kavadh I of Persia, who attacked Armenia in 502 . Lost fortresses were recovered in 506 , when a peace treaty was concluded. The experience of this conflict prompted the emperor to consolidate the eastern frontier. One major achievement was the construction of Dara at a strategic point on the way to the Persian capital. In particular, Anastasios faced two serious military rebellions. The first was initiated in 491 by the Isaurians, a warrior mountain people from southern Asia Minor (possible ancestors of the...

hunting and hawking, Persian

hunting and hawking, Persian   Reference library

Michael Decker and Matthew Canepa

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...royal hunts, such as Metropolitan Museum 34.33, which portrays Peroz (r. 459–84) or Qobad (Kavadh) I (r. 488–97, 499–531) hunting rams. Bahram I is alleged to have remarked that a man who did not hunt or fight was worthless. The Res Gestae Divi Saporis ( ŠKZ 43, 10 and 50, 12) attests to the ‘Master of the Hunt’ (MP Naxčihrbed) and ‘Master of Boars’ (MP Wārāzbed) as offices in Shapur I ’s court , and literary sources describe later kings such as Khosrow I (r. 531–79) as maintaining professional falconers and hunt servants. As in the Roman and...

Theodosiopolis

Theodosiopolis   Reference library

James Crow

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...but, unlike Theodosiopolis ( Resaina ) in Mesopotamia refounded by Theodosius I , the new Armenian frontier created after 420 does not figure among the military dispositions listed in the Notitia Dignitatum ( Or . 38) as under the command the Dux Armeniae, dispositions which include units dating from the early 5th century. First besieged in 502 by Kavadh I , it fell swiftly, unlike Amida in a protracted siege in the same year. After the peace of 506 Anastasius I is reported to have restored the fortifications and given it his own name. ...

Sasanids

Sasanids (ad 224–651)   Reference library

Josef Wiesehöfer

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
657 words

...against attacks from that direction. Major campaigns were undertaken against them by various Roman emperors. Valerian was defeated and captured by Sapor I , Diocletian and Galerius defeated Narses in 297 , Jovian had to make large concessions to Sapor II after the death of Julian in Mesopotamia ( 363 ), Kavadh was defeated by Belisarius ( 527 / 8 ); Khosroes II conquered Asia Minor, Palestine, and Egypt, and even threatened Constantinople , but was driven back by Heraclius ( 27 ). On their north-eastern boundary the Sasanids were menaced...

Sasanian Empire

Sasanian Empire   Reference library

Touraj DARYAEE

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
2,328 words

...the rule of Kavadh I (reigned 488–496 ce ; 499–531 ce ), the society went through a revolution. Using a novel interpretation of the Avesta, the magi (priest) Mazdak helped king Kavadh to reduce the power of the landed nobility, who exerted a lot of influence and were immune from paying taxes. Their lands were redistributed among the people, and new small-landed gentry became the backbone of the state. The power of the clergy, who had supported the earlier status quo, was also reduced. Khosrow I and His Reforms Kavadh’s son Khosrow I (reigned ...

Justinian I

Justinian I (482–565)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...because its final result was the appearance of a new power in the area, the Avar khaganate. The first war during Justinian’s reign was launched in 527 by the Persian emperor Kavadh I in Mesopotamia and Armenia. The Byzantines won at Dara in June 530 but suffered a major defeat at Callinicum ( 19 April 531 ). Nevertheless the new Persian ruler Chosroes I (Khosrow I, Khosrow I) agreed to a peace in 532 . The eastern frontier was secured for a while—at the price of a great tribute paid to Persia. This state of peace allowed Justinian to start his first...

Persia

Persia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,322 words
Illustration(s):
2

...As under the Arsacids, royal power was the exclusive preserve of the ruling dynasty; six noble families, however, held offices associated with their family. The balance of power between monarch and nobility shifted through the centuries, but in the sixth century Kavadh I and Khosrow I undertook significant reforms to the structure of the state, bolstering royal power and creating, for the first time, a permanent army. The Sassanian army was in any case superior to that of the Parthians: it was likewise dominated by cavalry, but skilled in siege...

Merv

Merv   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,433 words

...in the oasis. The restabilization of urban life under Kavadh I ( r. 488–531 ) can be seen in the resumption of minting of silver coins, which had ceased early in the reign of Yazdagird II ( r. 438–57 ). In the 6th century the walls were repaired and construction resumed, although at a lower level than in earlier times. On the central platform of the citadel at Erk-kala a new administrative building was erected. A new Buddhist stupa was erected in the eastern suburb during the reign of Khusraw I ( r. 531–79 ). Late Sasanian urban temples in Merv, decorated...

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