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John Ruskin

Subject: Literature

(1819–1900), the only child of John James Ruskin, a partner in a successful wine business. Among his earliest publications were poems and stories written for Christmas annuals. ...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

Gillian Avery

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
393 words
Illustration(s):
1

...by George Cruikshank was published in 1823 ; in Praeterita Ruskin recorded how he had copied these when he was 10 or 11. The book was reissued in 1868 with an introduction by Ruskin in which he spoke of the value of the traditional tales, with their power ‘to fortify children against the glacial cold of selfish science’—a sentiment which lies at the heart of his own story. Ruskin, John The idyllic countryside of Stiria is portrayed before the onset of tempestuous times in John Ruskin’s The King of the Golden River (1841), illustrated by Richard...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
79 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) English writer and book collector . Throughout most of his adult life, Ruskin acquired more than 90 medieval illuminated MSS—the majority western, but some oriental—spanning the 10 th to the 19 th centuries. Some of these he broke up, in part or whole, to give to friends or institutions. Many of his MSS were sold after his death. A. S. G. Edwards J. S. Dearden , ‘ John Ruskin, the Collector ’, Library , 5/21 (1966),...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

Kelley E. Wilder

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
142 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ), British art critic and author . Although Ruskin wrote that photography could never be art, and frequently denounced its mechanical nature in The Stones of Venice ( 1851–3 ), he had earlier been an advocate of the medium, and both made and collected daguerreotypes . In Modern Painters I ( 1843 ), and in his correspondence from the mid‐1840s, he praised the daguerreotype for its ability to record architectural detail, a trait he continued to appreciate. Ruskin's initial enthusiasm for photography can be seen as an extension...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1817–1900)   Reference library

Anthony Quiney

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
328 words

..., John ( 1817–1900 ) architectural and social critic . Drawing was Ruskin’s way in to architecture, and the artist Samuel Prout helped him to see texture and weathering. These influences turned him against the classical and Renaissance traditions towards an organic vision of building. The Poetry of Architecture , published serially in 1838–9 , reflected the ideal of harmonizing buildings and landscape from the Picturesque Movement. After 1845 , North Italian Romanesque and Gothic captured his attention. The Seven Lamps of Architecture ( 1849 )...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

Harrison Colyar White and Cynthia White

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,175 words

... Hunt, John Dixon . The Wider Sea: A Life of John Ruskin . New York: Viking, 1982. Kemp, Wolfgang . The Desire of My Eyes: The Life and Work of John Ruskin . Translated by Jan van Heurck . New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1990. Landow, George P. The Aesthetic and Critical Theories of John Ruskin . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1971. Pater, Walter . Selected Writings of Walter Pater . Edited by Harold Bloom . New York: Columbia University Press, 1974. Rosenberg, John D. The Darkening Glass: A Portrait of Ruskin’s Genius ....

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
81 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) English writer , artist , and social reformer . A strong religious conviction was the basis for Ruskin's advocacy of Gothic naturalism as the best style through which to praise God. His ideas are outlined forcefully in his books on architecture: The Seven Lamps of Architecture ( 1849 ) and The Stones of Venice (three vols., 1851–53 ). His five-volume work Modern Painters ( 1834–60 ) championed the paintings of J. M. W. Turner , and after 1851 he supported the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) , aesthetic and social critic famous for the five volumes of Modern Painters ( 1834–60 ) and other books interpreting the art of his time, and for promoting work of contemporary artists, particularly the Pre-Raphaelites. In relating art to the monetary culture of greed, in the manner of Carlyle, he drew opposition. Trollope grew increasingly irritated by lofty moralizing about the function of art and the pessimism embodied in it. He sharply criticized Ruskin 's Sesame and Lilies in the Fortnightly Review ( July 1865 ),...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
89 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ). Ruskin was the most influential art critic of his time as well as a talented draughtsman and water‐colourist. The son of a wealthy wine merchant, he was able to travel extensively after Oxford, developing his artistic knowledge. His large written output gave him enormous influence over public opinion; he successfully defended the Pre‐Raphaelites and championed Turner . In 1870 he was appointed Slade professor at Oxford and endowed the Drawing School there. His house on the shore of Ullswater is preserved for public...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,116 words

...W. John Ruskin and Victorian Architecture . New Brunswick, N.J., 1987. Gibson, James Jerome The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception . Boston, 1979. Gillet, Paula . Worlds of Art: Painters in Victorian Society . New Brunswick, N.J., 1990. Helsinger, Elizabeth . Ruskin and the Art of the Beholder . Cambridge, Mass., 1982. Hewison, Robert , ed. New Approaches to Ruskin . London and Boston, 1981. Hilton, Timothy . John Ruskin , vol. 1, The Early Years, 1819–1859. New Haven, 1985. Hunt, John Dixon . The Wider Sea: A Life of John Ruskin . London,...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
347 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ), English author and artist , whose The King of the Golden River might be regarded as the first English fairy story for children. Though it was not published until 1851 , seven years after Francis Paget 's The Hope of the Katzekopfs , it was in fact written in 1841 for 12-year-old Effie Gray, whom he later married. It is a story of the three brothers of tradition, two bad, the youngest good, and their reception of a supernatural visitor, the South West Wind. Ruskin described it himself as ‘a fairly good imitation of Grimm ...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
356 words

...Ruskin, John ( 1819–1900 ), eminent critic of art, architecture, and society . Charlotte Brontë delighted in all Ruskin's works, his eloquent forceful prose and his earnest content, likening him to ‘a consecrated Priest of the Abstract and Ideal’ and appreciating his deep ‘reverence for Art’ (Smith Letters , 2. 546). She read the first two of the five volumes of his Modern Painters , published by Smith , Elder ( 1843–60 ) and given to her by George Smith . These two volumes ( 1843 and 1846 ), which she read during the summer of 1848 , gave her...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
848 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) Critic . The only child of John James and Margaret Ruskin, he was born in London, and grew up in Herne Hill, in south London. His father built up the wine business of which he was a founding partner, and was able to pass on to his son. To his parents Ruskin owed a large fortune (much of which Ruskin gave away), a close knowledge of the Bible, a strong affection for romantic literature, stern political views, and an early attraction to contemporary landscape painting. The family took regular tours in Britain, and, from 1833 , on the...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

June Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
167 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) . Ruskin was the most influential art critic of his time as well as a talented draughtsman and water-colourist. The son of a wealthy wine merchant, he was able to travel extensively after Oxford, developing his artistic knowledge. His large written output gave him enormous influence over public opinion; he successfully defended the Pre-Raphaelites and championed Turner . While continuing to write prolifically on art, after 1860 he also wrote on social, political, and economic matters. These writings emphasized his view of the...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
777 words

...by E. T. Cook and A. Wedderburn (39 vols., 1903–12). J. H. Whitehouse (ed.), The Solitary Warrior: New Letters by Ruskin (1929); J. L. Bradley (ed.), Ruskin's Letters from Venice 1851–1852 (Yale Studies in English, 129; 1955); H. I. Shapiro (ed.), Ruskin in Italy: Letters to his Parents 1845 (Oxford, 1972); V. A. Burd (ed.), The Ruskin Family Letters: The Correspondence of John James Ruskin, His Wife, and Their Son John, 1801–1843 (2 vols., Ithaca, NY, and London, 1973). There are also various collections of his correspondence with...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
440 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) English academic / critic , who had an enormous influence not only on architectural style but on the ways in which standards of aesthetics were judged. He used an Evangelical/polemical tone in his writings that not only reached a mass audience but received Ecclesiological approval. He contributed to Loudon ’s earlier publications, but his key works date from the late 1840s and 1850s. The Gothic Revival was well-established when Ruskin published The Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849): an immediate success, it encapsulated the...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
208 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) English writer. Ruskin , who was born in London to wealthy, indulgent parents, was a precocious child who studied voraciously. From 1833 he made frequent continental journeys before entering Oxford in 1837 . In 1840 Ruskin, who was himself a skilful amateur artist, met J. M. W. Turner , whose work he knew from engravings, eulogized him in volume 1 of Modern Painters ( 1843 ), and became his patron and executor. On leaving Oxford his writings and lectures on art and society soon established him as the pre-eminent critic of his...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,272 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) Critic . The only child of John James and Margaret Ruskin, he was born in London, and grew up in Herne Hill, in south London. His father built up the wine business of which he was a founding partner, and was able to pass on to his son a large fortune, of which Ruskin gave much away. To his parents Ruskin also owed a close knowledge of the Bible, a strong affection for romantic literature, stern political views, and an early attraction to contemporary landscape painting. Much of his schooling was given at home, and from 1836 to...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,919 words

...The Works of John Ruskin , ed. E.T. Cook and A. Wedderburn , 39 vols (1903–12). Further Reading Anthony, P.D. , John Ruskin’s Labour: A Study of Ruskin’s Social Theory (Cambridge, 1983). Cate, G. (ed.), The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and John Ruskin (Stanford, California, 1982). Fain, J.T. , Ruskin and the Economists (Nashville, Tennessee, 1956). Henderson, W. , Ruskin’s Political Economy (1999). Hilton, T. , John Ruskin, The Early Years, 1819–59 (1985). ——, John Ruskin, The Later Years (2000). Hobson, J.A. , John Ruskin, Social...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,387 words

...and John Ruskin , (Stanford, 1982). Further Reading Anthony, Peter , John Ruskin's Labour: A Study of Ruskin's Social Theory (Cambridge, 1983). Batchelor, John , John Ruskin: No Wealth but Life (2000). Fain, John , Ruskin and the Economists (Nashville, 1956). Henderson, William , Ruskin's Political Economy (1999). Hilton, Tim , John Ruskin: The Early Years, 1819–1859 (1985). ——, John Ruskin: The Later Years (2000). Hobson, John , John Ruskin, Social Reformer (1898). Landow, George , The Aesthetic and Critical Theories of John Ruskin ...

Ruskin, John

Ruskin, John (1819–1900)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
272 words

..., John ( 1819–1900 ) One of the most significant writers on art, architecture, design, and society in Britain in the 19th century, Ruskin exerted a powerful influence on the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain and abroad. Important shaping forces were Ruskin’s major writings on architecture, The Seven Lamps of Architecture ( 1949 ) and The Stones of Venice ( 1851–3 ), texts that informed the thinking of William Morris and others. Ruskin had attributed the decline of Venice to her indulgence in the material values of the High Renaissance rather...

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