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Gustave Eiffel

(1832–1923). French engineer, he is best known for the iron tower bearing his name erected for the Paris Exhibition of 1889. Whilst the Eiffel Tower was an important step in the ...

Eiffel, Gustave

Eiffel, Gustave (1832–1923)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
140 words

..., Gustave ( 1832–1923 ) French engineer , best known for the iron tower bearing his name erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. Whilst the Eiffel Tower was an important step in the use of exposed metal for architectural purposes, Eiffel made other significant contributions, notably in bridge-building throughout Europe, South America, and Indo-China (his railway-bridge over the Truyère at Garabit, France ( 1880–4 ), was an example of his technical mastery). He was consultant for the Paris Exhibitions ( 1867 and 1878 ), and devised a theory of how...

Eiffel, Gustave

Eiffel, Gustave (1832–1923)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
87 words

..., Gustave ( 1832–1923 ). Engineer , designer of numerous major projects, in particular the 300‐metre metal tower on the Champ‐de‐Mars which bears his name and was constructed for the Exhibition of 1889 (to commemorate the Revolution). The Oxford Companion to French Literature describes it as ‘intrinsically hideous’ but possessing ‘a beauty of familiarity which defies aesthetic standards’; it has seemed to many writers and artists of the 20th c. the very symbol of modernity (see the paintings of Robert Delaunay or the opening of Apollinaire 's...

Eiffel, Gustave

Eiffel, Gustave (1832–1923)   Reference library

Brian Carter

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
202 words

..., Gustave ( 1832–1923 ) French engineer , who made significant contributions to the design of complex structures by using wrought iron in innovative ways. Utilizing small repetitive pieces of angle sections and flat bars riveted together to create lattice trusses, he was able to devise a series of large three-dimensional constructions that maximized the strength of the material while reducing weight. He realized that, visually, in such structures, the voids were more important than the solids. Eiffel is best known as the designer of the 324 m (1,063...

Eiffel, Gustave

Eiffel, Gustave   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
44 words
Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave

Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave

Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1832–1923).French engineer, he is best known for the iron tower bearing his name erected for the Paris Exhibition of 1889. Whilst the Eiffel Tower was an important step in the use of exposed metal ...
Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A wrought-iron structure erected in Paris for the World Exhibition of 1889, designed and built by the French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923). With a height of 300 metres (984 ft), it ...
Champ de Mars

Champ de Mars  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The park in Paris by the Seine, laid out in 1765, and named after the Roman Campus Martius.
Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi

Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi  

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Overview Page
(b Colmar, Alsace, 2 Apr. 1834; d Paris, 4 Oct. 1904).French sculptor. His accomplished academic style and ability to handle large projects won him numerous official commissions and he is remembered ...
engineering and architecture

engineering and architecture  

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Overview Page
In the pre-scientific era, the writers of architectural treatises from Vitruvius in antiquity to Alberti and Palladio in the Renaissance onwards also dealt with subjects which today would be regarded ...
Pierre Lacotte

Pierre Lacotte  

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(b Chatou, 4 Apr. 1932)French dancer, teacher, choreographer, and director. He studied at the Paris Opera School under Gustave Ricaux and others (1942–6), graduating into the Paris Opera where he ...
Victor Horta

Victor Horta  

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Overview Page
(1861–1947)A leading Belgian Art Nouveau architect and designer best known for his buildings, interiors, furniture, and furnishings in Brussels in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Horta ...
bridge

bridge  

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Overview Page
Structure by means of which a path, road, etc., is carried over a ravine, valley, or other depression, or over a river or other water-course, affording passage between two points at a height above ...
republicanism

republicanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An ideal of government that emphasizes the role of the active, participating citizen in government, often looking back to the role of the citizen in ancient Rome or Athens. Institutionally it aims at ...
Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
27 words

... Tower Landmark built for the Paris Exposition ( 1889 ). Designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel , the iron tower rises 300m (984ft). Lifts and stairs lead to observation...

Statue of Liberty

Statue of Liberty   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
80 words

...copper statue of a woman, standing on Liberty Island, New York City harbour. A symbol of US democracy, it was a gift from France, and was built ( 1876 ) to commemorate the centenary of US independence. It was designed by Bartholdi on an iron framework designed and built by Gustave Eiffel . The statue's official name is Liberty Enlightening the World . It stands 45m (150ft) tall to the top of the torch in the goddess's raised right...

Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower   Reference library

Robin Lenman

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
294 words

... Tower . An originally 300 m (984 ft) tall iron structure designed by the French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel ( 1832–1923 ) for the entrance to the 1889 Exposition Universelle on the Paris Champ de Mars. It became a symbol of the modern French capital and, thanks mainly to photography, the world's ultimate tourist icon. Its construction ( 1887–89 ) was recorded by Petit Pierre ( 1832–1909 ), Henri Rivière ( 1864–1951 ) and Louis-Émile Durandelle , whose Eiffel Tower album, now in the Musée d'Orsay, includes group photographs of the workforce,...

Bartholdi, Frédéric-Auguste

Bartholdi, Frédéric-Auguste (2 Apr. 1834)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
147 words

...Enlightening the World (the Statue of Liberty), in New York Harbour, which was presented by France to the USA to commemorate the alliance between the two countries during the American Revolution. Made of copper sheets riveted around an iron framework designed by the engineer Gustave Eiffel, the figure was constructed in 1875–84 , dismantled for shipping across the Atlantic, then reassembled and dedicated in 1886...

Bartholdi, Frédéric-Auguste

Bartholdi, Frédéric-Auguste   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
150 words

...Enlightening the World (the Statue of Liberty) in New York Harbor, which was presented by France to the USA to commemorate the alliance between the two countries during the American Revolution. Made of copper sheets riveted around an iron framework designed by the engineer Gustave Eiffel, the figure was constructed in 1875–84 , dismantled for shipping across the Atlantic, then reassembled and dedicated in 1886...

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