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Gobind Singh

Subject: Religion

(1666–1708) The tenth and last of the Sikh Gurus. Gobind Singh encouraged the militarization of the Sikhs against the Mogul empire. During Baisakhi (the new year festival) in ...

Gobind Singh

Gobind Singh (1666–1708)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
61 words

... Singh ( 1666–1708 ) Tenth and last Sikh guru, who laid the foundations of Sikh militarism. In 1699 he created the Khalsa , a military fraternity of devout Sikhs, which became the basis of the Sikh army he led against the Mogul empire . The wearing of the turban and the common attachment of Singh (‘lion’) to Sikh names date from his...

Gobind Singh

Gobind Singh (1666–1708)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
66 words

... Singh ( 1666–1708 ) The tenth and last of the Sikh Gurus. Gobind Singh encouraged the militarization of the Sikhs against the Mogul empire. During Baisakhi (the new year festival) in 1699 , he called upon five Sikhs to give up their lives, but instead of killing the volunteers he rewarded their courage and loyalty by initiating them into the Khalsa , a newly formed army of...

Singh, Rao Gobind

Singh, Rao Gobind   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Rao Gobind Indian , 18th century, male. Painter...

Gobind Siṅgh, Gurū

Gobind Siṅgh, Gurū (1666–1708 ce)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
225 words

...casteless community, characterized by the five Ks and a code of conduct ( rahat ). He in turn received initiation ( Khaṇḍe-dī-pāhul ) from them, assuming the name Siṅgh. Thousands more accepted this initiation. On Auraṅgzeb 's death in 1707 ce Gobind Siṅgh supported the succession of Bahādur Shāh . In an attempt to punish Wazīr Khān and other persecutors of the Sikhs. Gobind Siṅgh was fatally wounded by two Pathān assassins. He bade his Sikhs regard the Ādi Granth as Gurū (so ending the line of human gurus), and died 7 Oct. 1708 . See HOLĀ...

Gobind Singh

Gobind Singh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1666–1708)The tenth and last of the Sikh Gurus. Gobind Singh encouraged the militarization of the Sikhs against the Mogul empire. During Baisakhi (the new year festival) in 1699, he called upon five ...
Damdamā

Damdamā  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Pañjābī, ‘resting place’).Village in S. Pañjāb where Guru Gobind Siṅgh dictated the Ādi Granth.
Zafarnāmā

Zafarnāmā  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Pers., ‘epistle of victory’).Guru Gobind Siṅgh's reply to Auraṅgzeb c.1705, included in the Dasam Granth. Gobind Singh wrote the Zafarnāmā in Dīnā, S. Pañjāb, after leaving Anaṇḍpur and suffering ...
Siṅgh

Siṅgh  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Skt., simha, ‘lion’).Second name of male Sikhs. According to tradition, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (hitherto Gobind Rāi) took this surname on Baisākhī Day 1699 ce. He gave to the pañj ...
Chaupaī

Chaupaī  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(Pañjābī, ‘verse of four lines’).Sikh hymn; specifically, the Bentī Chaupaī or hymn of supplication, a composition of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh.
Jāp

Jāp  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Pañjābī, ‘repetition’).Hymn by Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. The Jāp is the introductory invocation to the Dasam Granth and is included in Nitnem for daily repetition.

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