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Giovanni Aurispa

(1376–1459), Sicilian humanist, Hellenist, and collector of manuscripts. Aurispa studied in Naples before undertaking two protracted visits to the Byzantine East (1405–13, ...

Aurispa, Giovanni

Aurispa, Giovanni (1376–1459)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
55 words

..., Giovanni ( 1376–1459 ). Sicilian humanist who travelled to the East, returning with important Greek manuscripts . In Germany he also discovered Pliny the Younger's Panegyricus and Donatus' commentary on Terence. His main interest was in collecting manuscripts and selling them for profit, but he also translated works of Lucian and Plutarch into Latin. [ Jill Kraye...

Aurispa, Giovanni

Aurispa, Giovanni (1376–1459)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
200 words

..., Giovanni ( 1376–1459 ), Sicilian humanist, Hellenist, and collector of manuscripts. Aurispa studied in Naples before undertaking two protracted visits to the Byzantine East ( 1405–13 , 1421–3 ). On his first visit he worked in Constantinople and the Byzantine provinces as a commercial agent, but also studied Greek with John Chrysoloras (nephew of Manuel Chrysoloras ). From 1414 to 1419 he taught at Savona (Liguria), after which he entered the service of Pope Martin V . When he returned to Constantinople in 1421 , he travelled as the ambassador of...

Aurispa, Giovanni

Aurispa, Giovanni (1376–1459)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
75 words

..., Giovanni ( 1376–1459 ) Sicilian humanist . He was (with Poggio *Bracciolini ) the most fortunate Renaissance discoverer of literature, in his case chiefly of Greek texts. Several trips to the East allowed him to introduce to Italy: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Plutarch, Thucydides, Plato entire, and apparently the poems of the pre-Socratic philosopher Empedocles, now lost again. To his contemporaries, he was more a merchant in MSS than a reader of them. Martin...

Giovanni Aurispa

Giovanni Aurispa  

(1376–1459),Sicilian humanist, Hellenist, and collector of manuscripts. Aurispa studied in Naples before undertaking two protracted visits to the Byzantine East (1405–13, 1421–3). On his first visit ...
Panegyrici Latini

Panegyrici Latini  

General title for a dozen addresses to emperors preserved in the MS discovered by Giovanni Aurispa in 1433. First is Pliny's panegyric of Trajan, clearly the school model for later ...
Greece

Greece  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Located in southeastern Europe on the Mediterranean sea, Greece is known for its warm climate, mountainous mainland, island coastlines, and most importantly, its ancient civilization, which gave ...
humanism

humanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A movement, grounded in scholarly studies of ancient literary texts, that informed the ideals and aims of the Renaissance.
Pliny the Younger

Pliny the Younger  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(ad 62–c.116).Roman politician, orator, and writer. From ad 106 he was superintendent of aqueducts, but his chief importance in architecture lies in his descriptions of his Laurentine and Tuscan ...
Pliny the Younger in the renaissance

Pliny the Younger in the renaissance   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
224 words

...in 1888 . The interest of this book for Renaissance scholars lay in the fact that it contained the first external account of the official persecution of Christians and an account of the doctrines of Christianity. Pliny's Panegyric on Trajan was discovered in Mainz by Giovanni Aurispa in 1432 , and was first printed in Milan in the...

humanism

humanism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
305 words

...such as Giovanni Aurispa , Poggio Bracciolini , Ciriaco d'Ancona , and Niccolò Niccoli . In education, early humanists included Guarino da Verona , Vittorino da Feltre , and Vergerio . Scholarly editing, which was initiated by Lorenzo Valla and taken up by scholars such as Poliziano , led after the advent of print to the establishment of the scholarly presses of Venice (notably that of Aldus Manutius ). In philosophy, fifteenth-century humanists included Ficino (who translated all of Plato and Plotinus into Latin) and Giovanni Pico della...

Valla, Lorenzo

Valla, Lorenzo (1407–1457)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
608 words

... Inquisition which wanted to attack him over his philosophical opinions and over the origin of the Credo – which he attributed to the first council of Nicaea and not to the apostles. Lorenzo was a self-taught humanist , connected with Giovanni Tortelli , Francesco Filelfo , Leonardo Bruni and Giovanni Aurispa . Possessing a good knowledge of Greek, he was mainly a lover of Latin . His Opus elegantiarum linguae latinae ( 1439–1449 ) had great success up to the 17th c.: it was the first work to show itself aware of the historical depth of the Latin...

panegyric

panegyric   Reference library

William Stuart Maguinness and Michael Winterbottom

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
588 words

..., in which he gave thanks to Trajan when Pliny took up his consulship in ad 100 . By that time praise was ordinarily reserved for the emperor, and the XII Panegyrici Latini show us the tradition flourishing in the 3rd and 4th cents. This collection was found by Giovanni Aurispa in 1433 , in a now lost Mainz manuscript. Its contents are (using the numbering according to Mynors's edition): 1 Pliny's Panegyricus ; 2 Latinius Pacatus Drepanius' panegyric of 389 congratulating Theodosius (2) I in the senate on his victory over Magnus Maximus ;...

Greek scholarship

Greek scholarship   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
808 words

... had published (in 1495 ) a volume containing the grammatical primer of Theodore Gaza and the manual of syntax by the second-century Alexandrian Apollonius Dyscolus , a copy of which had been brought from the East to Venice by Giovanni Aurispa in 1423 . The first Greek dictionary for foreigners was published by Giovanni Crastoni in Milan in 1478 ; it had Greek headwords and Latin definitions. The tradition inaugurated by this modest volume culminated in Henri Estienne 's Thesaurus Graecae linguae (5 vols., Geneva, 1572 ), which provided Latin...

Panegyric

Panegyric   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,768 words

...( c.570–636 ce ), following Lactantius, would call pagan panegyric an evil descended from the Greeks, good only for stirring up clouds of lies ( Origins 6.8.7). Similar criticisms were made, and similar defenses offered, after interest in panegyric revived following Giovanni Aurispa's discovery of the codex containing the XII Panegyrici Latini in 1433 . Erasmus claimed of his Panegyricus of 1504 to Philip, Duke of Burgundy “that by having the image of virtue put before them, bad princes might be made better, the good encouraged, the ignorant...

Panegyrici Latini

Panegyrici Latini   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
290 words

...Latini , general title for a dozen addresses to emperors preserved in the MS discovered by Giovanni Aurispa in 1433 . First is Pliny 's panegyric of Trajan , clearly the school model for later efforts. The other 11 all relate to Gaul, nine from the period 289–321, the remaining two datable to 362 and 389, thus suggesting that some Gallic rhetorician assembled the collection in the late 4th C. In chronological order (modern enumerations vary with different editions) these are, by name: two addresses by Mamertinus to Maximian , at Trier in 289...

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