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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Subject: History

The northern half of the state of Bosnia‐Hercegovina since 1580. The term is generally used as an abbreviation for the entire state since its independence in 1992.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Bosnia and Herzegovina , ( Bosona, Hum, Zachumlje ) Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina) since March 1992 . Previously a republic of Yugoslavia ( 1946–92 ) and part of Croatia ( 1941 ). It did not have its own independent identity when the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918 , being annexed to Serbia at that time, or when this was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929 . In April 1992 the creation by the Serbs of a Bosnian Serb Republic was proclaimed and three months later a Bosnian Croat Republic was brought into existence....

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,293 words

... and Herzegovina . The European Community and the United States recognized the modern state of Bosnia-Herzegovina on 6 and 7 April 1992 , respectively, and the new state was admitted to the United Nations on 22 May 1992 . But not all citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina were supportive of its sovereignty or, indeed, its right to exist. For centuries, a succession of colonial empires created a complex interweaving of peoples in Bosnia-Herzegovina, each with their own religion, culture, and perception of history. When these peoples lived together in peace it...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,444 words

... and Herzegovina . Bosnia and Herzegovina (usually referred to as Bosnia or Bosnia-Herzegovina) lies in the midst of the western Balkans, between the Sava River to the north, the Una River to the northwest, the Dalmatian region to the south, and the Drina River to the east. Today Bosnia covers an area of just over 51,000 square kilometers. No census has been taken in Bosnia since 1991 , when over 44 percent of the country's population were Muslims. Many Bosnians now live in Western Europe and the United States, having emigrated primarily because of the...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina   Reference library

Dr Caroline Gilby MW

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... and Herzegovina , an independent federal republic since 1992 , previously part of yugoslavia . Located on the western Balkan peninsula with just 12 km/7.5 m of Adriatic coastline and high central mountains, it is divided into two entities: the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina, and Republica Srpska, plus the district of Brčko. Each has its own constitution and thus no single central body oversees the wine industry. The republic signed a Stabilization and Association Agreement with the eu in 2008 but by 2014 was yet to be accepted as a candidate...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
811 words
Illustration(s):
1

...that although Bosnia and Herzegovina would remain a single state with unchanged borders, it would henceforth be divided into a Bosnian–Croat Federation in the west and a Bosnian Serb Republic in the north and east. Although there has been no resumption of full-scale violence, a number of serious problems remain—notably the resettlement of many thousands of refugees and the capture and prosecution of war criminals on all sides. In 1996 Izetbegović was re-elected as the chairman of a new tripartite rotating presidency, serving alongside a Serb and a Croat. The...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,265 words

...2001. An anthropologist visits a Muslim village in Bosnia just as the war breaks out and witnesses the collapse of friendships and society. In the second film she returns several years later to see how the disaster is, or is not, being worked out. Burg, Steven L. , and Paul S. Shoup . The War In Bosnia-Herzegovina: Ethnic Conflict and International Intervention . Armonk, N.Y., and London: M. E. Sharpe, 1999. Clear, accurate, and detailed discussion. Donia, Robert J. , and John V. S. Fine, Jr. Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed . New York:...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,488 words
Illustration(s):
1

...6–17 A. Pasic : Historic Reconstruction of the Neziraga Mosque Complex in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina , Studies on the History and Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 9 (Istanbul, 2006) II. Other arts . In the four centuries following the Ottoman conquest, Bosnian artists tended to follow Ottoman Turkish models. Painting and sculpture were largely non-figural and used to embellished items of applied art and architecture. Manuscript illumination was another important form, and the Koran was transcribed in Sarajevo in 1567 (Belgrade, Mus. Applied A.)....

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,314 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of Bosnia and Herzegovina, commonly referred to as Bosnia or BiH, is a loose federation of two entities created in 1995 . One is the Republika Srpska ( RS , Serb Republic ) with 49 per cent of the territory and approximately 45 per cent of the population. The remainder is itself a federation: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which consists of land controlled by the Bosniak (Muslim) and Croat communities—often referred to as ‘the Federation’. The region of Bosnia occupies the north and centre of the country while Herzegovina makes up the south and...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina   Reference library

Srdja Trifkovic

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
607 words

... and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereafter B-H) is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia. Historically a medieval kingdom (before 1463 ), an Ottoman villayet ( 1463–1878 ), and a province of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire ( 1878–1918 ), B-H was incorporated into the newly created Yugoslav state after World War I and became one of Communist Yugoslavia's six constituent federal republics after World War II. Landlocked but for 12 miles (19 km) of the Adriatic coastline, B-H has an area of just under 20,000 square miles (51,800 km 2 )...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,642 words

... and Herzegovina . Usually referred to as Bosnia or Bosnia-Herzegovina and located in the midst of the western Balkans, between the Sava River to the north, the Una River to the northwest, the Dalmatian region to the south, and the Drina River to the east. Bosnia covers an area of just over 51,000 square kilometers. No census has been taken in Bosnia since 1991 , when over 44 percent of the country's population were Muslims. Many Bosnians now live in Western Europe and the United States, having emigrated primarily because of the effects of war. Muslims in...

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