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Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld

(1868–1951) German physicist who modified the Bohr theory of the atom, suggesting that orbital electrons travelled in elliptical orbits. The son of a physician, ...

Sommerfeld, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm

Sommerfeld, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm (1868–1951)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

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Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
252 words

..., Arnold Johannes Wilhelm ( 1868–1951 ) German physicist who modified the Bohr theory of the atom, suggesting that orbital electrons travelled in elliptical orbits. The son of a physician, Sommerfeld was educated at the University of Königsberg. After teaching briefly at the universities of Göttingen, Clausthal, and Aachen he was appointed professor of physics at the University of Munich in 1906 . Sommerfeld should have retired in 1936 in favour of his pupil, Werner Heisenberg . Opposition from the Nazi party to Heisenberg's appointment...

Sommerfeld, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm

Sommerfeld, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm (1868–1951)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

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Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
272 words

..., Arnold Johannes Wilhelm (1868–1951) German physicist Sommerfeld , the son of a physician, was born in Königsberg (now Kaliningrad in Russia) and educated at the university in his native city. He later taught at Göttingen, Clausthal, and Aachen before being appointed to the chair of theoretical physics at the University of Munich in 1906 . In 1916 Sommerfeld produced an important modification to the model of the atom proposed by Niels Bohr in 1913 . In Bohr's model an atom consists of a central nucleus around which electrons move in definite...

Sommerfeld, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm

Sommerfeld, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm (1868–1951)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

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Current Version:
2009

..., Arnold Johannes Wilhelm ( 1868–1951 ) German physicist . Bohr–Sommerfeld theory (en dash) Fermi–Dirac–Sommerfeld law (en...

Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld

Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld  

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(1868–1951)German physicist who modified the Bohr theory of the atom, suggesting that orbital electrons travelled in elliptical orbits.The son of a physician, Sommerfeld was educated at the ...
Otto Stern

Otto Stern  

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(1888–1969)German-born US physicist who was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize for Physics for his use of molecular beams to establish the existence of atomic magnetic moments.The son of a prosperous grain ...
Hans Albrecht Bethe

Hans Albrecht Bethe  

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(1906–2005)German-born US physicist, who discovered the source of energy in the sun and the stars. He was awarded the 1967 Nobel Prize for Physics.The son of a university professor, Bethe was ...
Wolfgang Pauli

Wolfgang Pauli  

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(1900–1958)Austrian-born US physicist who discovered the exclusion principle. For this work he was awarded the 1945 Nobel Prize for Physics.The son of a physician, Pauli was educated at the ...
Max Theodor Felix von Laue

Max Theodor Felix von Laue  

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(1879–1960)German physicist who was awarded the 1914 Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by the atoms or ions in crystals.Born in Koblenz, the son of a civil ...
Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr  

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(1885–1962)Danish physicist and Nobel prizewinner, remembered philosophically as the founder of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory. This antirealist interpretation of the quantum world ...

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