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Althing

Althing   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
24 words
Althing

Althing   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
24 words
ALTH

ALTH [Finance]   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
5 words

... [Finance] Allos Therapeutics,...

Tynwald

Tynwald  

Meaning the assembly field, is an institution unique to the Isle of Man and is the successor of the Norse meeting of freemen. The Tynwald shares with the Icelandic Althing the claim to be the oldest ...
Gizur of Iceland

Gizur of Iceland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1117),bishop. Harold Hardrada, the notable Norwegian military leader, described Gizur as fit to be a king, a leader of Vikings, or a bishop. Gizur followed his grandfather, also called Gizur, and ...
Thorlákr Thórhallsson

Thorlákr Thórhallsson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1133–93),bishop in Iceland. Born of an aristocratic family, Thorlac became a priest in his early twenties and studied at Paris and Lincoln for about ten years. In 1161 he returned to Iceland and ...
Iceland

Iceland  

A Nordic country which, despite its small population and its inhospitable climate, has succeeded in achieving a remarkably high standard of living.Danish rule (up to 1944)Under Danish sovereignty ...
Tynwald

Tynwald   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
40 words

..., meaning the assembly field, is an institution unique to the Isle of Man and is the successor of the Norse meeting of freemen. The Tynwald shares with the Icelandic Althing the claim to be the oldest surviving parliamentary...

Thingvellir

Thingvellir (Iceland)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Thingvellir , Iceland Derived from thing ‘assembly’ and vella ‘to spurt’, a reference to where the Althing ‘Parliament’ met in 930–1798 , and the local geysers. This was on the northern end of Lake Thingvallavatn ‘Assembly Plains Lake’ from thing, völlur ‘plains’, and vatn ...

Tynwald

Tynwald   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
94 words

...by the president of Tynwald, the lieutenant-governor, the bishop, the deemsters, the Legislative Council, and the House of Keys . Its main task is to ratify or approve laws and to appoint boards which serve as administrative committees. The Tynwald shares with the Icelandic Althing the claim to be the oldest surviving parliamentary institution. J. A....

Scandinavia and Iceland

Scandinavia and Iceland   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
302 words

...century, and in the next century became a republic with its own parliament, the Althing. In the 13th century it came under the Norwegian crown in a personal union, and in the 14th, both Norway and Iceland passed under Danish control. Iceland gradually lost its political autonomy, a process which was deeply resented, especially since the economy was dominated by the Danes. In the course of the 19th century, the Icelanders increasingly pressed for a restoration of rights; the Althing was re-established in 1843 , and in 1874 Iceland was given limited home rule....

Iceland

Iceland   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
609 words
Illustration(s):
1

...was governed by some 36 chieftains, who met periodically in the Althing, an official assembly. A lawspeaker was appointed, and, in 1005 , a Supreme Court. Authority, once derived from the pagan priests and temples, changed with conversion to Christianity in c .1000 to a partnership of Church and Althing. In 1262 Iceland passed to Norway and, in 1380 , with Norway to the Danish crown. Under the rule of Denmark since 1380 , a nationalist movement achieved the restoration of the Althing or parliament in 1845 . Iceland acquired limited autonomy in 1874 ...

Thorlac (Porlakr) of Skalholt

Thorlac (Porlakr) of Skalholt (1133–93)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
318 words

...manuscripts were written which include ecclesiastical subjects such as Saints' Lives. There Thorlac died at the age of sixty. A saga of his life was written by a cleric of Skalholt and two books of miracles were recorded. He was canonized in 1198 by the bishops in the althing (assembly) of Iceland. The popular cult, which flourished until the Reformation, seems never to have been formally approved by Rome. Feast: 23 December . Scriptores rerum Danicarum (ed. Langebek ) iv. 624–30 (includes breviary fragments); H. Bekker Nielsen and L. K. Shook...

Iceland, Christianity in

Iceland, Christianity in   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
278 words

...Iceland, Christianity in . Christianity reached Iceland from Norway c. 980 and was accepted by the Althing (the ruling council) in 999 / 1000 . The medieval Church had two bishoprics, Skálholt and Hólar, and was at first under the administrative jurisdiction of Bremen, then of Lund, and finally of Trondheim (Nidaros). The breakdown of political stability in Iceland led to her subjection to Norway in 1262 . Benedictine and Augustinian communities were established in the island for several centuries. At the Reformation Iceland followed Denmark , to...

Iceland

Iceland   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
926 words
Illustration(s):
4

...arrived from Norway and from the Viking colonies in the British Isles. In 930 the settlers founded what is thought to be the world's first parliament, known as the Althing. One early settler was Erik the Red, a Viking who sailed to Greenland in about 982 and founded colony there in about 985 . Iceland was an independent country until 1262 when, following a series of civil wars, the Althing recognized the rule of the king of Norway. When Norway united with Denmark in 1380 , Iceland came under the rule of Danish kingdoms. During the colonial period,...

Gizur of Iceland

Gizur of Iceland (d. 1117)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
420 words

...closely involved Gizur's family and destiny. In the year 1000 the Icelandic assembly, composed of a pagan majority and a Christian minority, converted through English, Norwegian, and possibly German settlers, had been deeply divided about the future of their country. The Althing had decided that the future of the country should be a united one: hence all should remain pagan or all should become Christian. They did not however decide such an important matter by a majority vote: instead, they left the decision to a single wise man, chosen by the assembly....

Iceland

Iceland   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
653 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Danish rule (up to 1944) Under Danish sovereignty since 1380 , Europe's second largest island acquired limited autonomy from Denmark in 1874 , when its Assembly, the Althing, gained legislative powers. Moves to achieve independence were finally successful in 1918 , when Iceland gained full sovereignty, though its head of state continued to be linked to the Danish crown. Owing to its important strategic location, during World War II Iceland was...

home cheesemaking

home cheesemaking   Reference library

Ricki Carroll

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,075 words

...industrially manufactured foods, learned to make cheese for domestic consumption not from their grandmothers, but from books and fellow travelers. At that time in the United States, only a few how-to books were in circulation, including Making Your Own Cheese and Yogurt by Max Alth and Kitchen Cheesemaking by Lue Dean Flake. Although both books provided a measure of practical information, aspiring home cheesemakers were challenged by limited access to ingredients and equipment. At the same time, technical knowledge was almost unheard of for home...

Iceland

Iceland   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
926 words
Illustration(s):
2

...jobs. The number of tourists has tripled since 2000 , with nearly a million visitors in 2014 , when the industry contributed around 7 per cent of GDP, just ahead of the contribution from fisheries. Contemporary politics Iceland has one of the world’s oldest parliaments, the Althing. Since independence from Denmark in 1944 , the system of proportional representation has never given one party an absolute majority and politics has usually been consensual. In 1980 Vigdis Finnbogadottir was elected the first woman president. In the early 1990s, fishing...

Scandinavia

Scandinavia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,918 words
Illustration(s):
1

...dignitaries whose precise titles and attributes we do not know, a sort of open-air parliament or consultative assembly called the thing , which brought together the legislative, executive and judicial responsibilities (it would later be perfectly illustrated in the Icelandic althing ). The notion of king ( konungr ) had nothing in common with its southern equivalents: the konungr was elected by his peers from among a certain number of families, though we do not know why they enjoyed such prerogatives; he was primarily charged with celebrating the great...

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