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Icelanders, The Book of

Icelanders, The Book of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
59 words

...The Book of ( Íslendingabók ) The first vernacular history of Iceland, written in the 1120s by the priest and chieftain Ari Þorgilsson enn fróði. It describes important events in Iceland from the 9 th century settlement to 1120 , including the foundation of parliament (Alþingi) and the discovery of Greenland. The text survives in 17 th -century copies only. Óskár...

parliaments

parliaments   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,003 words

...light. Certainly it was an element of Viking culture in which the ting was apparently such an assembly. It became an important element of the evolution of modern parliaments in Scandinavia and elsewhere. It was, for instance, the forerunner of the Parliament of Iceland, the Althingi, and of the Isle of Man, Tynwald, which are the oldest of modern parliaments. The composition, structure, role, and functions of modern parliaments depend on the constitutional context in which they operate. There are supranational parliaments created by treaties that determine...

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