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Abraham Lincoln

(1809–65) US Republican statesman, 16th President of the USA (1861–65). His election as President on an anti‐slavery platform antipathetic to the interests of the southern states ...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
344 words

...Lincoln, Abraham ( 1809–1865 ), sixteenth president of the United States . Abraham Lincoln is an ambiguous figure in history and literature, with much disagreement centered on his beliefs and actions regarding African Americans. Lincoln hated slavery but equivocated in public statements about racial equality. He considered his 1863 Emancipation Proclamation the most historic act of his presidency, but many critics interpret the order freeing Southern slaves during the Civil War as a military measure, not a humanitarian one. In a famous 1862 letter to...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865)   Reference library

Dorothy PRATT

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
1,122 words

... Donald, D. H. (1995). Lincoln . New York: Simon and Schuster. Donald, D. H. (2001). The Lincoln enigma . New York: Oxford University Press. Gienapp, W. (2002). Abraham Lincoln and Civil War America . New York: Oxford University Press. Oates, S. B. (1984). Abraham Lincoln: The man behind the myths . New York: Harper and Row. Sandberg, C. (1939). Abraham Lincoln (Vols. 1–4). New York: Harcourt Brace and...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
582 words

... Lincoln’s reputation as a lawyer stretched beyond the borders of Illinois. The day after delivering his famous Cooper Union address on February 27 1860 in New York City, Lincoln met with Erastus Corning, president of the New York Central Railroad. Corning offered Lincoln the lucrative position as general counsel for the company. Lincoln politely declined and returned to Springfield. See also Executive Power ; Lawyers, Popular Perceptions of John P. Frank , Lincoln as a Lawyer , 1961. Martha L. Benner Cullom Davis , eds., The Law Practice of Abraham...

LINCOLN, Abraham

LINCOLN, Abraham (1809–1865)   Reference library

William Wesley Elkins

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... Abraham Lincoln and the Structure of Reason (El Dorado Hills, Cal., 2010). Holzer, Harold . Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech that Made Abraham Lincoln President (New York, 2004). Kempf, Edward J. Abraham Lincoln’s Philosophy of Common Sense (New York, 1965). Neely, Mark E., Jr. The Last Best Hope of Earth: Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America (Cambridge, Mass., 1993). Neely, Mark E., Jr. The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties (Oxford, 1991). Noll, Mark . American’s God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln ...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–65)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
97 words

..., Abraham ( 1809–65 ) US Republican statesman , 16th President of the USA ( 1861–65 ). His election as President on an anti‐slavery platform antipathetic to the interests of the southern states helped precipitate the American Civil War. He eventually managed to unite the Union side behind the anti‐slavery cause and emancipation was formally proclaimed on New Year’s Day, 1864 . Lincoln won re‐election in 1864 , but was assassinated shortly after the surrender of the main Confederate army had ended the war. During his lifetime Lincoln was noted for...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865)   Reference library

Quentin Taylor

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Abraham ( 1809–1865 ), lawyer, statesman , and sixteenth president of the United States . Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky, spent part of his youth in Indiana, and then settled in central Illinois. Lincoln occupies a unique position in American history and culture. He successfully led the nation through its greatest crisis, the Civil War, which cost him his life by an assassin's bullet just days after its conclusion. Although his martyrdom enhanced Lincoln's fame, he had already acquired an international reputation as a statesman at the time of...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–65)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
147 words

..., Abraham ( 1809–65 ) Sixteenth US President ( 1861–65 ). Elected to the Illinois legislature for the Whig Party in 1834 , he studied law. He served ( 1847–49 ) in the House of Representatives and unsuccessfully ran for the Senate for the new Republican Party against Stephen A. Douglas in 1858 . He was Republican candidate for president in 1860 . Lincoln's victory made the secession of the Southern, slave-owning states inevitable, and his determination to defend Fort Sumter began the Civil War . A strong commander-in-chief, he played a...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–65)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
155 words

..., Abraham ( 1809–65 ) US politician . He expressed his democratic ideals most famously at the dedication of a cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, site of the battle of the Civil War where the Confederate armies had been turned back from their northernmost point. Lincoln stated that ‘the world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here’, but expressed the hope that ‘government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth’. Lincoln's magnificent oratory may conceal more than it reveals. In particular he...

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,425 words

...Abraham Lincoln's standing in the hearts of the American people seems unassailable. See also Antebellum Era ; Antislavery ; Confederate States of America ; Federal Government, Executive Branch: The Presidency ; Lincoln-Douglas Debates . Albert J. Beveridge , Abraham Lincoln, 1809–1858 , 2 vol., 1928. J.G. Randall , Lincoln the President , 4 vols., the 4th completed by R.N. Current, 1946–1955. T. Harry Williams , Lincoln and His Generals , 1952. Merrill D. Peterson , Lincoln in American Memory , 1994. David Herbert Donald , Lincoln , 1995....

Lincoln, Abraham

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–65) [Hist.]   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
182 words

..., Abraham [Hist.] ( 1809–65 ) An American Republican statesman and the sixteenth president of the United States from 1861 to 1865 . He is sometimes referred to as Honest Abe or the Great Emancipator on account of his involvement in the abolition of slavery. He was noted for oratory and his eloquent speeches, including his speech of 1863 during the American Civil War at the dedication of the cemetery of those killed in the Battle of Gettysburg, known as the *Gettysburg address . As well as his oratory and political achievements, Lincoln is also...

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