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Overview

basic rest-activity cycle

A biological rhythm of waxing and waning alertness with a period of approximately 90 minutes in humans. During sleep it controls the cycles of REM and slow-wave sleep. Also called the ...

Economy, American, since World War II

Economy, American, since World War II   Reference library

Grahame Thompson

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,185 words

...given some analytical purchase by being organized—in the first instance at least—around the cyclical nature of economic activity. Capitalist economies—of which the United States is exemplary—tend to move in cycles of what is popularly known as “boom and bust.” In a more academic parlance this is termed the “business cycle,” and it has tended to take a six to ten year period to move through the stages of first an expansion of economic activity, followed by contraction. Because the US economy has been of such importance to the health of the international economy...

Financial Industry

Financial Industry   Reference library

James Kwak

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,233 words

...of Insurance Commissioners, by coordinating activities among state regulators, has helped to reduce some of the potential problems of regulatory fragmentation. Political Influence and Deregulation. Since 1980 , the financial sector has been a powerful force in American politics and has benefited from a succession of industry-friendly policies in Washington . Channels of Influence. The financial/insurance/real estate sector has been the top financial contributor to electoral campaigns in every election cycle for which the Center for Responsive Politics has...

Climate Change

Climate Change   Reference library

David Coates

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,696 words

...scientists from ninety-five countries warned that as much as two-thirds of the world’s resources are currently being depleted by human activity. That activity “is putting such a strain on the natural functions of the Earth,” the report concluded, “that the ability of the planet’s ecosystems to sustain future development can no longer be taken for granted.” The study concluded with what it called a “stark warning” that basic ecosystems are being irretrievably damaged ( Radford , 2005 ), a warning echoed in the later World Wildlife Fund (WWF) report, “The...

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