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basic rest-activity cycle

A biological rhythm of waxing and waning alertness with a period of approximately 90 minutes in humans. During sleep it controls the cycles of REM and slow-wave sleep. Also called the ...

Sociology of music

Sociology of music   Reference library

John Shepherd and Kyle Devine

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
10,553 words

...Marx's was critical, understanding tension and conflict as the basic engines of social process, as well as deeply historical, with a driving vision of the redress of social injustice. Nevertheless, these sociologies shared two important characteristics: they assumed the priority of society over the individual, and they were concerned with uncovering and understanding dynamics considered basic to social process. Weber's sociology, by contrast, was motivated less by a desire to provide a basic explanation for the dynamics of social process than to understand...

European American music

European American music   Reference library

Philip V. Bohlman, Stephen Erdely, Leon Janikian, Christina Jaremko, Ain Haas, Chris Goertzen, D.K. Wilgus, Mark Levy, Philip V. Bohlman, Robert C. Metil, Jesse A. Johnston, Julien Olivier, Stephen D. Winick, Bill C. Malone, Barry Jean Ancelet, Stephen d. Winick, Philip V. Bohlman, Michael G. Kaloyanides, Stephen Erdely, Lynn M. Hooker, Mick Moloney, Stephen D. Winick, Marcello Sorce Keller, Janice E. Kleeman, Timothy J. Cooley, Katherine Brucher, Carol Silverman, Kenneth A. Thigpen, Margaret H. Beissinger, Margarita Mazo, Chris Goertzen, Mark Forry, Janet Sturman, Philip V. Bohlman, Marcello Sorce Keller, Robert B. Klymasz, and Denis Hlynka

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
33,627 words
Illustration(s):
6

...for Bulgarian young adults have developed in several cities, independent of church- or community-sponsored activities. Rather than dancing to live music at a community event, in these groups dancing is done to recorded music, as an aerobic activity/class in a dance studio. The dances are usually taught by graduates from one of the Bulgarian state-sponsored choreography schools. This phenomenon of folk dancing to recorded music, as an aerobic activity, has also arisen in Bulgaria recently. 7. Czech and Slovak American music. The history of Czech American and...

Jazz

Jazz   Reference library

Mark Tucker, Travis A. Jackson, and Travis A. Jackson

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
30,073 words
Illustration(s):
10

...the melodic options for improvised lines. The titles of Coleman's albums sought to reflect the spirit of innovation driving his activity: Tomorrow is the Question! The New Music of Ornette Coleman (Cont., 1959 ), The Shape of Jazz to Come (Atl., 1959 ), and especially Free Jazz (Atl., 1960 ), in which a double quartet collectively improvises, at times producing dense textures, jarring dissonance, and agitated rhythmic activity. While some hailed Free Jazz as a liberating manifesto, opening a new world of possibilities for adventurous musicians working...

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