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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

bare life

bare life   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...life lived. Bare life refers then to a conception of life in which the sheer biological fact of life is given priority over the way a life is lived, by which Agamben means its possibilities and potentialities. Suggestions made in 2008 by Scotland Yard and the Institute for Public Policy Research in Britain that children as young as five should be DNA typed and their details placed in a database if they exhibit behavioural signs indicating future criminal activity is a perfect example of what Agamben means by bare life. It reduces the prospects of the life of...

bare life

bare life   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...life lived. Bare life refers then to a conception of life in which the sheer biological fact of life is given priority over the way a life is lived, by which Agamben means its possibilities and potentialities. Suggestions made in 2008 by Scotland Yard and the Institute for Public Policy Research in Britain that children as young as five should be DNA typed and their details placed in a database if they exhibit behavioural signs indicating future criminal activity is a perfect example of what Agamben means by bare life. It reduces the prospects of the life of...

Pronouns

Pronouns   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,916 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...form because of that interchangeability. But me is much more common today in a sentence like that one. Ernest Gowers gave sound advice here: “The prepositional use of than is now so common colloquially ( He is older than me; they travelled much faster than us ) that the bare subjective pronoun in such a position strikes the readers as pedantic, and it is better either to give it a more natural appearance by supplying it with a verb or to dodge the difficulty by not using an inflective pronoun at all” ( FMEU2 at 620). Following are several good...

Prepositions

Prepositions   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
2,035 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... 164, 167 ( 1950 ). • “The peculiarities of legal English are often used as a stick to beat the official with .” Ernest Gowers , Plain Words: Their ABC 13 ( 1954 ). • “In the structure of the ‘coherent sentence,’ such particles are necessary, and, strip the sentence as bare as you will, they cannot be entirely dispensed with .” G.H. Vallins , The Best English 30 ( 1960 ). • “Poetry, as Dr. Johnson said, is untranslatable and hence, if it is good, preserves the language it is written in .” Anthony Burgess , A Mouthful of Air 156 ( 1992 ). • ...

South Asian Genealogy

South Asian Genealogy   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,256 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...procedure in accordance with the Christian Marriage Act 1892 . With the exception of Azad Kashmir, all zones of Pakistan make divorce subject to forms of arbitration. In Azad Kashmir the ‘bare talaq ’, a form of divorce in which a husband can sever a relationship with a triple declaration of the phrase ‘I divorce thee’, still has practitioners. The oral quality of the bare talaq decree may make a paper trail difficult to find. Civil courts can grant Christians a divorce in Pakistan, and copies of a specific case ruling can be obtained from the court. Many...

Music

Music   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a good ‘second eleven’. In keeping with gentlemen-amateur traditions, these composers appeared to lack the visionary single-mindedness which activated their continental contemporaries. Though they were no feebler than their immediate predecessors, their limitations were now laid bare by contrast: creative impotence was openly mocked by fecundity throughout Europe. Only such craftsmen as Broadwood, Dodd, and Tubbs, and a few performers, particularly women, were truly fit to join the newly exalted company of musicians [ see *women musicians and composers ]....

Women Local and Family Historians

Women Local and Family Historians   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,407 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and Their Posterity ( 1930 ). Practicalities were characteristically in the forefront of her mind, causing her often to cast ‘a lingering thought after the old family when I move about their kitchen’. Another remarkable example of a pedigree, showing determination to breathe life into bare names, is that of the Tempest family of Broughton, Craven, Yorkshire, by Eleanor Blanche Tempest ( 1873–1928 ). On every large page of the family tree, documents are summarized in minuscule handwriting beside the names (British Library, Add. MS 40670). Women have frequently...

Phrasal Adjectives

Phrasal Adjectives   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
2,154 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to launch Dimension Films, a division devoted to the revenue-producing horror- and teen-movie market.” Ken Auletta , “Beauty and the Beast,” New Yorker , 16 Dec. 2002 , at 65, 75. • “It was a four- or five-times-a-year indulgence, if that.” Arthur Miller , “The Bare Manuscript,” New Yorker , 16 Dec. 2002 , at 82, 85. Occasionally writers omit the hyphens, resulting almost invariably in readers’ puzzlement—e.g.: “They lived in the small city of Apopka, Florida, located in the fern and foliage growing region [read instead in the fern- and...

Historic Churches

Historic Churches   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,400 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for social purposes. For centuries, the parish church served also as a village hall, a centre of social life, and the administrative centre for much †local government ( see the poor ; chapel‐of‐ease ; churchwardens’ accounts ; parish registers ). The interiors of medieval parish churches were very different in appearance from what they are now. The first impression upon entering would have been of a blaze of colour. Instead of being bare stone, the walls would have been plastered over and decorated with paintings, which were used both for devotional...

Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...garden and a grave.’ And though his central focus is on the process of becoming a poet, he voices the links between the expansion of a global empire, presented as a frightening terrain of silent bats and dark scorpions, and a transformed locality left behind, where ‘even the bare-worn common is denied’. In this population movement from the country to the city, and from city to parts foreign, many of the sources for the nostalgic myth of rural England were generated. The intensity of capitalist production in the countryside in Britain precluded the absolute...

Punctuation

Punctuation   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
7,703 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...anniversary.” Victor Erofeyev , “The Russian God,” New Yorker , 16 Dec. 2002 , at 56. • “She tried not to think that all his verses about her—the sonnets, the villanelles, the haiku—were merely ploys to prepare her for this ridiculous rubber balloon.” Arthur Miller , “The Bare Manuscript,” New Yorker , 16 Dec. 2002 , at 82, 86. Sometimes, perhaps as a result of an ill-founded prejudice against dashes, writers try to make commas function in their place. Often this doesn't work. In fact, the commas can result in a comma splice (one of two types of ...

Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,330 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Princess’s in 1890 . Although Beerbohm Tree staged a predictably lavish version in 1907 , this approach to the play had already been superseded in Frank Benson ’s much sparer production (with himself as Antony) at Stratford, seconded by Robert Atkins ’s revolutionary, almost bare-stage production at the Old Vic in 1922 , in which Edith Evans played her first Cleopatra. Throughout the play’s stage history, productions in which both central performances have been equally praised have been rare: for many Vivien Leigh ’s Cleopatra ( 1951 ) outshone...

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,261 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...despite being the most familiar play in the world, Hamlet still seems one of the most excitingly unpredictable, its ending as abrupt and tragic an interruption as ever. Critical history: It would be impossible, even in a book-length study, to do full justice to any more than the bare outlines of this play’s impact, not just in literary criticism and on the stage, but on Western culture at large: its characters have entered the realm of myth, and its motifs have been endlessly reworked, in fiction ( Gothic and otherwise), painting , opera , and film no...

Dov Baer of Mezhirech

Dov Baer of Mezhirech   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
137 words

...Baer of Mezhirech Hasidic master ( d. 1772 ), leader, theoretician, and organizer of Hasidism after the death of Israel Baal Shem Tov . Although Dov Baer was a competent Talmudist he was never a town Rabbi, occupying only the secondary Rabbinic position of ‘Maggid’ (the word means ‘preacher’) in the towns of Rovno and Mezhirech in Volhynia, and is hence known by the Hasidim either as ‘the Mezhirecher Maggid’ or as ‘the Rebbe, Reb Baer’. Dov Baer only got to know the Baal Shem Tov during the last two years of the latter's life and while he quotes, very...

Dov Baer of Mezhirech

Dov Baer of Mezhirech (1772)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
124 words

...Baer of Mezhirech (d. 1772 ). An early ḥasidic leader. A Talmudic and kabbalistic scholar, Dov Baer was generally recognized as the successor of the Baal Shem Tov ( Israel ben Eliezer ). He lived an ascetic life and, by his saintliness, set a pattern for future Zaddikim (Ḥasidic leaders). His doctrines have been preserved through collections of his sayings and through the works of his disciples. His activities were strongly condemned by the Orthodox in Vilna, who pronounced a ban of ex-communication ( ḥerem ) on the movement, and this is said...

Clooth-na-Bare

Clooth-na-Bare   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Bare . W. B. Yeats's transmogrification of Cailleach Bhéirre . Unlike her predecessor in Irish tradition, Clooth-na-Bare is not a sovereignty figure. Instead, she seeks the deepest lake in which to drown her fairy life as she has grown weary of...

Baer, Karl Ernst von

Baer, Karl Ernst von (1792–1876)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
387 words

...animals as one investigates younger and younger embryos, provided Darwin with basic arguments for his evolutionary theory. Baer was, however, opposed to the idea of there being a common ancestor for all animal life, although he conceded that some animals and some races of man might have had common ancestry. His other notable discoveries included the mammalian notochord and the neural folds as the precursors of the nervous system. Baer intended his embryological work to be, at least partly, a means of improving animal classification by demonstrating vertebrate...

Elimelech of Lyzhansk

Elimelech of Lyzhansk (1717–87)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
104 words

...of Lyzhansk ( 1717–87 ). Jewish Ḥasidic leader. Elimelech was the pupil of Dov Baer , and after some wanderings, settled in Lyzhansk in Galacia. He formulated the doctrine of the Zaddik and taught that he should lead his community in all spheres of life, not merely the religious. He believed that the Zaddik had a direct connection with the higher world, and that ‘every utterance of the Zaddik creates an angel and influences higher spheres’. His main work was a commentary on Torah , Noʾam Elimelekh ( 1787 ), but it is in effect an exposition...

succession

succession   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( plant succession ) A series of complexes of plant life at a particular site. Plant succession is viewed as the development of plant life on originally bare earth, in a definite sequence; see Leal and Lorscheitter (2007) Acta Bot. Bras. 21, 1 . The term successional dynamics applies to the shifts between successional stages of an ecosystem...

Baring-Gould, Sabine

Baring-Gould, Sabine (1834–1924)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
154 words

...from many different sources which ‘I have taken the liberty of embroidering’. GA Gillian Avery Dickinson, Bickford Holland Cohan , Sabine Baring-Gould: Squarson, Writer and Folklorist, 1834–1924 (1970). Purcell, William Ernest , Onward Christian Soldier: A Life of Sabine Baring-Gould, Parson, Squire, Novelist, Antiquary, 1834–1924 (1957). Sutton, Max Keith , ‘ Place, Folklore, and Hegelianism in Baring-Gould's Red Spider ’, VIJ: Victorians Institute Journal , 13...

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