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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Clooth-na-Bare

Clooth-na-Bare   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Bare . W. B. Yeats's transmogrification of Cailleach Bhéirre . Unlike her predecessor in Irish tradition, Clooth-na-Bare is not a sovereignty figure. Instead, she seeks the deepest lake in which to drown her fairy life as she has grown weary of...

Baring-Gould, Sabine

Baring-Gould, Sabine (1834–1924)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...valuable and authoritative notes on the songs and often on the performers of bygone days. Baring-Gould left a mass of material when he died and his vast manuscripts are only now being identified and made available. DNB ; Bickford H. C. Dickinson , Sabine Baring-Gould: Squarson, Writer and Folklorist (1970); Harold Kirk-Smith , Now the Day is Over: The Life and Times of Sabine Baring-Gould (1997); William E. Purcell , Onward Christian Soldier: A Life of Sabine Baring-Gould ...

Vaughan Williams, Ralph

Vaughan Williams, Ralph (1872–1958)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...He was primarily interested in the tunes and often failed to note more than the first verse of a text. He did not try to note the whole repertoire of a singer, but concentrated on those he found interesting, and neither did he record any details of the singer's life or attitudes to singing beyond the bare name, age, and occupation. Collecting songs at that time was an arduous business, getting to remote villages (often by bicycle), spending hours searching out singers, noting tunes and words by hand in the open air or pub taprooms. The fact that Vaughan...

Heracles

Heracles (Europe)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... Europe Or the Roman Hercules. The greatest of the heroes in Greek mythology. Son of the Theban Alcmene and Zeus. Heracles' life was shaped by the animosity of Hera, who pursued him with relentless hostility. She drove him mad so that he killed his own family. To expiate this dreadful crime he undertook the famous twelve labours. They were: the killing of the Nemean lion, a feat he achieved with his bare hands; the killing of the Hydra, a nine-headed dragon sacred to Hera; the capture of the Arcadian stag; the killing of the Erymanthian boar; the...

Kidson, Frank

Kidson, Frank (1855–1926)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Frank ( 1855–1926 ). Born and living for most of his life in Leeds, he was proud of his home town and Yorkshire roots, and made a modest living as a journalist and author. Along with Lucy Broadwood and Sabine Baring-Gould he formed part of an important generation of pre- Folk Song Society song enthusiasts whose early collecting activities were undertaken more or less in isolation but whose individual efforts, and first publications, became both standard works and catalysts for the movement which included the formation of the Society in 1898 , and...

American myths

American myths   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...the ground. A similar hero was Joe Magarac , a steelworker who made rails for the railroad by squeezing white-hot steel with his bare hands. Sometimes the “tall tales,” as they are called, were exaggerations of the deeds of real people, again to emphasize American values. John Henry was an African American railroad worker, a modern-day Herakles who was said to have won a drilling race against a steam drill at the cost of his life. Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett were real people whose lives were turned into tall tales. Crockett, a sometime congressman who...

Food Trucks

Food Trucks   Reference library

Sophia V. Schweitzer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Trucks Quite simply, food trucks are mobile venues that sell food. This is nothing new. By way of carts, wagons, and trucks, creative entrepreneurs have been peddling sandwiches and prepackaged or easy-to-prepare meals for decades. Vehicles would be equipped with anything from bare counter space to fryers and compact kitchens. Today's food truck, however, uses blogs and social media such as Twitter to elevate street food into a gourmet class of its own. Meeting the nation's growing preference for affordable, easily accessible foods made with quality...

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province (2007)   Reference library

Ronald David HILL

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...(68,000 square miles, about the size of Uruguay), of which only 4,900 square kilometers (1,982 square miles) are under cultivation. Much land is habitable only at low densities or not at all. About 75 percent of the land is hills and mountains, mostly limestone. About 3 percent is bare rock. So limited is agricultural land that each acre must support twenty farm people. Each acre, even on slopes, must be cropped, on average, 1.8 times a year. Population pressure results in 40 percent of the total land being seriously eroded. About 63 percent of Guizhou’s workers...

curses

curses   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

.... Although invoking God's power to curse is generally done by the clergy, in previous centuries some lay people who believed themselves deeply wronged would utter a ritualized curse, kneeling on their bare knees in some public place in the presence of witnesses. Records of a Hereford diocesan court describe how in 1598 one man cursed another on his knees in the churchyard, ‘praying unto God that a heavy vengeance and a heavy plague might light on him and all his cattle’, and in 1614 a woman cursed a man she believed had killed her husband, ‘and prayed...

Djibouti

Djibouti   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
846 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Population estimate for 2035: 1.19 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 64.0 (F), 60.7 (M) Capital city: Djibouti, 529,000 Currency: Djiboutian franc Major exports: charcoal, sheep, goats, animal hides, coffee GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $3,343 Human Development Index rank: 172 out of 188 Gender Equality Index rank: n/a Environmental Performance Indicator rank: 164 out of 180 The country Though there are mountains in the north of this small country, most of Djibouti consists of a bare arid plateau—one of the world’s hottest places....

Qiú Yīng

Qiú Yīng (1494–1552)   Reference library

Ellen Johnston LAING

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,587 words
Illustration(s):
3

...situations. This is already evident in his two early paintings of bare-chested men ( Zhuangzi and Thatched Hut under Bamboo and Wutong Trees ). In later times, Qiu continued his “slice of life” scenes in at least three paintings. In the undated handscroll Picking Lotus (present location unknown), a man reclines in a thatched kiosk at the edge of a lotus pond; he is barefoot, one leg is propped on the other knee; his chest and belly are exposed and the sleeve of his robe is rolled up to bare his arm. A neglected lute lies nearby. A servant wearing thin...

WANG Xizhi

WANG Xizhi (303?–379? ce)   Reference library

Fatima WU

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...minister’s residence to select the right man for his daughter. Young men of letters flocked to the palace dressed in their best clothes. Wang, not anxious to please, arrived late in casual clothing. He managed to find a seat near a bed. Because of the heat, he untied his belt and bared his abdomen. Such behavior marked him as different from the rest, and he left an impression of spontaneity on those who were present. When Shi heard this report, he decided to give Wang his daughter’s hand. Following the Confucian tradition, Wang received a military position at...

ZHAO Ziyang

ZHAO Ziyang (1919–2005)   Reference library

Kirk W. LARSEN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...He remained a member of the CCP but was almost completely absent from public life until his death. Many events have been held in the world’s largest public square, but it is the student protests of June 1989 , when Zhao Ziyang supported and then tried to calm those camped in the Square, that continue to resonant. photo by joan lebold cohen. Zhao died in January 2005 at the age of eighty-five. The PRC government acknowledged Zhao’s death but kept memorials to a bare minimum, perhaps in fear that widespread mourning of Zhao’s passing might lead to...

Minoan mythology

Minoan mythology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...and mountain sanctuaries of the island, suggest that the goddess herself, like her probable Middle Eastern and/or European Neolithic equivalents, was a nature deity associated with the creative essence of the earth , the cycles of nature and of life itself, including death. She is usually bare-breasted, wearing a flounced dress. Often she holds snakes; the familiar goddess companions. Her pubic area, like that of the old Neolithic goddess, is sometimes a stylized triangle. She is depicted in many contexts, leading some scholars to suppose a Cretan...

Sharp, Cecil James

Sharp, Cecil James (1859–1924)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...volume of his Folk Songs from Somerset appeared in 1904 . He joined the Folk-Song Society, which he publicly accused of being virtually moribund. After a very public disagreement with the Board of Education over the type of songs taught in schools, he published (with Sabine Baring-Gould) Folk-Songs for Schools in 1905 , and the immensely influential English Folk Song : Some Conclusions in 1907 . Sharp was approached, in 1906 , by Mary Neal , organizer of the Espérance Working Girls' Club, in St Pancras, London, which catered mainly for poor young...

Goddess

Goddess   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...she presented the city with an olive tree. Her importance to myth is emphasized by her prominence within the Greek triad and her appearance in other Indo-European traditions. Alinari/ Art Resource, New York. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, Italy [Leeming and Page ( 1994 ), Baring and Cashford,...

Polish American Food

Polish American Food   Reference library

Annie S. Hauck-Lawson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...it is least preferred as it seems to bruise the cabbage. A favored method is to press the cabbage down with the palms of the hands. There is tradition that the very best way is to hoist a thoroughly scrubbed child into the barrel to race around and pack down the cabbage with its bare feet. Chrusciki, or angel wings, are a treat made from deep-fried dough, sprinkled with confectioner's sugar. They are sometimes cut into diamond shapes and slit in the center, with the ends pulled through and fried. Many of these foods are common to Polish Americans of different...

Mongán

Mongán   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...bargained to another man and an impostor sleeping with her. Of his three wives Mongán has the most sensual relations with Dub Lacha [Ir., black duck] , born on the same night as he to Fiachna Dub , a rival of Mongán's father Fiachna mac Báetáin. She is smitten with Mongán and bares her breasts to him; they become husband and wife. After Fiachna Dub kills Fiachna mac Báetáin and divides Ulster, Mongán wreaks vengeance upon him with the help of Brandub , king of Leinster . Brandub's price for this ‘friendship without refusal’ is Dub Lacha. She goes to live...

Herakles

Herakles   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...by the oracle at Delphi , if he could accomplish the famous Twelve Labors for Eurystheus, through which the hero earned his name and represented the glory of Greece. The Twelve Labors are as follows: 1. The fight with the Nemean Lion . The hero killed the fierce lion with his bare hands. 2. The fight against the nine-headed Lernean Hydra . The Hydra was a favorite of his enemy Hera. Herakles burned off its eight mortal heads and buried the immortal one. 3. The capture of the Arcadian Stag . The stag had golden antlers and brass hooves. Herakles was...

Niger

Niger   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,240 words
Illustration(s):
2

...governance have been interspersed with bouts of military rule. There have also been armed rebellions by the Tuareg who, with the support of Libya, its northern neighbour, have at times pressed for independence though they signed a ceasefire in 1995 . In 1996 , Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara seized power and arrested both the president and the prime minister and banned political activity. Later that year he did, however, introduce a new constitution that put power much more firmly in the hands of the president. Unsurprisingly, Maïnassara presented himself...

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