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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

succession

succession   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( plant succession ) A series of complexes of plant life at a particular site. Plant succession is viewed as the development of plant life on originally bare earth, in a definite sequence; see Leal and Lorscheitter (2007) Acta Bot. Bras. 21, 1 . The term successional dynamics applies to the shifts between successional stages of an ecosystem...

Snowball Earth

Snowball Earth   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...have actually frozen over, resembling a ‘snowball’, and potentially causing some of the most severe crises in the history of life on the planet. Such episodes may have been triggered by a reduction in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, principally CO 2 (carbon dioxide) and CH 4 (methane). This would have made the global climate colder, creating larger areas of ice and snow. This ice and snow reflects more solar radiation than does bare ground or liquid water, which creates a ‘positive feedback’. If the Earth ever became approximately half-covered by ice or...

Dust Storms

Dust Storms   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...little or no rain and the soil surface is in an erodible condition, then dust storms are a likely result. The requirement that both the soil condition and the weather situation be suitable means that dust storms tend to be seasonal. In China, they are common in early spring when bare soil is exposed after the winter snow cover has disappeared and before crops have germinated. Some of the factors tending to increase the frequency of dust storms are prolonged drought, an increase in strong wind events, disturbance of the surface by animals, vehicles, or building...

Developing Countries

Developing Countries   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
6,595 words
Illustration(s):
2

...A. , and S. Narain . Global Warming in an Unequal World: A Case of Environmental Colonialism . New Delhi: Centre for Science and Environment, 1991. Athanasiou, T. Divided Planet: The Ecology of Rich and Poor . New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1996. Athanasiou, T. , and P. Baer . Dead Heat: Global Justice and Global Warming . New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002. Banuri, T. , and J. Weyant . “Setting the Stage: Climate Change and Sustainable Development.” In Climate Change 2001: Mitigation , edited by B. Metz et al. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge...

Zoos and Aquariums as Informal Learning Environments for Climate Change Communication

Zoos and Aquariums as Informal Learning Environments for Climate Change Communication   Reference library

Susan Clayton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...(2012). Climate change education: A primer for zoos and aquariums . Chicago: Chicago Zoological Society. Routman, E. , Ogden, J. , & Winsten, K. (2010). Visitors, conservation learning, and the design of zoo and aquarium experiences. In D. Kleiman , K. Thompson , & C. K. Baer (Eds.), Wild mammals in captivity: Principles and techniques (2d ed., pp 134–150). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Schwan, S. , Grajal, A. , & Lewalter, D. (2014). Understanding and engagement in places of science experience: Science museums, science centers, zoos, and...

Equity and Distribution

Equity and Distribution   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...7 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-7 of the UNFCCC) at Marrakech in 2001 adopted a decision for periodic review of the regional distribution of CDM projects. But such reviews have yielded no substantive results as of 2010 . A look at some bare numbers will illustrate the climate injustice: GHG emission in Bangladesh is just 0.3 ton per capita against almost 20 tons in Canada or the United States, or over 30 tons in Australia. Against this grossly differentiated contribution to the problem of climate change, distribution...

Celebrities and Climate Change

Celebrities and Climate Change   Reference library

Julie Doyle, Nathan Farrell, and Michael K. Goodman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the fact that there are still large numbers who maintain partisan denialist and skeptical outlooks on climate change—including many powerful political figures in the media—as any quick read of the comments section attached at almost any climate change article on the Web will lay bare. In particular, there is growing concern over “climate silence,” which is the worry that there are not enough public, media, or even personal discussions about the severity and impacts of climate change ( Romm, 2016 ); emotional climate celebrities are perhaps working to maintain...

Geographies of Climate Change Belief

Geographies of Climate Change Belief   Reference library

Debbie Hopkins and Ezra M. Markowitz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Risk Analysis , 19 , 461–471. Oreskes, N. (2004). The scientific consensus on climate change. Science , 306 (5702), 1686. Owens, D. J. (2003). Does belief have an aim? Philosophical Studies , 115 , 283–305. Oxford Dictionaries . (2016). Belief . Paerregaard, K. (2013). Bare rocks and fallen angels: Environmental change, climate perceptions and ritual practice in the Peruvian Andes. Religions , 4 , 290–305. Patt, A. G. , & Schröter, D. (2008). Perceptions of climate risk in Mozambique: Implications for the success of adaptation strategies. Global...

Climate Change Conspiracy Theories

Climate Change Conspiracy Theories   Reference library

Joseph E. Uscinski, Karen Douglas, and Stephan Lewandowsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...emissions requires intervention—regulation or increased taxation of carbon emissions—that curtail free market economics, people whose identity and worldview centers around free markets became particularly likely to reject the findings from climate science when the logic was laid bare ( Lewandowsky, Gignac, et al., 2013 b). When people’s worldview and identity are threatened by a scientific fact or its implications (e.g., the regulatory implications of climate change), they frequently resort to “identity-protective cognition” (e.g., Cook, 2016 ; Garrett, ...

soil erosion

soil erosion   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Earth

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...also been implicated. Landscapes which have suffered extreme dissection by gullies are known as badlands. Examples occur in Cappadocia (Turkey), Alberta (Canada), Swaziland, and southern Spain. These forms have probably developed over thousands of years. The impact of raindrops on bare soil causes splash erosion. This is important since it disaggregates soil particles and allows them to be carried away by sheet flow (interrill erosion). Splash itself moves soil particles only short distances. Wind and water erosion remove the most valuable part of the soil, the...

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