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Overview

bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Gender and Science

Gender and Science   Reference library

Londa Schiebinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...argued that what is meant by sex should encompass a full continuum of human sexuality. More recently, Anne Fausto-Sterling published her “Bare Bones of Sex” ( 2005 ) and “Bare Bones of Race” ( 2008 ) to emphasize how biology is not purely physical but interacts with environment and culture to “shape the very bones that support us.” Her point is that a complex disease, such as osteoporosis, emerges over the life course in response to how biology and culture interact in “specific lived lives.” Fausto-Sterling sought to do away with dualisms—of...

Literature and Science

Literature and Science   Reference library

Priscilla Wald

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...which marks an endpoint at the end of the sentence. The proliferation of meanings is not anarchic. A still life is still (yet) life. The life is in the artistry: the composition that leads to more active contemplation. This introductory “button” shows readers how to read associatively, attending to their own roles as viewers in creating the work of art and in generating the response. It places responsibility for creating art, making meaning, and seeing life differently onto the spectator—responsibility for seeing themselves in the act of seeing, which includes...

schistosomiasis

schistosomiasis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
514 words

...and elsewhere in Africa where livelihoods depend on irrigation of crops by people whose bare skin is exposed to contaminated water, almost everyone has schistosomiasis, also called bilharziasis in honor of Theodor Bilharz, who identified the parasite. The eggs of bladder flukes are excreted in the urine, and those of the intestinal variety are excreted in the feces. The eggs develop into free-swimming larvae, which invade and pass the first developmental stage of their life cycle in freshwater snails. The larvae reproduce asexually in the snails to give rise to...

dreams

dreams   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
1,416 words

...and forecast the future. Medical thinking during the same period by such men as Maury in France, Stekel in Germany, Freud in Austria, and Jung in Switzerland, moved on into the next century and saw dreaming as a time in which the individual's true personality was laid bare, his conscience quelled, and his individual passions and fears revealed to the discerning interpreter. The 1960s saw an increase in research into dreaming, as a mental process arising from a biological substratum. In Chicago, Dr Nathaniel Kleitman led younger research workers to...

Medicine

Medicine: c. 2000 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...1513 Eucharius Rösslin publishes the first textbook for midwives, later translated into English as The byrthe of mankynde midwife A Dictionary of Public Health 1 16th century 1543 1543 Flemish anatomist Andreas Vesalius publishes a seven-volume work which for the first time lays bare human anatomy 16th century Science Europe Belgium Netherlands 1545 1545 Ambroise Paré, the greatest surgeon of his day, publishes an account of how to treat gunshot wounds Paré, Ambroise ( c. 1510–90) The Oxford Companion to Military History 1 16th century Science Europe France...

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