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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Mark ( 1835–1910 ) ‘the most celebrated thing in Shakespeare’; from Huckleberry Finn ( 1884 ) To be, or not to be; that is the bare bodkin That makes calamity of so long life: For who would fardels bear, till Birnam Wood do come to Dunsinane. But that the fear of something after death, Murders the innocent sleep, Great nature's second course, And makes us rather sling the arrows of outrageous fortune Than fly to others that we know not of. There's the respect must give us pause: Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would thou couldst, For who would bear...

bad quarto

bad quarto   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...world, Scorned by the right rich, the rich curssed of the poore? The Prince of Denmarke The widow being oppressed, the orphan wrong'd, The taste of hunger, or a tirants raigne, And thousand more calamities besides, To grunt and sweate vnder this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin, who would this indure, But for a hope of something after death? Which pusles the braine, and doth confound the sence, Which makes vs rather beare those euilles we haue, Than flie to others that we know not of. I that, O this conscience makes...

Vitez, Antoine

Vitez, Antoine (20 Dec. 1930)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
139 words

...by Vilar and Brecht , he achieved his own style in four famous 1978 Molière productions. Gesture and posture on a bare stage focused critical dramatic moments, creating a desired instability. His productions at Chaillot after 1981 (remodelled to his designs when the Théâtre National Populaire left) from 1981 included Britannicus and Hernani . Administrator of the Comédie-Française from 1988 , he died rehearsing Brecht's Life of Galileo ( 1990 ). Terry Hodgson A-F. Benhamou et al., Antoine Vitez: toutes les mises-en-scène ...

Market Theatre

Market Theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
158 words

... Athol Fugard , including Master Harold … and the Boys . The main auditorium re-opened in 1997 , seating 450, two years after the theatre received its first state subsidy from the new democratically elected government. Charles London M. Benson , Athol Fugard and Barney Simon: Bare Stage, a Few Props, Great Theatre (1997) A. Fuchs , Playing the Market: The Market Theatre, Johannesburg, 1976–1986 ...

Durang, Christopher

Durang, Christopher (2 Jan. 1949)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
194 words

...( 1994 ); and Sex and Longing ( 1996 ), which satirized both sexual mores in America and their effect on politics, and was not well received in its initial Broadway production. Betty's Summer Vacation ( 1999 ), however, won an Obie Award and once more showed Durang with teeth bared, this time satirizing television talk shows and reality-based programming. He has also performed his comedic nightclub satire, Chris Durang and Dawne . M. Elizabeth...

sport and the theatre

sport and the theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
590 words

..., who lectured on Shakespeare and was a friend of Shaw and Wilder , Gentleman Jim Corbett , who briefly became a Broadway leading man, Rocky Graziano , Max Baer and Maxie Rosenbloom , all of whom tried their hand at acting, and, more recently, Barry McGuigan and Frank Bruno , who both appeared in pantomime. The Great White Hope ( 1967 ) by Howard Sackler was based on the life of Jack Johnson , the first black heavyweight world champion. Boxing also figures in Golden Boy ( 1937 ) by Clifford Odets . Other sports that feature in plays...

Marceau [Manager], Marcel

Marceau [Manager], Marcel (22 March 1923)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
505 words

...Marceau became internationally famous. In the style exercises ( pantomimes de style ) he elaborated on the possibilities of the fixed point in space to achieve illusions like leaning against walls, walking on the spot, going up stairs or struggling against the wind — all on a bare stage. It was through the character of Bip, however, that Marceau's mime technique came most vividly alive, blending humour and pathos. Here he departed from the classicism of Decroux to revive the more romantic spirit of Jean-Gaspard Deburau ( 1796–1846 ) and the...

Copeau, Jacques

Copeau, Jacques (4 Feb. 1879)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
668 words

...‘unbridled commercialization’ of the star-based boulevard theatre in Paris, so he set up the tiny Latin Quarter Théâtre du Vieux Colombier ( 1913 ) to establish a bridgehead for the total regeneration of the theatre through a return to basic principles: all that was needed was a bare stage. In order to entice writers of quality back to the theatre, Copeau wanted reform in three main areas which pre-occupied him in varying degrees throughout his career: the text, the acting area and training. Celebrated for his public dramatic readings, he was one of the first...

Fugard, [Harold] Athol

Fugard, [Harold] Athol (11 June 1932)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
871 words

...Fugard has also assayed other literary forms; he has published a novel, Tsotsi ( 1980 ), a volume of selections from his remarkable diary, published as Notebooks: 1960–1977 ( 1983 ), and Cousins: A Memoir ( 1997 ). Ronald Ayling Mary Benson , Athol Fugard and Barney Simon: Bare Stage, a Few Props, Great Theatre (1997) Stephen Gray , File on Fugard (1991) Margarate Seidenspinner , Exploring the Labyrinth: Athol Fugard's Approach to South African Drama (1986) Russell Vandenbroucke , Truths the Hand Can Touch: The Theatre of Athol Fugard (1985)...

Shakespeare in the twentieth century

Shakespeare in the twentieth century   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,422 words

...from both the rise of the director and designer as arbiters of theatrical style, and the gradual acceptance of theatre (Shakespeare being the standard bearer) as something of educative and social value. William Poel , who stripped away scenery to experiment with Shakespeare on a bare stage, is credited by the commentator J. L. Styan with being ‘the father of modern thinking about Shakespeare on the stage’, and the playwright–director Harley Granville Barker elaborated upon Poel's experiments in his Savoy Theatre Shakespeare productions of 1912–14 ,...

Brecht, Bertolt

Brecht, Bertolt (10 Feb. 1898)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,548 words

...in comic terms on class conflict in the countryside. Der aufhaltsame Aufstieg des Arturo Ui ( The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui ), quickly composed in 1941 after a good deal of earlier work, traces Hitler's rise to power in a gangster story à la Al Capone . It aims to lay bare the analogies between big business, crime and fascism and is done in the grand manner of an Elizabethan history play. Schweik im zweiten Weltkrieg ( Schweyk in the Second World War , 1942–3 ) harks back to a figure Brecht had dramatized before as a member of the writing team...

design

design   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,481 words

...buildings, accepting the given architecture of a traditional theatre space, but so manipulating that space that the spectator's eye is stretched to the very maximum in every dimension. Peter Brook employed a disused variety theatre in Paris, Les Bouffes du Nord, stripped to its bare brick walls, to show a crowd clambering up the back wall of the theatre in Timon of Athens ( 1987 ), or, in Les Ik ( 1975 ), conveying the desperation of poverty and the fragility of a shelter by placing a solitary figure kneeling on the stage surrounded by six small bricks. ...

Netherlands

Netherlands   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,390 words

...Dutch audiences with playwrights like Ionesco and Beckett and produce plays which featured current events (e.g. Van Itallie 's America Hurrah! ), he also broke with the traditional picture-frame stage and the realistic staging style associated with it. Studio performed on a bare platform stage which jutted diagonally into the house. The audience was seated on three sides around it. Not surprisingly, Studio's slogan ran: ‘no curtain, no distance between you and the actors’. Ritsaert ten Cate (b. 1938 ), who since 1965 has brought such companies as La...

Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,330 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Princess’s in 1890 . Although Beerbohm Tree staged a predictably lavish version in 1907 , this approach to the play had already been superseded in Frank Benson ’s much sparer production (with himself as Antony) at Stratford, seconded by Robert Atkins ’s revolutionary, almost bare-stage production at the Old Vic in 1922 , in which Edith Evans played her first Cleopatra. Throughout the play’s stage history, productions in which both central performances have been equally praised have been rare: for many Vivien Leigh ’s Cleopatra ( 1951 ) outshone...

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,261 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...despite being the most familiar play in the world, Hamlet still seems one of the most excitingly unpredictable, its ending as abrupt and tragic an interruption as ever. Critical history: It would be impossible, even in a book-length study, to do full justice to any more than the bare outlines of this play’s impact, not just in literary criticism and on the stage, but on Western culture at large: its characters have entered the realm of myth, and its motifs have been endlessly reworked, in fiction ( Gothic and otherwise), painting , opera , and film no...

Draper, Ruth

Draper, Ruth (1884–1956)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
173 words

...parties and charity performances, and it was not until 1920 that she made her first professional appearance at the Aeolian Hall in London. She quickly established herself as an international figure and for the rest of her life toured continuously, elaborating and adding to her repertory but never changing the basic formula—a bare stage, a minimum of props, and herself as one person responding to invisible companions (as in ‘Opening a Bazaar’ or ‘Showing the Garden’) or as several people in succession (as in ‘Three Generations’, ‘Mr Clifford and Three...

Play

Play   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
208 words

...either a tragedy , with subdivisions into epic, historical, or neo-classical, or a comedy , which includes farce. Hybrid forms are ballad opera , burlesque , burletta , harlequinade , musical comedy , and pantomime . Although a play may be no more than a duologue on a bare platform, in its usual acceptance it covers a text, originally written by the dramatist (or playwright, which reveals his status as one worker among many, as with wheelwright), played in a suitable building by actors, together with scenery and costumes (usually specially designed)...

Our Town

Our Town (1938)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
381 words

...Manager (Frank Craven ) walks onto a bare, uncurtained stage, with only a few chairs and tables as props, and narrates the events of a typical American small town, Grover's Corner, New Hampshire, in the years 1901 to 1913 . The town is going about its leisurely, traditional business. Professor Willard ( Arthur Allen ) and Editor Webb ( Thomas W. Ross ) describe the town's scientific and social backgrounds, and much of the drama centers on the families of Webb and Dr. Gibbs ( Jay Fassett ). The first act, “Daily Life,” focuses on the ordinary pursuits of the...

Liturgical Drama

Liturgical Drama   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
717 words

...Drama , plays based on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ . Considering the drama inherent in its subject, it is not surprising that the mimetic instinct in man, driven underground by the Early Fathers, should have broken out again in the celebration of the Mass, particularly at Easter and Christmas. The service itself provided the bare bones of a plot, and the introduction of antiphonal singing, which may have owed something to the memory of the Greek chorus , paved the way for the use of dialogue. As church services became more...

Scenery

Scenery   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,334 words

...in grooves placed about half-way upstage. The wings, too, could be in groups sliding in grooves, so that they could be changed according to the changes of the back scenes. These Court performances of masques had no influence on the English public theatres, which still used the bare apron stage derived from the medieval tradition. Development along Continental lines was prevented by the outbreak of the Civil War and the proscription of playhouses until the monarchy was restored in 1660 . In 17th-century Italy the widespread passion for opera gave stimulus to...

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