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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Relâche

Relâche   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
328 words

... Scenic Design . Banes, Sally . An Introduction to the Ballets Suédois . Ballet Review 7 (1978–1979): 28–59. Beaumont, Cyril W. Complete Book of Ballets . London, 1937. Camfield, William . Dada Experiment: Francis Picabia and the Creation of Relâche . In Nancy Van Norman Baer , ed. Paris Modern: The Swedish Ballet 1920–1925 . San Francisco, 1995. Carroll, Noël . Entr'acte, Paris, and Dada . Millennium Film Journal 1 (Winter 1977–1978). Häger, Bengt . Ballets Suédois . Translated by Ruth Sharman . New York, 1990. Shattuck, Roger . The Banquet...

Walkowitz, Abraham

Walkowitz, Abraham (1878)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
418 words

...Jewish Museum ( 1949 ). Failing eyesight, which began in his fifties, prevented Walkowitz from pursuing his profession in later life. A prodigious body of early work, however, indissolubly links him to the dance and choreography of Isadora Duncan. Walkowitz, Abraham . Isadora Duncan in Her Dances . Girard, Kansas, 1945. Werner, Alfred . Abraham Walker Rediscovered . American Artist 43 (August 1979): 54–59. Nancy Van Norman ...

Rodin, Auguste

Rodin, Auguste (12 November 1840)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
855 words

...also Artists and Dance , article on Artists and Dance, 1760–1929 . Elsen, Albert E. Rodin . New York, 1963. Elsen, Albert , and Kirk Varnedoe . The Drawings of Rodin . New York, 1971. Rodin, Auguste . Art . Translated by Mrs. Romilly Fedden . Boston, 1912. Nancy Van Norman ...

Angiolini, Gaspero

Angiolini, Gaspero (9 Feb. 1731)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
502 words

...dancers as well as an impeccable technique. He composed his works almost in the form of classical Greek tragedies with a limited number of soloists and a chorus. Unlike Noverre whose own narrative ballets were accompanied by lengthy explanatory programme notes, he supplied only a bare outline of the plot, insisting that the dancers' ‘silent speech’ was sufficiently eloquent to convey the material. In 1762 he left Vienna for a year to join Hilverding as assistant ballet master in St Petersburg and in 1766 succeeded him there as ballet master. He...

Dance of Death

Dance of Death   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,302 words

...New York, 1935. Manasse, Ernst M. The Dance Motive of the Latin Dance of Death . Medievalia et Humanistica 4 (1946): 83–103. McDonald, William C. On the Charnel House as a Poetic Motif: Villon and German Poetry on Death . Fifteenth-Century Studies 19 (1992): 101–145. Meyer-Baer, Kathi . Music of the Spheres and the Dance of Death . Princeton, 1970. Rosenfeld, Hellmut . Der mittelalterliche Totentanz: Entstehung, Entwicklung, Bedeutung . 2d ed. Cologne, 1954. Rowlandson, Thomas . Drawings for “The English Dance of Death.” San Marino, Calif., 1966....

Noguchi, Isamu

Noguchi, Isamu (17 November 1904)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
590 words

...Shaker furniture to eliminate all the nonessentials and arrive at an architectural essence of the stark American pioneer spirit. His set for Herodiade ( 1944 ) was more specifically sculptural—a chair, a mirror, a clothes rack, forms suggesting Salome's skeletal framework laid bare. Altogether Noguchi designed twenty settings for Graham, from 1935 to 1967 , many of which included props and pieces of jewelry that she blended into her choreographic symbolism. Among the most successful were Dark Meadow ( 1946 ), Cave of the Heart ( 1946 ), Errand into the...

Humphrey, Doris

Humphrey, Doris (17 Oct. 1895)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
526 words

...in Chicago and in 1913 began teaching ballroom dance. In 1917 she attended the Denishawn school in Los Angeles and was taken into the company where she danced until 1928 , when she left to found a school and company in New York with Weidman. Her own choreography was stripped bare of spectacle and virtuosity and was based on the principle of ‘dancing from the inside out’, i.e. devising movement specially to express specific emotional and physical states. While Graham's technique was based on the opposition of contraction and release, Humphrey's was based on...

Duncan, Isadora

Duncan, Isadora (26 May 1877)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
811 words

...She believed that the solar plexus was the source of all movement, and her dancing, unlike ballet, acknowledged gravity and the body's weight. Her vocabulary was composed of simple runs, skips, and jumps; large, expressive gestures and playful mime. She danced barelegged and with bare feet in loose, filmy tunics, and, rebelling against the prevailing view that great classical music was inappropriate for dance, she used the scores of Beethoven, Chopin, Mendelssohn, and Schubert, among others. Her professional career began as an actress in the troupe of Augustin...

Kirstein, Lincoln

Kirstein, Lincoln (4 May 1907)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
3,811 words

...in Review: Forty Years of the New York City Ballet . New York, 1977. Reynolds, Nancy . In His Image: Diaghilev and Lincoln Kirstein. In The Ballets Russes and Its World , edited by Nancy Baer and Lynn Garafola . New Haven, 1997. Russell, John . Lincoln Kirstein: A Life in Art . New York Times Magazine (20 June 1982). Schwartz, Sanford . An Aristocrat of Life and Culture. In Schwartz's The Art Presence . New York, 1982. Simmonds, Harvey . Lincoln Kirstein: The Published Writings, 1922–1977 . New York, 1978. Covers more than four hundred writings...

Green Table, The

Green Table, The   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
789 words

...The twisted rhetoric and sham obeisances of diplomatic intercourse soon deteriorate into physical aggression, and the scene ends abruptly with pistol shots and a sudden blackout. In the succeeding scenes, the stage is bare and the lighting dim; spotlights follow the action. Death first appears alone, a powerful presence snuffing out life under his stamping feet and arms like scyths. War and its effects are depicted in the next six scenes. While the characters are archetypal, the women and their fate are more individually portrayed than the men. Like an...

Designing For Dance

Designing For Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,901 words

...options for the look of the stage, it will derive from four basic categories: (1) bare stage; (2) dressed stage without apparent decor; (3) sculptural decor in space; and (4) traditional decor of illusionistic, painted, flat scenery. Practical, financial, and artistic considerations of contemporary taste can produce a stage that eschews noticeable scenery and costumes, relying primarily upon the effect of lighting and dancers in their essence. The first category, the bare stage, thought by some to be the desirable setting to experience dance in unalloyed...

Christianity and Dance

Christianity and Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
6,095 words

...rooted in pre-Christian philosophies, were elaborated by the scholastics. Their concepts of a heavenly hierarchy influenced Dante Aligheri's Commedia ( 1472 ), in which dance and music are depicted as the activities of the angels in the highest spheres of paradise (Meyer-Baer, 1970). In the visual arts, both the positive and the negative perspectives on dance were represented. In illustrations of Hell, the damned were depicted in grotesque versions of popular dances and steps—limbs flailing and bodies contorted—as demons delighted in their torment. A...

Ballets Russes De Serge Diaghilev

Ballets Russes De Serge Diaghilev   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
6,338 words

...The structure of the company was a function of its creative energy, which came entirely from him. There was no one with the necessary vision, knowledge, cunning, and ruthlessness to succeed him. [ Many of the figures and works herein are the subjects of independent entries .] Baer, Nancy Van Norman . The Art of Enchantment: Diaghilev's Ballets Russes , 1909–1929. San Francisco, 1988. Beaumont, Cyril W. The Diaghilev Ballet in London . 3d ed. London, 1951. Benois, Alexandre . Reminiscences of the Russian Ballet . Translated by Mary Britnieva . London,...

Weidman, Charles

Weidman, Charles (22 July 1901)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,254 words

...to move more freely; then, in a reminiscent fashion, he performs a few excerpts from the Humphrey-Weidman repertory while the members of the speaking chorus sum up the dance: “Then the modern creed it got him / And some think they / Might have shot him / As a leader / Of the bare / Foot and Soul.” Flickers ( 1942 ), an affectionate burlesque of silent motion pictures, was choreographed in a jerky style to approximate the movements of early moving pictures. The four scenes included in this dance were “Hearts Aflame,” a takeoff on the mortgage plot of Mary...

Diaghilev, Serge

Diaghilev, Serge (March 1872)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,378 words

...ballet would be far different. See also Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev ; Music for Dance , article on Western Music since 1900 ; Scenic Design ; and the entries on Bakst , Benois , Kochno , Massine , Nijinsky , Stravinsky , and other major figures mentioned herein. Baer, Nancy Van Norman , ed. The Art of Enchantment: Diaghilev's Ballets Russes . Exhibition catalog, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 3 December 1988–26 February 1989. San Francisco, 1988. Beaumont, Cyril W. Bookseller at the Ballet: Memoirs, 1891 to 1929, Incorporating “The...

Moiseyev, Igor

Moiseyev, Igor (January 1906)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,316 words

...this version Moiseyev reinterpreted the musical score, imparting to the historical plot a contemporary passion, temperament, and colorful, explosive rhythmic design. Polovtsian Dances enjoyed tremendous success all over the world. Moiseyev's work on the beautiful Night on the Bare Mountain , to the music of Modest Mussorgsky ( 1983 ), enjoyed similar success. The production synthesized classical music and ballet traditions with the rhythm and imagery of modern dance. Moiseyev has made a truly outstanding contribution to Soviet and world choreography....

Cameroon

Cameroon   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,168 words

...expansive, and vigorous. They involve much stamping, jumps, lifts, and acrobatics. The Adamawa group in the north are predominantly Muslim. Their dances tend to have a sensuality which belies their religious affiliation. In many, young girls dance while shaking their bare breasts; in others, the buttocks are shaken wildly. Male dances tend to be more solemn. The popular dances of this region include the laka, kege, yerwa, douroue, gangakouka, madai, guaemere, mbororo, za, labi, man , and patengue . A highly developed tradition of dance drama is...

Sleeping Beauty, the

Sleeping Beauty, the   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,450 words

...Maryinsky Theater Actor . Leningrad, 1941. Slonimsky, Yuri . P. I. Chaikovskii i baletnyi teatr ego vremeni . Moscow, 1956. Smakov, Gennady . Marius Petipa and the Creation of The Sleeping Beauty . In One Hundred Years of Russian Ballet, 1830–1930 , edited by Nancy Van Norman Baer . New York, 1989. Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich . Correspondence with P. I. Jurgensen . Moscow, 1952. Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich . Polnoe sobranie sochenii . Edited by Boris Asafiev . Moscow, 1955. Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich . To My Best Friend: Correspondence between Tchaikovsky and...

Gorsky, Aleksandr

Gorsky, Aleksandr (August 1871)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,239 words

...an antique dance pastorale. Immediately after the October Revolution, Gorsky began active work with the youth of the Bolshoi. In the summer of 1918 he staged a number of new productions at the theater of the Aquarium Garden: A Lyrical Poem to music by Glazunov, Night on the Bare Mountain to Mussorgsky, Spanish Sketches to Glinka's Night in Madrid and Jota Aragonesa, Tamara to Balakirev, and, most significantly, En Blanc to music from Tchaikovsky's Third Suite. This time Gorsky renounced plot and staged the dance to express the general mood of the...

Pueblo Dance

Pueblo Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,084 words

...others they wear moccasins. Women frequently carry evergreens and sometimes ears of corn in each hand. Silver and turquoise necklaces, bracelets, and pins are always part of women's festive attire. Male dancers wear white kilts with embroidered edges. For some dances the chest is bare except for body paint, and for others white shirts are worn. At the waist the male dancer generally wears bells, an embroidered sash, or a white sash with long fringe called a “rain sash”; a coyote skin hangs down his back. A gourd rattle is carried in the right hand along with...

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