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Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

Connell, Raewyn

Connell, Raewyn (1944–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
89 words

...Connell, Raewyn ( 1944– ) Australian sociologist , instrumental in the establishment of masculinity studies and of southern theory. Also known as R.W. Connell, she is a trans woman who transitioned late in life. She coined the phrase ‘hegemonic masculinity’ to account for the dominance of men and the force of masculinity as a determining logic of everyday life. She also coined the expression ‘patriarchal dividend’ to denote the privilege that automatically accrues to all men by virtue of being men. Her best-known work in the field is Masculinities (...

paternity suit

paternity suit   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
126 words

...marriages carries the taint of illegitimacy. For a long period in history and in many countries, paternity suits could therefore also act to give a certain legitimacy to a child. Paternity suits have become much easier with the advent of DNA testing which makes possible the establishment of genetic connections between...

bride price

bride price   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
108 words

...of African countries. It is distinct from the dowry , another form of payment in relation to women on marriage, and the trousseau, a practice in many western countries of an endowment given to women on marriage, either as payment to the husband’s family, or as part of the establishment of the bride and groom’s new household, or as a fall-back for the woman if she needs some independent...

civil partnership

civil partnership   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
118 words

...and putting homosexuals on the same public footing as heterosexuals, others argue against this. They regard such partnerships as reproductive of heterosexual relationship confirmations and, further, question whether or not the state should play a role at all in the establishment of recognized relationships. There have also been campaigns to enable heterosexual couples to have civil partnerships rather than get...

Anthony, Susan B.

Anthony, Susan B. (1820–1906)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
123 words

...entitled The Revolution , and, during the 1880s, co-wrote a six-volume History of Woman Suffrage . In 1872 Anthony was arrested and brought to trial for voting in her hometown of Rochester. Anthony also promoted women’s rights internationally and was involved in the establishment of the International Council of...

women’s writing

women’s writing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
145 words

...as Hélène Cixous and Julia Kristeva developed the theory of écriture féminine to describe the particularities that characterized a feminine style of writing. As theories of gender fluidity gained greater hold in the 1990s, écriture féminine became less prominent. The establishment of women’s writing as a field of literary studies enabled the exploration and flourishing of lesbian writing, Black women’s writing, diasporic writing by women, women’s (auto)biographies, and women’s theatre and poetry, all of which gained greater critical...

madness

madness   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
238 words

...madness A state of mental disorder or illness which can take many forms, such as chaotic or repetitive behaviour and being out of control. In the 1970s and 1980s, as part of the establishment of genealogies of women’s cultural production, a series of texts featuring supposedly mad women, ranging from Jane Eyre to the popular nineteenth-century novels of Wilkie Collins to Charlotte Perkin Gilman’s novella The Yellow Wallpaper , were rediscovered by feminist literature scholars who argued that going mad was a rational response to the oppressiveness of...

second-wave feminism

second-wave feminism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
195 words

...for housework , and the acknowledgment and prosecution of sexual harassment , rape in marriage and domestic violence , feminist activity in the period was highly successful in making women’s voices heard through protests, strikes, street marches, and demonstrations, the establishment of feminist journals, publishing houses, and pamphlets, and through political activism such as consciousness-raising . Under initial banners such as ‘sisterhood is global’ women sought to unite against men since they held most positions of decision-making and power. The...

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