You are looking at 1-20 of 25 entries  for:

  • All : Establishment x
  • Science and technology x
  • Mathematics and Computer Science x
clear all

View:

Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

TAI

TAI   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...a multiplicity of atomic clocks, coordinated through the US Naval Observatory. 1970 CIPM: ‘International Atomic Time (TAI) is the time reference coordinate established by the Bureau International de l'Heure on the basis of the readings of atomic clocks operating in various establishments in accordance with the definition of the second, the unit of time of the International System of Units.’ 1971 14th CGPM: ‘ considering that the second, unit of time of the International System of Units, has since 1967 been defined in terms of a natural atomic frequency,...

ph

ph   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...ph Abbreviation for phonebook, phs are found in many educational establishment sites containing directories of...

IP

IP   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... ( Internet Protocol ) The basic communications protocol in TCP/IP networks for relaying data across network boundaries. Its routing function allows internetworking , and is fundamental to the establishment of the...

Easter egg hunt

Easter egg hunt   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Easter egg hunt A project set by a teacher in a higher education establishment which asks students to find some information that has been hidden on the World Wide Web . Such an activity provides training in the use of search engines...

distance learning

distance learning   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...distance learning The use of educational materials such as television programmes, books, and tapes to study a course at a distant educational establishment. Internet technology such as the World Wide Web , conferencing , and email is being used in a major way both to supplement and replace some of these traditional...

standardization

standardization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...1. The establishment of an international, national, or industrial agreement concerning the specification or production of components—electrical, electronic, or software—or equipment in general, or of procedures for the use or testing of equipment or software. 2. The act of committing an organization to use specific standards to meet particular needs whenever they arise within the organization. Typically an organization might standardize upon use of a specific compiler for some language, some specific application package, or a particular database...

Colossus

Colossus   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...An electronic special-purpose digital “computer” that was built in great secrecy by the Post Office Research Station in London and began useful work at the government establishment at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire, in late 1943 . It contained 1500 vacuum tubes (valves) and could operate at high speed. The strategy or ‘program’ was controlled from patchboards and switches. The faster Mark II machines, operating by mid- 1944 , contained 2500 tubes. Both versions were used for code-breaking purposes during World War...

mainframe computer

mainframe computer   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...computing in which the processing power and storage associated with an enterprise's applications is distributed among a large number of smaller computers connected by some networking technology. Mainframe computers are still found in some companies and in large scientific establishments...

Cantor, Georg

Cantor, Georg (1845–1918)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Georg ( Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp ) ( 1845–1918 ) Mathematician responsible for the establishment of set theory and for profound developments in the notion of the infinite. He was born in St Petersburg, but spent most of his life at the University of Halle in Germany. In 1873 , he showed that the set of rational numbers is denumerable. He also showed that the set of real numbers is not. Later he fully developed his theory of infinite sets and so-called transfinite numbers. The latter part of his life was clouded by repeated mental...

domain name

domain name   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...domain . Domain names are read from right to left and become progressively more specific as you proceed leftwards. There are a series of top-level domain names each of which categorizes the domain: for example, edu stands for an educational establishment in the United States, mil stands for a military establishment, and net is used for a major network support centre. There are also a number of top-level domains associated with countries: for example, uk refers to the United Kingdom and fr refers to France. Internet users come into contact with domains in...

Stretch

Stretch   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...arithmetic if required. Addressing was down to the bit over a two-million word memory. It was capable of variable word length working and, in fact, almost anything that could be expected of hardware. A limited number of 7030s were built for atomic energy and similar research establishments...

Jenkins, Gwilym Meirion

Jenkins, Gwilym Meirion (1933–82)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

.... Jenkins was both an undergraduate and a post-graduate of UCL, gaining his PhD (supervised by Johnson ) in 1956 . His knowledge of the theoretical side of the analysis of time series was augmented by practical insights gained from two years at the Royal Aircraft Establishment. In 1957 he joined the Statistics faculty at IC. From 1965 to 1974 he was Professor of Systems Engineering at Lancaster U. He was co-author with Box of the influential 1970 book Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control , which set out what is now referred to as...

ecommerce site builder

ecommerce site builder   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...including: the setting up of pages containing basic details of a business, the construction of a catalogue, the creation of a shopping cart facility, the insertion of banner adverts , the insertion of hit counters and programs which monitor the number of hits, the establishment of security controls including the process of obtaining a digital certificate , the development of links to other software such as a spreadsheet, the downloading of the site to a Web server , and the registration of the site with a number of search engines...

Cox, Sir David Roxbee

Cox, Sir David Roxbee (1924–  )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Sir David Roxbee ( 1924–   ; b. Birmingham, England ) English statistician knighted for his services to Statistics. Cox was an undergraduate at Cambridge U and gained his doctorate at Leeds U. After employment in the Royal Aircraft Establishment and the Wool Industries Research Establishment, he took on successive academic posts at Cambridge U ( 1950 ). Birkbeck College, London ( 1955 ), and IC ( 1966 ). From 1989 to 1994 he was Warden of Nuffield College, Oxford. He was Editor of Biometrika from 1965 to 1991 . He was the IMS Rietz Lecturer ...

Internet history

Internet history   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...connected to ARPANET and the TCP-IP protocol set had become stable. In the late 1970s the US National Science Foundation, the major funding agency for research in the United States, decided to develop their own network which would connect US universities and research establishments. This network, named NSFNet , used the TCP-IP protocol from the start. It was a huge success and was immediately overloaded. In 1991 the US congress passed a bill authorizing a network known as the NREN network. This was a successor to NSFNET and was intended to be its ...

Easter egg hunt

Easter egg hunt  

A project set by a teacher in a higher education establishment which asks students to find some information that has been hidden on the World Wide Web. Such an activity provides training in the use ...
audiographic teleconferencing

audiographic teleconferencing  

A form of teleconference which involves both the establishment of an audio link and a visual link via a shared white board.
ph

ph  

Abbreviation for phonebook. phs are found in many educational establishment sites containing directories of staff. Such listings are similar to those associated with Finger and have often been the ...
Colossus

Colossus  

An electronic special-purpose digital “computer” that was built in great secrecy by the Post Office Research Station in London and began useful work at the government establishment at Bletchley Park, ...
Gwilym Meirion Jenkins

Gwilym Meirion Jenkins  

(1933–82; b. Gowerton, Wales; d. Lancaster, England)Welsh statistician. Jenkins was a graduate of UCL, gaining his BSc in 1953 and his PhD in 1956. His knowledge of the theoretical side of the ...

View: