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Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

Building Research Establishment

Building Research Establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Research Establishment ( BRE ) An independent consultancy that specializes in undertaking work in the built environment. www.bre.co.uk Web-link details the official...

Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology

Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Energy Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology ( BREEAM ) An environmental assessment method for buildings aimed at promoting sustainable development . Factors assessed include the energy and water use, the working and living environment, the materials used, and the environmental impact of the building. The method considers building stock properties rather than behavioural factors....

BRE Digests

BRE Digests   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Digests Technical journals on specific topics produced by the Building Research Establishment...

setting out

setting out   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...out ( marking out ) The establishment of temporary marks, steel pins, and wooden pegs to show where the building or structure is to be...

information paper

information paper   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...paper ( IP ) Paper published by the Building Research Establishment (BRE). www.bre.co.uk. • BRE provide publications, research, and consultancy on various aspects of building and...

overheads

overheads   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... ( administrative charges , establishment charge , on-costs ) The operating costs of the company. The head office, management, administration charges, and the costs of offices that are used to operate the company and are charged proportionally to each contract, or at a flat rate per...

grid

grid   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...1. The establishment of points of reference on-site to mark out a network from which other coordinates and lines can be set. 2. Distribution network for electricity, gas, and communications across the country. 3. Horizontal and vertical reference lines marked at regular intervals on...

temporary benchmark

temporary benchmark   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the site. Using automatic levels , the temporary benchmark can check ground levels, excavation levels, and heights of structures etc. The height of the temporary benchmark is established by calculating its level in relation to an ordnance benchmark , which is a permanent establishment with a known...

energy performance ratio

energy performance ratio (buildings)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Energy Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...and its carbon dioxide emissions to the relevant building regulations’ compliant standards. Its aim is to reduce the operational energy demand in buildings, and hence the primary energy consumption and CO 2 emissions, and is part of a BREEAM ( see building research establishment environmental assessment methodology )...

distillery

distillery   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...distillery A facility or establishment that involves the process of distillation . Scotch whisky is produced in a distillery in which malted barley is fermented to alcohol (ethanol) and then distilled to a higher concentration. An industrial distillery uses other grains as the raw material, such as maize or wheat, to produce neutral spirit that is also used for making gin and vodka. ...

hydraulics

hydraulics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...to describe the synthesis between conceptions of hydrostatics and hydraulics. Many other scientists have subsequently developed the subject area using Newtonian dynamics and differential calculus to describe the flow in pipes and channels, leading to many key concepts and the establishment of theorems including vortex motion, fluid resistance, airfoils, meteorological fronts, and statistical approaches to turbulence. ...

engineering

engineering   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...we know today originated from military engineering that involved machines of war. Civil engineering was therefore the first engineering discipline to be identified for the design of structures such as bridges, buildings, and roads for civilian and non-military purposes. The establishment of mechanical engineering was also to follow in the early nineteenth century. The discipline of chemical engineering was developed during the Industrial Revolution through the development of industrial-scale chemical plants outside of the realms of applied chemistry. By...

telephony

telephony   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...is also connected to the public telephone system and is known as a private branch exchange : it is either a PABX (private automatic branch exchange) or PMBX (private manual branch exchange). The public telephone system is organized in such a way as to facilitate the establishment of telephone channels. It consists of a large number of local exchanges that are switching stations where subscribers’ lines terminate and where facilities exist for interconnection of local lines or for connection to the trunk (long-distance) network. Local exchanges are...

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