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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

Establishment, The

Establishment, The   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., The A term long used to denote in particular the established church of england , but now a popular designation for the group or class of people who have authority within a society, especially, in Britain, those who control not only the Church of England but the government, the civil service and the armed forces. It has a somewhat derogatory significance associated with reaction, privilege and ‘stuffiness’. By the ‘Establishment’ I do not mean only the centres of official power – though they are certainly part of it – but rather the whole matrix...

Establishment, the

Establishment, the   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., the a group in a society exercising power and influence over matters of policy or taste, and seen as resisting change. The term is recorded intermittently from the 1920s, but in British English derives its current use from an article by the journalist Henry Fairlie in the Spectator of 1955...

Establishment, The

Establishment, The   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of London Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., The An ironically named club founded in 1961 by Peter Cook ( 1937–95 ) and Nicholas Luard ( 1937–2004 ). Based at 18 Greek Street, Soho , the Establishment became a hot-bed of the anti-establishment satire boom of that era. It closed in 1964...

Establishment, The

Establishment, The   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...exercised … the ‘Establishment’ can be seen at work in the activities of, not only the Prime Minister, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl Marshal, but of such lesser mortals as the Chairman of the Arts Council, the Director-General of the BBC, and even the editor of the Times Literary Supplement , not to mention dignitaries like Lady Violet Bonham Carter . henry fairlie : in The Spectator ( 23 September 1955 ) In the early 1960s, Peter Cook 's ironically named London club The Establishment became a hot-bed of the anti-Establishment satire boom of...

North

North   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by pleading parliamentary privilege. Northeast Passage, The A hoped-for route to the east round the north extremity of Asia. It was first attempted by Sir Hugh Willoughby ( d. c. 1554 ) and Richard Chancellor ( d.1556 ) in 1553–4 , and its only practical result was the establishment of the Muscovy Company ( 1555 ). The passage was traversed by the Swedish explorer Nils Nordenskjöld in 1879 . Northern Bear, The An old nickname for Russia. In political cartoons the former USSR was often depicted as a bear. Northern gate of the sun, The The sign of cancer...

whale

whale   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English Idioms (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...a whale of a — an extremely good example of a particular thing. informal 1993 Chicago Tribune This stuffed-shirt epitome of the East Coast Establishment of his day had a whale of a time at Chicago's World's...

halfway

halfway   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English Idioms (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...a halfway house 1 a compromise. 2 the halfway point in a progression. 3 a place where ex-prisoners, mental patients, etc. can stay while they become reaccustomed to normal life. In the late 18th century, a halfway house was an inn or other establishment halfway between two places or at the midpoint of a journey. meet someone halfway: see meet...

head

head   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English Idioms (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...I win, tails you lose I win whatever happens. heads will roll there will be some people dismissed or disgraced. 1975 Sam Selvon Moses Ascending It appears he went back for reinforcements, and is returning to make some drastic changes in the administration of the Establishment. Heads will roll, they say. hold ( or put) a gun ( or a pistol) to someone's head: see hold . hold your head (up) high be confident or unashamed. keep ( or lose) your head remain ( or fail to remain) calm. 1990 Time He claims that Quayle rises to the challenge,...

Porton Down

Porton Down   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Down the British Ministry of Defence's chemical and biological research establishment near Salisbury in...

Minerva Press

Minerva Press   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of London Phrase & Fable

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Press A printing establishment in Leadenhall Street that was famous in the late 18th century for its trashy and sentimental novels, characterized by complicated...

Lancaster House Agreement

Lancaster House Agreement   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...House Agreement an agreement which brought about the establishment of the independent state of Zimbabwe, reached in September 1979 at Lancaster House in...

Butlin's

Butlin's   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...popular holiday camps founded by Sir William (‘Billy’) Butlin ( 1899–1980 ) in 1936 at Skegness, taken as the type of an establishment offering organized leisure and...

antidisestablishmentarianism

antidisestablishmentarianism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...opposition to the establishment of the Church of England as the recognized national Church. The word is very occasionally found in genuine use, but is most often cited as an example of a very long...

military-industrial complex

military-industrial complex   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...complex a country's military establishment and those industries producing arms or other military materials, regarded as a powerful vested interest. The term derives from a speech by US President Eisenhower in 1961...

Aldermaston

Aldermaston   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...a village near Reading in southern England, site of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. From 1958 to 1963 a march between Aldermaston and London took place each year in protest against the development and production of nuclear...

Parkhurst

Parkhurst   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...a top-security British prison at Newport on the Isle of Wight, which was initially opened in 1838 as a model penal establishment for young offenders, taking boys who were later to be transported from the hulks at...

Circumlocution Office

Circumlocution Office   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Office the type of a government department, satirized in Dickens's Little Dorrit ( 1857 ), in which the establishment is shown as run purely for the benefit of its incompetent and obstructive officials, typified by the Barnacle...

Masorah, the

Masorah, the   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the the collection of information and comment on the text of the traditional Hebrew Bible by the Masoretes , Jewish scholars of the 6th to 10th centuries ad who contributed to the establishment of a recognized text of the Hebrew Bible, with pointing and accents to indicate its pronunciation, and to the compilation of the Masorah...

Smithsonian Institution

Smithsonian Institution   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Institution a US foundation for education and scientific research in Washington DC, opened in 1846 and now responsible for administering many museums, art galleries, and other establishments. It originated in a £100,000 bequest in the will of the English chemist and mineralogist James Smithson ( 1765–1829...

Solemn League and Covenant

Solemn League and Covenant   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...League and Covenant an agreement made in 1643 between the English Parliament and the Scottish Covenanters during the English Civil War, by which the Scots would provide military aid in return for the establishment of a Presbyterian system in England, Scotland, and...

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