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Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

secondary identification

secondary identification n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...identification n . In psychoanalysis , identification ( 2 ) occurring after the establishment of an object-relationship . See primary identification...

counselling

counselling n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...advice-giving, but the dominant ethos is one of providing facilitation without directive guidance. Counselling psychologists work with individuals, couples, and families in a variety of settings, including counselling agencies, general practitioners’ surgeries, educational establishments, business organizations, and private practice. US counseling . See assertiveness training , client-centred therapy , co-counselling , disaster counselling , educational psychology , genetic counselling , Gestalt therapy , marriage counselling , offender...

political correctness

political correctness n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...to him as African American. See also ableism , fattism , herstory , heterosexism . politically correct adj . PC abbrev . [Coined by the US journalist Elinor Langer (born 1939 ) in the New York Times in 1984 , alluding to social conventions in the liberal establishment...

genital stage

genital stage n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...where he suggested that its roots lie in childhood: ‘The only difference lies in the fact that in childhood the combination of the component instincts and their subordination under the primacy of the genitals have been effected only very incompletely or not at all. Thus the establishment of that primacy in the service of reproduction is the last phase through which the organization of sexuality passes’ ( Standard Edition , VII, pp. 130–243, at p. 199). Also called the genital phase . See also genital character , genital love , pregenital...

psychophysics

psychophysics n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...them. It is concerned partly with the determination of absolute thresholds and difference thresholds , using variations of three classical methods called the method of constant stimuli , the method of limits , and the method of average error , and partly with the establishment of psychophysical functions and psychophysical scales . Among its greatest achievements are Weber’s law , Fechner's law , and the power law , and one of its most important modern forms is signal detection theory. See also absolute error , ABX paradigm , catch...

psychology

psychology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...the mind. Many textbooks define psychology simply as the study of behaviour, or the science of behaviour, but that too is to exclude much of psychology: the study of cognition , for example, is concerned with behaviour only indirectly, as evidence of mental processes. The establishment of psychology as an independent discipline, separate from the disciplines of philosophy and biology from which it emerged, is attributable to the German psychologist Wilhelm (Max) Wundt ( 1832–1920 ), who stated in the opening sentence of his book Principles of...

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