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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

EUROCONTROL

EUROCONTROL  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The International Convention relating to Cooperation for the Safety of Air Navigation of 13 December 1960 (523 U.N.T.S. 117) provided for the establishment of a European system organized jointly by ...
EUTELSAT

EUTELSAT  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Agreement on the constitution of a provisional telecommunications satellite organization ‘Interim EUTELSAT’ (text in 11 Annals of Air and Space Law 416 (1986)) provided for the establishment in ...
Monetary Gold Case

Monetary Gold Case  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(Italy v. France, United Kingdom, and United States) 1954 I.C.J. Rep. 19. Part III of the Agreement on Reparation from Germany, on the Establishment of an Inter-Allied Reparation Agency and ...
diplomatic relations

diplomatic relations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Diplomatic relations between two States exist when they have so agreed, usually involving the establishment in each other's country of, and the conduct of their bilateral international relations ...
dissolution of State

dissolution of State  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The establishment of one or more new States on territory formerly belonging to the predecessor State, usually in the form of a union or federation of States and bringing about ...
Peacebuilding Commission

Peacebuilding Commission  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The U.N. World Summit of 14–16 September 2005 proposed the establishment of a peacebuilding commission to address in the round the special needs of countries emerging from conflict: General Assembly ...
permanent mission

permanent mission  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Since the establishment of the United Nations, Member States have developed the practice of setting up permanent missions at the seat of the organization. In General Assembly Res. 257 (III) ...
Elements of Crime

Elements of Crime  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Res. F of the Final Act of the U.N. Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court of 17 July 1998 (U.N. Doc. A/CONF.183/10) established the ...
Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States

Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Following a number of earlier resolutions, including in particular the Declaration and Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order of 1 May 1974 (Res. 3201 ...
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Following some years of discussions between the Government of Cambodia and the United Nations, and the enactment in 2002 by Cambodia of the Law on the Establishment of Extraordinary Chambers ...
Military Staff Committee

Military Staff Committee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Art. 47 of the U.N. Charter required the establishment of a Military Staff Committee, consisting of the Chiefs of Staff of the permanent members of the Security Council, ‘to advise ...
migration of workers

migration of workers   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
226 words

... I Oppenheim's International Law, 897 and 898 . But see Establishment of Foreign Workers Case (1969) 38 I.L.R. 261 in which a distinction was drawn between the right of residence and the right of establishment. The free movement of workers and the right of establishment for all citizens of the European Union within other Member States of the Union are fundamental elements of the single market established within the Union. See art. 39 (free movement of workers) and art. 43 (freedom of establishment) of the Consolidated Text of the Treaty Establishing the...

Intersputnik

Intersputnik   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
134 words

...The name given to the international system of communications via satellites established in the Soviet bloc by the Agreement on the Establishment of the ‘Intersputnik’ International System and Organization of Space Communications of 15 November 1971 ( 862 U.N.T.S. 3 ) which entered into force 12 July 1972 . The basic function of Intersputnik was to ‘ensure cooperation and coordination of efforts in the design, establishment, operation and development of the communications system’ (art. 1(2). It coordinates its activities with the International...

Bassiouni, Cherif

Bassiouni, Cherif (1937– )   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
154 words

.... Member and Chairman of the U.N. Commission to Investigate International Humanitarian Law Violations in the former Yugoslavia ( 1992 ). Vice-Chairman of the U.N. General Assembly's Committee for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court ( 1995–1998 ). He was Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the 1998 Diplomatic Conference on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1999 and was awarded the Hague Prize for International Law in 2007 . His works include International Extradition:...

EUTELSAT

EUTELSAT   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
139 words

...a provisional telecommunications satellite organization ‘Interim EUTELSAT’ (text in 11 Annals of Air and Space Law 416 (1986) ) provided for the establishment in 1986 between European telecommunications administrations of a provisional organization, pending the working out of the final organization, for operating commercial satellite telecommunications systems. The Interim EUTELSAT was to ensure the establishment, operation, and maintenance of the space segments of satellite telecommunications systems and to conclude the necessary agreements to that end,...

prize courts

prize courts   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
165 words

...Every State is, however, bound by International Law to enact only such statutes and regulations for its Prize Courts as are in conformity with International Law’: II Oppenheim 482–485 . The Hague Convention relative to the Establishment of an International Prize Court of 18 October 1907 ( 205 C.T.S. 381 ) provided for the establishment of an International Prize Court, but the Convention failed of ratification. See Scott , Prize Cases Decided in the United States Supreme Court 1789 – 1918 ( 1923...

Axis powers

Axis powers   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
142 words

...Axis powers, Germany, Italy, and Japan entered into a military alliance by virtue of the Tripartite Pact on 27 September 1940 . The Pact provided for the recognition by Japan of German and Italian leadership ‘in the establishment of a new order in Europe’ (art. 1) and the recognition by Germany of Japanese leadership ‘in the establishment of a new order in Greater East Asia’ (art. 2). The three Powers agreed to cooperate and assist one another in case of attack: art. 3. Other States signatory to the Pact included Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, the Kingdom of...

Sic et simpliciter

Sic et simpliciter adv.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
71 words

... sēk āt sēmplē´kētār . sik et simpli´sitɜr . adv. “Thus and simply.” Without further complication or elaboration. E.g. , “[T]he principle of fiscal territoriality, which the court has recognised in respect of the rules on free movement of persons and freedom of establishment, cannot be transposed sic et simpliciter to freedom of services.” Opinion of Advocate General Tesauro, Safir v. Skattemyndigheten I Dalarnas Län , [ 1998 ] 3 C.M.L.R. 739, 754, ¶...

UNMOT

UNMOT   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
98 words

...to under the Agreement on a Temporary Ceasefire and the Cessation of Other Hostile Acts on the Tajik–Afghan Border of 17 September 1974 . UNMOT's mandate was expanded by Res. 1138 ( 1997 ) of 14 November 1997 to assist in the execution of the General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan 27 June 1997...

London Proces-Verbal on the Rules of Submarine Warfare

London Proces-Verbal on the Rules of Submarine Warfare   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
76 words

...protect merchant ships from unrestricted submarine attack. Germany, one of the 39 parties, justified its unrestricted submarine attacks during World War II on the basis that they were legitimate reprisals and that the British merchant fleet was integrated into its military establishment...

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