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Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

establishment

establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...establishment > stablishment ...

Fortune Theatre

Fortune Theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
133 words

...is probably the southernmost English-speaking professional theatre in the world. A century after the gold rush in Otago led to the establishment of early Dunedin theatre, Patric and Rosalie Carey 's Globe Theatre made a unique contribution to New Zealand theatre, especially through the plays of James K. Baxter , yet the Fortune's professional predecessor, the Southern Theatre Trust, foundered in 1970 . From its establishment, the Fortune's intention was to produce New Zealand plays, contemporary drama and classics. Dunedin's audiences have, therefore,...

Arts Lab[oratory]

Arts Lab[oratory]   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
75 words

... Jim Haynes in London's Drury Lane two years after he left the Traverse in Edinburgh. The Pip Simmons Theatre , the People Show , Portable Theatre and Freehold all sprang from this informal, chaotic set-up inspired by the American underground. The Arts Lab inspired the establishment of a new fringe network after its demise. Colin Chambers J. Haynes , Thanks for Coming ...

Berghof, Herbert

Berghof, Herbert (13 Sept. 1909)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
121 words

...), and was introduced to Broadway in 1940 , when he co-directed and acted in Reunion in New York . He directed the first US production of Beckett 's Waiting for Godot ( 1956 ). He is best known as a distinguished teacher of acting. After teaching at several important establishments he founded the Herbert Berghof Studio in 1945 (which he co-directed with his wife, Uta Hagen ), and the HB Playwrights Foundation in 1946 . Laurie...

Fogerty, Elsie

Fogerty, Elsie (1865)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
104 words

...School of Speech Training and Dramatic Art (later the Central School of Speech and Drama). She tutored numerous great British actors, including Laurence Olivier and Peggy Ashcroft , and had a profound influence on the theatre. She was an indefatigable campaigner for the establishment of a National Theatre. Adriana Hunter Marion Cole , The Life of Elsie Fogerty CBE ...

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
101 words

...Center for the Performing Arts President Eisenhower signed a decree in 1958 providing for the establishment of a national cultural centre, and following the assassination of President Kennedy the project was renamed after him as the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The centre opened in 1971 in Washington DC, housing three auditoriums in one building, designed by Edward Durell Stone . The Concert Hall seats 2,750, the Opera House 2,300 and the Eisenhower Theatre 1,140. There are also three small auditoriums. Its guiding spirit was...

Printemps, Yvonne

Printemps, Yvonne (25 July 1895)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
154 words

...in a revue , Nue, Cocotte!! ( 1908 ). She stayed in revue until 1916 when she joined a company directed by Sacha Guitry , whom she married in 1918 . This match with the brilliant son of one of France's leading actors (Lucien-Germain) brought her into the theatrical establishment, and Guitry, with his skills as writer, director and actor, transformed her from a follies soubrette into a star comedienne. At the height of her success, in 1932 , she left him for a young actor, Pierre Fresnay . She played the lead in Noël Coward 's Conversation Piece ...

Thompson, Sam

Thompson, Sam (21 May 1916)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
170 words

...Playwright ; artistic godfather to a generation of Belfast playwrights. His Over the Bridge ( 1960 ) succeeded in putting sectarian violence at centre stage for the first time in the city's sparse theatrical history, and against formidable opposition from the whole Unionist establishment. The play's setting is the Belfast shipyard in which Thompson had worked as a painter for over 20 years before trying his hand at radio scripts, and then stage plays. The Over the Bridge controversy and triumph turned him into a campaigning public figure, a role he relished,...

Mark Taper Forum

Mark Taper Forum   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
135 words

...Taper Forum The semicircular auditorium, with a pentagonal thrust stage and a seating capacity of 760, which forms part of the Music Center of Los Angeles County in downtown Los Angeles, California. Named after the benefactor who provided the funds for its establishment, the Forum has since 1967 been the home of the Center Theatre Group, a non-profit organization created in 1959 by the University of California (Los Angeles) Extension and a number of committed individuals, and dedicated to a repertory of classical and modern plays as well as world...

Bruce, Lenny

Bruce, Lenny (13 Oct. 1935)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
142 words

...who arrested him often on drugs and blasphemy charges – drove him to a form of comedy based not on jokes but on autobiography of the most painful and shocking kind. He was banned from performing in Britain in 1964 , but, after he died of a drugs overdose, he became an anti-establishment symbol of his times, beyond the cult following he already enjoyed. His autobiography, How to Talk Dirty and Influence People , appeared in 1965 and a collection of his sketches, The Essential Lenny Bruce , in 1973 . He inspired later generations of comics and a play, ...

Gélinas, Gratien

Gélinas, Gratien (8 Dec. 1909)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
159 words

...Gratien (b. Saint-Tite, Canada , 8 Dec. 1909 ; d. Oka, nr Montreal , 16 March 1999 ) French-Canadian playwright , director and actor . Gélinas was a major pioneer in the establishment of modern Quebec theatre, the birth of which is usually dated from the performance of his best-known play, Tit-Coq (‘Little rooster’), on 22 May 1948 , with the author in the title role. He already had long experience in radio and satirical revues, and this experience was central to his success. Founder of the Comédie Canadienne in 1958 , he continued to direct,...

Melbourne

Melbourne   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
288 words

...It was also at this time, as the theatre historian Harold Love has noted, that ‘the press set standards for the rest of the continent and made theatre the focus of furious disputes between ideologically committed critics.’ In spite of the still discernible presence of an ‘establishment’ in the city, and a residual puritanism in some areas, Melbourne remains notable for its continuing tradition of experimental, avant-garde theatre. For a time, companies such as Australian Nouveau Theatre and The Church Theatre flourished; subsequently, organizations such as...

third theatre

third theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
703 words

... theatre that is consciously in search of innovative techniques. Belonging to neither of these categories, the new theatre follows a third path. The second metaphor is that of the ghetto. Separated from the subsidized theatre and the art theatre, cut off from educational establishments, deliberately and of necessity auto-didactic, third theatre groups exist in a separate, alternative world of individual group training, occasional performances, often based in rural or poor urban communities, and meetings with other, similar groups in the network of...

Queensland Theatre Company

Queensland Theatre Company   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
233 words

...occurred, and the dropping of the ‘Royal’ epithet coincided with a change in the artistic direction of the company under successive directors Aubrey Mellor , Robyn Nevin and the playwright Michael Gow . An annual production of a play by a Queensland playwright and the establishment of the George Landen Dann Award raised the profile of the state's dramatists and indicated a commitment to new Australian work, while continuing with a repertoire that included contemporary American and British drama, and classics from the European theatre. Michael...

Bennett, Alan

Bennett, Alan (9 May 1934)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
206 words

...Alan (b. Leeds , 9 May 1934 ) Playwright and actor . After his early success in the revue Beyond the Fringe ( 1960 ), Bennett's first play was a satirical celebration of the English establishment ( Forty Years On , 1965 ). Subsequent stage successes include a rumbustious seaside farce, Habeas Corpus ( 1973 ), and the more cerebral The Old Country ( 1973 ). Enjoy ( 1980 ) and Kafka's Dick ( 1986 ) were followed by Single Spies ( 1988 ) and The Madness of George III ( 1991 , later filmed), both staged by the National Theatre . His...

Entertainments National Service Association

Entertainments National Service Association   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
197 words

...was parodied by ex-ENSA member Peter Nichols in Privates on Parade ( 1977 ). ENSA, along with its civilian counterpart CEMA , the BBC and initiatives such as the Army Bureau of Current Affairs Play Unit, focused a public appetite for theatre and the arts that led to the establishment of state cultural funding through the Arts Council , though with a narrower approach than ENSA. Colin Chambers Basil Dean , The Theatre at War (1955) R. Fawkes , Fighting for a Laugh: Entertaining the British and American Armed Forces, 1939–45 ...

Paris

Paris   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
533 words

...particularly to the establishment by Louis XIV in 1680 of the Comédie-Française , which continues to provide a programme of Molière, Racine and other seventeenth- and eighteenth-century classics. The twentieth century benefited from the boom in Paris theatres along Haussmann's grands boulevards following the removal of restrictions by Napoleon III in 1864 , and a tradition of highly professional commercial drama has continued. Artistically, however, the most important development for the twentieth century was the establishment of the new naturalist...

live art

live art   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
526 words

...important national funding body for independent artists' activity. Its subsequent predominance, and its gradual comprehension outside of Britain, have been encouraged by the establishment of the Live Art Archives at < http://art.ntu.ac.uk/liveart > (where, incidentally, a range of artists' definitions of the term may be found), and the academic mailbase, the Live Art List; the establishment of the journal Live Art Magazine ; its employment in a range of internationally read theoretical publications; and, no less important, its own breadth, flexibility and, some...

Hill, Errol

Hill, Errol (5 Aug. 1921)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
382 words

...Ensemble Company in New York in 1969 . As drama tutor at the Extra-Mural Department of the University (College) of the West Indies ( UWI ) in Jamaica from 1953 to 1958 , Hill travelled the region, actively encouraging the development of theatre through workshops, the establishment of theatre companies, productions, collective creation, and the collection and publication of plays. In 1962 Hill moved back to Trinidad. Working with the carnival Dimanche Gras shows, he developed his theory of a theatre based on the folk festivals of the region, which...

Actors' Studio Free Theater at Raw Space

Actors' Studio Free Theater at Raw Space   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
311 words

...three-year postgraduate programme for actors, directors and playwrights, inspired by a programme that had been offered at the New School in the 1940s under the leadership of Erwin Piscator . Initial expectations were well exceeded, and the success of the programme led to the establishment of a unique theatre on 42nd Street, which matches its political and artistic audacity by being free. Dramatic theatre had been squeezed out of Broadway by the influx of British musicals, and the smaller theatres, which in the 1960s and 1970s had been able to be take risks,...

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