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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

Kresnik, Johann

Kresnik, Johann (12 Dec. 1939)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
97 words

..., and director . He studied at the ballet school of Graz Theatre, and joined the company in 1959 , moving to Bremen ( 1960 ) and then Cologne ( 1962 ). From 1968 to 1979 he was ballet master at the Bremen theatre and created numerous works, many with powerful, anti-establishment messages, including PIGasUS ( 1970 ). He was then in Heidelberg ( 1980–89 ), back in Bremen as director of his own company ( 1989–94 ), and finally in Berlin. He has also worked freelance as choreographer and theatre...

Norway

Norway   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
101 words

...Norway Classical ballet activity in Norway dates back to the formation of the Ny Norsk Ballett in 1945 which evolved into the Norwegian National Ballet . Modern dance did not take root until the late 1980s and 90s with the establishment of a small number of groups including Carte Blanche in Oslo (now based in Bergen) and Kreutzerkompani, in Bergen. One of the best known of these is the Jo Strømgren Kompani founded by Stromgren and Agnes Kroepelien in loose association with the Bergen International Theatre in 1998 . Producing mixed-media works that...

Choreartium

Choreartium   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
109 words

...the Alhambra Theatre, London, with Baronova, Danilova, Riabouchinska, Verchinina, Zorina, Jasinski, Lichine, Petrov, and Shabelevski. An abstract choreographic response to Brahms's 4th Symphony, it was the second of Massine's ‘symphonic’ ballets, and considered by the musical establishment to be sacrilegious in its appropriation, for dance, of a classic score. Massine revived it in Buenos Aires in 1959 and again in Edinburgh in 1960 . Birmingham Royal Ballet mounted a major revival in 1991 , staged by Tatiana Leskova after...

Richardson, Philip J. S.

Richardson, Philip J. S. (17 Mar. 1875)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
140 words

...Feb. 1963 ) British writer and editor . He transformed Dancing Times into a major dance magazine when he became its editor in 1910 , remaining there as editor and critic until 1957 . During the magazine's early years he campaigned vigorously within its pages for the establishment of a national ballet. In 1920 he was co-founder of the Royal Academy of Dancing (initially called the Association of Operatic Dancing in Great Britain), and in 1930 founded the Camargo Society with Haskell . He also established the Official Board of Ballroom Dancing and...

symphonic ballets

symphonic ballets   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
147 words

...4th, 1933 ), and Symphonie fantastique (Berlioz, 1936 ). Massine claimed to express the form and content of the music through pure dance, though some dramatic elements of character and symbolism were also conveyed. His use of symphonic scores outraged members of the music establishment who argued that they had not been written for dance, even though Massine was not the first choreographer to use symphonic music. Duncan had performed to Beethoven's 7th in New York, 1908; Gorsky had choreographed Glazunov's 5th, Moscow, 1915; and Lopukhov had set Beethoven's...

Royal New Zealand Ballet

Royal New Zealand Ballet   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
235 words

...Royal New Zealand Ballet New Zealand's national ballet company. Prior to its establishment there was little ballet activity. In 1953 Poul Gnatt founded the small Auckland based troupe New Zealand Ballet, which transferred to Wellington and under Gnatt's direction toured extensively for ten years. Gnatt produced many ballets from the Danish repertory but subsequent directors, including Russell Kerr ( 1962–1968 ) and Harry Haythorne ( 1982–1992 ), introduced a wider international repertory including works by New Zealand and Australian choreographers while guest...

Maré, Rolf de

Maré, Rolf de (9 May 1888)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
183 words

...Börlin ) reflected contemporary trends in art (such as Dadaism and Surrealism) and also reflected de Maré's own interest in primitive art (he had a notable collection). When the Ballets Suédois was disbanded in 1925 , he turned his attention to other projects, including the establishment of Les Archives Internationales de la Danse with Pierre Tugal in Paris in 1931 . He was also responsible for organizing several choreographic competitions. In 1950 , when the archive was closed, de Maré's large collection of books, magazines, and souvenir programmes...

Romania

Romania   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
284 words

...Romania Ballet in Romania dates back to the founding of the Lyrical Company at Bucharest National Theatre in 1877 and the establishment of its corps de ballet in 1898 . This company became state-supported in 1921 and under ballet master A. Romanowski presented stagings of the Ballets Russes and early Soviet repertories. After the Second World War many new state-subsidized schools and companies were established, with close links to the USSR, though some native Romanian choreographers also emerged, such as Vasily Marcu. The school in Bucharest produced...

Estonia

Estonia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
296 words

...of several studios in Tallin influenced by Duncan and Laban . It was repressed during the Soviet occupation but re-emerged during the 1990s with Dance Theatre Nordstar founded by Saima Kranig in 1991 ; Fine 5 founded in 1991 with choreographer René Nömmik, and the establishment of the contemporary dance base, Kanuti Gildi Saal in Tallin in 2002 . http://www.estballet.com Website for the Estonian...

Praetorius, Michael

Praetorius, Michael (15 February 1571)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
929 words

...in Regensburg; here began his friendship with pastor Christoph Donaverus , to whom ten of Praetorius's later works are dedicated. Late in 1602 he had returned to Wolfenbüttel. Although he continued as organist, his principal duty then was to direct the duke's musical establishment, the Hofkapelle. The contract that installed Praetorius officially as Herzoglich Braunschweigischer Kapellmeister was signed on 7 December 1604 . His increased salary allowed for the expansion of his household: on 5 September 1603 he had married Anna Lakemaker, with whom he...

Lee Mae-bang

Lee Mae-bang (5 May 1927)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
464 words

...his first dance creation, Sword of the Spirit . In 1978 he performed with a folk music and dance troupe at the International Folk Arts Festival in Rennes, France, and the following year gave a presentation at a dance festival commemorating the tenth anniversary of the establishment of Korean Airlines. Lee won acclaim for his 1981 performance of the sungmu at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. In 1982 he performed the salp'uri (dance of exorcism) at the Festival of Great Korean Dancers in Seoul. He took part in the Performing Arts Festival of...

London

London   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
395 words

... Genée were the dominant dance personalities. The arrival of Russian-based companies at the beginning of the 20th century and regular seasons by Diaghilev 's Ballets Russes provided an important new stimulus to British ballet, and during the 1920s and 1930s London saw the establishment of seminal schools and companies by Rambert and de Valois , as well as the foundation of the Camargo Society and various short-lived companies like the Markova-Dolin company and Tudor's London Ballet . Between these, the first solid generation of English dancers and...

Welch, Garth

Welch, Garth (14 April 1936)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
564 words

...the Borovansky Ballet in 1952 and, apart from a period in 1958/59 when he danced in Britain with Western Theatre Ballet, he performed with Borovansky until the company folded in 1961 . He was promoted to principal in 1959 . While negotiations were proceeding for the establishment of the Australian Ballet, Welch danced in Europe with Le Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas, returning to Australia in 1962 to join the newly formed national company as its principal male dancer. Early in his career Welch established a luminous partnership with Marilyn...

Arpino, Gerald

Arpino, Gerald (14 January 1928)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
518 words

...however. The Joffrey Ballet lost its base as a resident company of the Music Center, and, as result of burdensome debt, was forced to curtail rehearsals and seasons in New York. In 1995 Arpino oversaw the dissolution of the Joffrey Ballet, which declared bankruptcy, and the establishment of the Joffrey Ballet of Chicago, a somewhat different, smaller troupe. See also Joffrey Ballet . Anawalt, Sasha . No Compromise: Gerald Arpino and Joffrey Ballet . Dance Magazine (May 1992): 40–47. Laine, Barry . Crowd Pleaser . Ballet News 7 (November 1985): 11–15....

Jones, Marilyn

Jones, Marilyn (17 February 1940)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
632 words

...a career as a teacher, and has been a frequent guest artist with the Australian Ballet, Sydney Dance Company, the Queensland Ballet, and the West Australian Ballet. In 1990 she founded the Australian Institute of Classical Dance, an organization whose major aim is the establishment of an Australian dance syllabus. Since 1995 she has been director of the National Theatre Ballet School in Melbourne. Her two sons, Stanton and Damian Welch , now dance with the Australian Ballet; Stanton is also establishing a career as a choreographer. Baum, Caroline . ...

Ogoun, Luboš

Ogoun, Luboš (18 February 1924)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
647 words

...Stravinsky 's The Rite of Spring , in 1964 . Ogoun's choreography went far beyond the classical vocabulary; it was full of new movement shapes, often inspired by acrobatics but always serving to express thought and content. The culmination of Ogoun's reforming work was the establishment of Ballet Prague, which together with choreographer Pavel Šmok and dance critic Vladimír Vašut he founded in 1964 . Ogoun was artistic director of the company until 1968 , and he toured with the ensemble on several trips abroad. The most important works from this period were...

De Vos, Audrey

De Vos, Audrey (24 January 1900)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
593 words

...the body in movement, thus relieving strain and preventing the building of unnecessary muscles. She always encouraged students with “difficult” proportions to use them to advantage. Although her unorthodox way of teaching was for a time regarded with suspicion by the dance “establishment,” de Vos attracted a wide range of students not only from the British Isles but also from the British Commonwealth countries, from Europe, and from the United States; many professionals found their way to her studio. In the early 1960s, de Vos was guest teacher at the Joffrey...

Mei Lanfang

Mei Lanfang (22 October 1894)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
617 words

...of his innovative ideas, such as repositioning the orchestra to backstage and simplifying traditional costume. When being filmed, he acquiesced to directors' suggestions, perceiving that the aesthetics of Chinese symbolism did not harmonize with film's realism. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949 , he wholeheartedly accepted changes in the content of old dramas, himself creating new and pertinent dialogue to suit the social ideals of the times while maintaining the traditional action. See also China , article on Classical...

Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev, Les

Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev, Les   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
648 words

...West. Its success in combining dance, music, and design to often radical effect and its electrifying roll call of dancers meant that its appearances in Europe before the First World War sparked an international ballet boom, while its dissolution two decades later prompted the establishment of schools and companies throughout Europe and N. America, many of them run by former Diaghilev dancers. Diaghilev had already brought Russian art, music and opera to the attention of Paris with considerable success and in 1909 returned to the French capital with a...

Israel

Israel   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
672 words

...own company in Jerusalem and staged classically based works with biblical themes. During the 1930s settlers from central Europe like Gertrud Kraus and Tilla Rossler established some modern dance activity via various studios and solo performances and vigorously opposed the establishment of classical dance as being out of sympathy with the country's character. The 1930s also saw the origins of a folk dance movement, by Rivka Sturman , Gurit Kadman , and others, who drew on Arab and Druze steps as well as their own choreographic invention to create dances...

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