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Africa–United States Relations

Africa–United States Relations   Reference library

J. Peter Pham

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,961 words

...studied at one point by a NATO committee during the waning days of the Eisenhower administration. In the end, America backed Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, a military man who seized power in 1965 with clandestine US support. While Mobutu’s rule was increasingly characterized by kleptocracy and an extravagant cult of personality, Washington policymakers nonetheless counted upon him to not only keep the Soviet influence at bay in his own country, but also to aid groups fighting Marxist regimes elsewhere on the continent. For its part, after an initial foray into...

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Congo, Democratic Republic of the   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,258 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Wemba, and Abeti Masiniki, and bands such as O.K. Jazz, and Docteur Nico et l’Orchestre African Fiesta. Mobutu also acted as a patron to some of the Zairean musicians and sometimes invited them to play at his palaces. By the early 1980s Mobutu’s government was notorious as a kleptocracy in which public funds were used for private gain, especially for the private gain of the president himself, who diverted vast sums of revenue into his personal bank accounts. Meanwhile, the Zairean economy and infrastructure deteriorated. Mobutu managed to maintain his...

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