You are looking at 1-15 of 15 entries  for:

  • All : "millennium declaration" 1990 mortality x
clear all

View:

Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Nations Site for the MDG Indicators, available at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mdg/Host.aspx?Content=Indicators/OfficialList.htm , accessed on 21 May 2011. ——. 2011b. ‘The Millennium Declaration’, Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly [without reference to a Main Committee (A/55/L.2) ] 55/2, United Nations Millennium Declaration, available at http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm , accessed on 21 May 2011. UNICEF. 2011. The State of the World’s Children 2011 , New York, United Nations Children’s Fund....

Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals (Measurements, Indicators, and Research Methods for Sustainability)   Reference library

Rebeca GRYNSPAN and Luis F. LOPEZ-CALVA

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,156 words

...achieve sustainable development. As a result of those efforts, 189 countries adopted the Millennium Declaration. Through that declaration they committed themselves to alleviate extreme poverty and to tackle several deprivations, setting eight broad, quantifiable objectives encompassed in the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ), outlined in the next section, “MDGs and Their Targets.” This coordinated political effort came about as a result of key debates during the 1990s, and it is founded on the notion that development objectives should be constructed on...

Women and Development

Women and Development   Reference library

Velma Garcia-Gorena

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,468 words

...to block agreements on birth control and abortion. In addition to the conferences, the UN produced the Millennium Declaration, which was announced at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 . The document outlined the goals for the UN for the ensuing decade. These goals included reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty, eliminating gender differences in education at the primary and secondary school levels, reducing maternal mortality rates, providing reproductive services to all women, and encouraging governments to pursue environmental...

Development

Development   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,234 words

...these goals provided the foundation for the Millennium Declaration. Based on the Declaration, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were soon constructed. These have now become the development desiderata for the twenty-first century. Specifically, the MDGs aspire to halve the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day by 2015 , to achieve universal primary education, to eliminate gender disparities in educational enrollment, to reduce the under-5 mortality ratio by two-thirds, to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters, to halt the...

Social Development

Social Development   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...basically requires a multifaceted approach that should be socially, culturally, and environmentally sustainable. The UN also advanced another lofty set of goals in 2005 , known as the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals ( MDG's ) that addressed social concerns like poverty and hunger, infant and child mortality, health, and literacy. The MDG goals were mandated to be attained by member countries by 2015. This statist initiative also met with failure due to centralized bureaucratic red tape, increased corruption,...

Water

Water (The Future of Sustainability)   Reference library

Sara G. BEAVIS

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
6,553 words

...Miguel , & Jouravlev, Andrei . (2006, June). Water governance for development and sustainability. Santiago, Chile: United Nations, CEPAL. United Nations (UN). (2000). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly 55/2 United Nations Millennium Declaration. Retrieved August 1, 2012, from http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm/ United Nations (UN). (2003). Water for people, water for life (World water development report). New York: UN. United Nations (UN). (2010). Millennium Development Goals report. Retrieved July 19, 2012, from http://www.un...

Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals   Reference library

David Hulme

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
4,827 words

...human development, and, in the early twentieth century, to “good governance” and democracy. In the 1990s, the reconfigured international political economy following the end of the Cold War and the unleashing of economic globalization set in motion a set of processes that produced an official global consensus on “what” development was and committed all the nations of the world to pursuing development. Building on the United Nation's Millennium Declaration of 2000, a set of UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was agreed in 2001 (see Table 1 for a list...

Women and Development

Women and Development   Reference library

Velma Garcia-Gorena

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,468 words

...to block agreements on birth control and abortion. In addition to the conferences, the UN produced the Millennium Declaration, which was announced at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 . The document outlined the goals for the UN for the ensuing decade. These goals included reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty, eliminating gender differences in education at the primary and secondary school levels, reducing maternal mortality rates, providing reproductive services to all women, and encouraging governments to pursue environmental...

The Millennium Development Goals and the Politics of Global Poverty

The Millennium Development Goals and the Politics of Global Poverty   Reference library

Paul Nelson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
8,359 words
Illustration(s):
1

... The MDGs and Development Building on social policy goals articulated in the 1980s and 1990s, the MDGs are written and institutionalized to mobilize support from the donor countries and their citizens, to accomplish concrete and important tasks. The goals, summarized in Figure 1 , are monitored by many UN and other donor agencies, and focus largely on the symptoms of underdevelopment: Goals 2 (education), 4 (child mortality), 5 (maternal mortality) and 6 (access to safe drinking water) all propose to extend coverage of minimum social services, a...

Measuring Global Poverty

Measuring Global Poverty   Reference library

Shatakshee Dhongde

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,559 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the United Nations and the World Bank have invested heavily in measuring global poverty since the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals ( MDG ) by the world community. These goals are stated in the United Nations’ Millennium Declaration which was adopted in 2000 by 189 nations. The first of the eight goals is to halve between 1990 and 2015 the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day. International donor organizations across the world are investing large amounts of money to help developing countries meet this target, and...

Development/Poverty Issues and Foreign Policy Analysis

Development/Poverty Issues and Foreign Policy Analysis   Reference library

Steven W. Hook and Franklin Barr Lebo

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,832 words

...extreme poverty by one half by 2015 , achieve universal primary education and gender equity, reduce by two-thirds the rates of child and maternal mortality, reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, and form a “global partnership” for development (see World Bank 2005 for a progress report on achieving these goals). The UN’s Millennium Declaration ( 2000 ), while stressing the need for developing countries to assume responsibility for their development policies, called on affluent states to “grant...

Food Insecurity

Food Insecurity   Reference library

Christopher B. Barrett and Erin C. Lentz

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,615 words
Illustration(s):
4

...relation between extreme poverty and severe undernourishment. Indeed, the two are directly coupled in the first Millennium Development Goal – to halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty and hunger by 2015 – agreed by 189 countries in the UN’s 2000 Millennium Declaration. Food insecurity remains widespread today in large measure because extreme poverty remains widespread, and vice versa. Most food insecurity is chronic. FAO ( 2006 ) reports that only 8 percent of hunger-related deaths worldwide in 2004 were caused by humanitarian emergencies...

Foreign Aid

Foreign Aid   Reference library

David Arase

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,900 words

...Treasury Department pressure to revise the World Development Report , Kanbur resigned ( Wade 2002 ). The whole episode raised further doubts about the Washington consensus. The new aid agenda was carried forward by the UN General Assembly in 2000 when it issued the Millennium Declaration. This instituted a results oriented plan for development aid encapsulated in the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ), which had previously been endorsed by the DAC and the World Bank. The plan conceives of development as something more than income per capita, and uses...

The Development Paradigm and Its Critics

The Development Paradigm and Its Critics   Reference library

James H. Mittelman

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,777 words

...remain largely unmet and that member countries lack the political will to tackle global poverty. Without a way to summon this will, pious proclamations about poverty reduction merely express wishful thinking. A centerpiece of the dominant paradigm is the United Nations Millennium Declaration. After the leaders of 189 countries endorsed it in 2000 , international summits hammered out the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ). These are incorporated in the World Bank’s war on poverty, glimmerings of which had first appeared during the tenure of its president...

United Nations

United Nations   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
15,695 words

...negotiation among individuals, groups and nations” (UN Resolution A/RES/52/13). The emerging peacebuilding agenda of the UN System is also reflected in the Millennium Declaration of the General Assembly in 2000 , which called for eight Millennium Development Goals: • Eradicate extreme poverty; • Achieve universal primary education; • Promote gender equality and empower women; • Reduce child mortality; • Improve maternal health; • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; • Ensure environmental sustainability; and • Develop a global partnership for...

View: