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a fortiori

Subject: Philosophy

(Latin, from the stronger)

Phrase used for ‘all the more’ or ‘even more so’: if all donkeys bray, then a fortiori all young donkeys bray.

A fortiori

A fortiori adv.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
94 words

... fortiori a fōrtēō´rē . ā- or a fōršō´rī . adv. “From the stronger.” Even more so; by the same logic, to an even greater degree. E.g. , “The fact that in this particular case the Parties could not even agree upon the applicable legal rules shows that a fortiori they could not agree on any particular [maritime delimitation] line which might follow from the application of appropriate rules.” Barbados v. Republic of Trinidad & Tobago , Permanent Ct. of Arb., Award of Apr. 11, 2006 , ¶ 198, 45 I.L.M. 800, 833 ( 2006 ). Compare with A multo fortiori...

A multo fortiori

A multo fortiori adv.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
39 words

... multo fortiori a mūl´tō fōrtēō´rē . ā- or a mɜl´tō fōršō´rī . adv. “From the much stronger.” Even more so to a much greater degree; by the same reasoning leading to a much more compelling argument. Compare with A fortiori...

human shields

human shields   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
77 words

...an international armed conflict is expressly prohibited by art. 51(7) of Protocol I to the 1949 Geneva Conventions relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts of 8 June 1977 ( 1125 U.N.T.S. 3 ) and semble by customary international law; and a fortiori prohibited in respect of placement of foreign civilians or prisoners of war under...

A minore ad maius

A minore ad maius   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
207 words

...as a diploma as defined in the directive on higher-education diplomas, this would have to apply a minore ad maius in the case of the profession of director of voluntary sales of chattels by public auction since the education and training for this profession requires, in addition to a post-secondary training period, not only one but two university qualifications (education in law and history or archaeology or art) and consequently this education and training would a fortiori have to constitute a diploma….” Price v. Conseil des Ventes Volontaires de...

A maiore ad minus

A maiore ad minus   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
177 words

...of the CEOS prohibits that authority from restricting its power to terminate contracts, in the interests of the staff, by means of contractual provisions.” Karatzoglou v. European Agency for Reconstruction , E.C.J. Case No. T-471/04, Celex No. 604A0471, ¶ 42. See Argumentum a maiore ad minus . See also A fortiori...

In eo quod plus sit semper inest et minus

In eo quod plus sit semper inest et minus   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
182 words

...semper inest et minus ,’ they contend that if the second subparagraph of Article 1 (1) permits the application of the Regulation to be excluded for a complete category of transport (namely, urban, suburban and regional services), it must, a fortiori , permit a limited part of those services to be excluded.” Opinion of Advocate General Leger, Altmark Trans GmbH v. Nahverkehrsgesellschaft Altmark GmbH , [ 2003 ] E.C.R. I-7747, ¶ 39. Alternative formulations are In maiori stat minus , In toto et pars continetur , Maior continet (in se) minus , and Omne...

Eastern Greenland, Legal Status of, Case

Eastern Greenland, Legal Status of, Case   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
302 words

... held (12 to 2) that it was ‘beyond all dispute that a reply of this nature given by the Minister of Foreign Affairs on behalf of his Government in response to a request by the diplomatic representative of a foreign Power, in regard to a question falling within his province, is binding upon the country to which the Minister belongs’, and in consequence that Norway was ‘under an obligation to refrain from contesting Danish sovereignty over Greenland as a whole and, a fortiori to refrain from occupying a part of Greenland’: at 71 and 73. The Court also...

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