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ancient philosophy, impact of

ancient philosophy, impact of   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,191 words

...elsewhere (chap. 5, sect. 1) urges the absurdity of supposing that random collocations of atoms could generate an ordered world. Closer engagement with ancient atomism is discernible in the writings of Walter Charleton , a follower of Gassendi . His The Darkness of Atheism Dispelled by the Light of Nature ( 1652 ) and Physiologia Epicuro-Gassendo-Charletoniana ( 1654 ), which pursue Gassendi's project of reconciling Epicureanism with Christianity, show close dependence on the latter's commentary on Diogenes Laertius X, a fundamental text for the...

Royce, Josiah

Royce, Josiah (1855–1916)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,134 words

...Kantian philosophy. He was never a serious follower of Hegel, nor himself a Hegelian philosopher, although a persistent misunderstanding of his thought under this label emerged early and has endured in spite of Royce’s own efforts and the efforts of subsequent interpreters to dispel it. Among Royce’s important accomplishments of his last years in California was the development of his temporalist philosophy. He began the construction of his philosophical system by means of a critique of ontology, by which he meant the study of the form(s) of independent...

Environmental Knowledge, Traditional

Environmental Knowledge, Traditional   Reference library

Kamala Platt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
5,812 words

...and Latino communities face an inordinate number of environmental justice concerns and other effects of environmental racism, the environmental justice movement’s response to these concerns in the last decade of the twentieth century offers primary, contemporary evidence to dispel the myths that their cultures put little value on their natural environment. Environmental Justice In the 1980s, research and activism from scholars and community workers of color identified “environmental racism” as a phenomenon impacting Latino and Latina as well as African...

Troyes

Troyes   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
4,094 words
Illustration(s):
3

...are modest and stable and a three-storey elevation of arcade, glazed triforium, and a lofty clerestory linked to the triforium by continuous mullions. The interior lighting is unified by the deeply coloured glass of the clerestory, but this superficial impression of unity is dispelled on closer inspection, which reveals a sequence of building campaigns extending over three and a half centuries. This prolonged construction reflects inadequate funding, multiple structural disasters, and the depopulation and distress of the Hundred Years War ( 1337–1453 ) and...

Globalization and Peace Issues

Globalization and Peace Issues   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
4,208 words

...and enforce the rules of integration and competition. As the dominant power in the world, U.S. hegemony took the form of a curious blend of liberal optimism and realist pessimism, a Pax Americana that has invited the very counterbalancing tendencies the realists most seek to dispel. The system of global governance in general, not only the realm of economics, is torn between the demands of hegemonic power and democratic legitimacy. On one hand, power differentials are structured into international institutions by means of weighted voting systems and...

Plantagenet, House of

Plantagenet, House of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...was limited almost entirely to maintaining fortifications, including the Tower of London and the fortifications of Newcastle. The exception, the completion of St Stephen’s Chapel, Palace of Westminster (partly destr.; see London , IV, 3(i)(a) ), was probably intended to dispel the taint of usurpation and to distance the King from the rebellious parties, as was the remodelling ( c. 1331–6 ) of the south transept and choir of St Peter’s Abbey, Gloucester (now the cathedral), to promote a cult of Edward II , although there is no documentary evidence of...

Universal Jurisdiction

Universal Jurisdiction   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
5,926 words

...could, in fact, be extradited. Despite this ruling, and presumably because of his failing health, Pinochet was allowed to return to Chile. Although he was never ultimately extradited, the House of Lords decision reaffirmed the principle of universal jurisdiction and, moreover, dispelled the notion that government officials and heads of state were immune from liability for certain crimes they commit during their tenure. The Pinochet case expanded the reach of universal jurisdiction to include acts committed by sovereign officials. Around the same time as the...

Rock Music

Rock Music   Reference library

Jeffrey F. Keuss

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
5,642 words

...forever through the gift of Ronald Reagan’s revisioning of America that transported Greenwood far beyond the ranks of stardom to a niche in America’s pop culture that seems forever reserved for him and him alone. If any doubt existed about Greenwood’s imprint on America, it was dispelled in 2003 when, on the 20-year anniversary of its release, “God Bless the USA” was voted the most recognizable patriotic song in the nation. The song that Lee Greenwood wrote bested all the other contestants, including “God Bless America” and “The Star-Spangled Banner,” as a...

Malachi

Malachi   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,529 words

...issued a stern wake-up call about God's imminent advent. God's covenant would triumph suddenly, despite all skepticism ( Mal 2:17 ). Literary History. There is little reason to think of literary sources or substantial editorial supplementation behind Malachi. A quick look dispels suspicions that a text such as Malachi 3:16—4:3 is a “sectarian” accretion. The text's division of Israel into factions fits with the book's championing of the Levites over against other camps. The slating of a God-fearing remnant for mercy in a “book of remembrance” ( Mal ...

Esther and Additions to Esther

Esther and Additions to Esther   Reference library

Mary Joan Winn Leith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,011 words
Illustration(s):
2

...so enrages Haman ( Esth 3:5 ). The Additions afforded their authors the opportunity to express their own particular theological views. The Purim sections seem to have presented no problems and escaped adjustment. However, the names “Lord” or “God” appear more than fifty times, dispelling any doubts about divine participation in the Esther story. Mordecai's dream of warring dragons and a mighty river of Additions A and F introduces into Esther apocalyptic special effects akin to those in Daniel; they function similarly, emphasizing God's providential care for...

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