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Media

Media   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
8,050 words

...forces, the Taliban began to use sophisticated messages to convince Afghan citizens that it still held power. Using Web sites, magazines, audiocassettes, DVDs, pamphlets, and other nontraditional media such as mobile phones, Taliban leaders circulated nationalist messages to dispel any potential belief on the part of the public that the newly installed government would endure. The Nazis famously used propaganda to seize and maintain power in Germany prior to and during World War II. Through leaflets, films, magazine articles, speeches, art, and even...

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
7,975 words

...this crisis would avert a return to fighting by the LTTE, and that the coordination between the government and LTTE necessary to deliver humanitarian aid in the north and east might act as a confidence-building measure, drawing the LTTE back into formal peace discussions and dispelling historical enmity. The tsunami's aftermath, however, became a failed opportunity because of the mistrust among communities throughout the nation. The proposed coordination mechanism, the Post-Tsunami Operational Management Structure (P-TOMS), for humanitarian aid delivery in...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Richard I. Pervo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,583 words

...set in the context of a royal wedding ( cf. Matt 22:1–14 ), that portrays the marriage of Christ and the church. This poem invites the thoughtful, biblically literate reader to engage the text on a symbolic level of rich intertextual associations. The stirring adventures do not dispel a dreamy quality from the narrative. Chapters 108–113 contain another hymn. On the surface this is a fine fairy tale. Its deeper level presents the theology of the book in poetic form. Textual evidence indicates that, although it arose in a kindred theological milieu, this...

Law

Law   Reference library

Dale Patrick and William Loader

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
7,976 words

...at worst depicting Judaism as a religion about earning merit by meticulous Law observance, into which Jesus and his movement brought forgiving grace. Since the 1970s, greater exposure to Jewish literature through pseudepigraphic writings and the Dead Sea Scrolls has been dispelling such notions and drawn greater attention to the Jewishness of Jesus and his movement and to revised understandings of their attitudes toward the Law ( Sanders, 1977 , 1985 ). Key aspects in the revised understanding are recognition (1) that Judaism of the period was diverse;...

Popular Religion

Popular Religion   Reference library

Benjamin B. DeVan, Dale F. Eickelman, Abbas Jaffer, Bianca J. Smith, Charles C. Stewart, and Zahraa McDonald

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
8,884 words

... ( 1991 ), The Stoning of Soraya M ( 2008 ), and the 9 August 2010, cover of Time magazine picture women victims of Muslim men. More lightheartedly, the reality TV series All American Muslim ( 2011 ) and the Canadian drama Little Mosque on the Prairie ( 2007–2012 ) try to dispel stereotypes by focusing on Muslims’ daily lives. Legendary Persian Princess Scheherazade in One Thousand and One (Arabian) Nights is a daring empowering classical figure who spins narrative intrigue to win her life and love from a would-be executioner. “Nadia,” a recurring...

Women and Islam

Women and Islam   Reference library

Soraya Altorki, Zayn Kassam, and Valerie J. Hoffman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
8,331 words

...cults as un-Islamic. The hue of illegitimacy has been cast over the very aspects of Islamic religious life that have traditionally been most open to women. In The Emancipation of Women (1899), the Egyptian judge Qāsim Amīn (d. 1908) urged that women be educated in order to dispel the myths and superstitions they supposedly perpetuate among the young, and the Syrian-born writer Rashīd Riḍā (d. 1935) urged in his journal, Al-Manār , that women be integrated into orthodox religious life, as they were in the days of the Prophet. Throughout the twentieth...

India from Indira Gandhi's Emergency

India from Indira Gandhi's Emergency   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
9,017 words

...on false charges. Senior police officials frequently threaten to wipe out activists, and sometimes, these threats are carried out. In large measure, it was concern with international opinion that led India to establish the NHRC in September 1993 . The government was keen to dispel the notion that it was not serious about human rights abuse and wanted to project a positive image at the United Nations ( UN ) and other international forums. The aims and functions of the commission are quite extensive: it can virtually investigate any case of rights...

South American Southern Cone

South American Southern Cone   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
9,897 words

...and that perseverance would bear fruit, and the regime brought the full weight of the state's repressive apparatus to crush opposition to its policies. By the same token, however, the military's freedom from societal pressures and exclusionary policy making made it difficult to dispel the link between government policies and the worsening economic crisis. In March and April 1980 several of the country's most important banks collapsed as indebted industries could not repay their loans, unleashing panic and depositor withdrawals. After four years of solid...

Hinduism

Hinduism   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
14,071 words

...an illusory power that ultimately defies definition, that one believes oneself – or the universe – is different from Brahman. When this maya is cut through, the soul is liberated through the realization of its true nature. Liberation, therefore, is removal of ignorance and a dispelling of illusion through the power of transforming knowledge. Shankara's philosophy, therefore denies ultimate ontological reality to nature and to this universe, but postulates that for people caught in the cycle of life and death, it is real. While the “oneness” doctrine and its...

Religion, Roman

Religion, Roman   Reference library

Karl Galinsky, Richard L. Gordon, and Eric Orlin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
12,938 words

...apse were decorated with reliefs illustrating scenes from the lives of the city’s patron gods, Hercules/Melquart and Dionysus/Shadrap/Liber Pater. This is one example of many of the fusion and diffusion of cults and divinities. Here, archaeology has been particularly helpful in dispelling the stereotyped notion of “Oriental” cults. The cosmologies of cults such as that of Magna Mater, Jupiter Dolichenus, and Mithras remain speculative. Archaeological finds, including cult imagery, open up varied possibilities but do not provide conclusive answers; for Isis,...

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