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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,296 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and the state. Vladimir Ilich Lenin saw revolution as inevitable, although it had to be mediated through a vanguard. A product of the capitalist world system, the socialist revolution would also be global. Joseph Stalin developed the idea of socialism in one country and dispelled the emphasis on world revolution within the Communist International or Comintern (founded in 1919 ). In 1934 the Popular Fronts implied national alliances against fascism, lessening the emphasis on revolution and proletarian leadership. The Chinese Communist Mao Zedong ...

Guerrillas and Guerrilla Movements

Guerrillas and Guerrilla Movements   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
6,671 words
Illustration(s):
1

...traditional empires of Eurasia, of which the Ottomans were an example. The fortunes of the revolutionary guerrilla improved in the twentieth century. The world wars deprived Europeans of the material strength required to retain their place at the center of the world system and dispelled the aura of efficiency and imperviousness that had surrounded colonial regimes. These effects were amplified by the spread of communism as a global ideology. It provided guerrilla movements with a superior set of organizing tools and held out the prospect of direct assistance...

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