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Jean-Antoine Watteau

(1684—1721) French painter, of Flemish descent

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Adolphe Monticelli

Adolphe Monticelli  

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(b Marseilles, 14 Oct. 1824; d Marseilles, 29 June 1886).French painter, active in his native Marseilles and in Paris. He was a pupil of Paul Delaroche, but he learned more from his studies of Old ...
Anita Brookner

Anita Brookner  

(1928– ),novelist and art historian, educated at King's College, London, and at the Courtauld Institute of Art. She was Slade Professor of Art at Cambridge from 1967 to 1968. Her first work of ...
Berlin, Gemäldegalerie

Berlin, Gemäldegalerie  

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The outstanding collection of old master paintings in Berlin has been finally brought together in one permanent building, the fourth in the history of the collection, and opened in the ...
Boston, Museum of fine arts

Boston, Museum of fine arts  

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Founded by a group of civic-minded patrons in 1870. At that time the collection was a very modest one of a few old masters from the Boston Athenaeum and prints ...
chalk

chalk  

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Drawing material made from various soft stones or earths (or lately from synthetic equivalents). There are three main types of natural chalk: black chalk (made from stones such as carbonaceous ...
Charles de La Fosse

Charles de La Fosse  

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(b Paris, 15 June 1636; d Paris, 13 Dec. 1716).French painter, one of the pre-eminent decorative artists of Louis XIV’s reign. He was a pupil of Le Brun and ...
Charles-Nicolas Cochin

Charles-Nicolas Cochin  

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(1715–90).French designer and engraver of vignettes, frontispieces, and decorations for books. Among many other works he designed the frontispiece for Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie and was ...
chinoiserie

chinoiserie  

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The imitation or evocation of Chinese motifs and techniques in Western art, furniture, and architecture, especially in the 18th century.
Claude Gillot

Claude Gillot  

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(b Langres, 28 April 1673; d Paris, 4 May 1722).French draughtsman, printmaker and painter. Gillot's decorative designs, which feature imaginative combinations of architecture, arabesques, scroll- ...
Claude III Audran

Claude III Audran  

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(b Lyons, 25 Aug. 1658; d Paris, 28 May 1734).The best-known member of a family of French painters and decorators. He was one of the leading decorative painters of the time, his output including such ...
Comte de Caylus

Comte de Caylus  

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(b Paris, 31 Oct. 1692; d Paris, 5 Sept. 1765).French antiquarian, collector, patron, writer, and amateur printmaker. Caylus came from a wealthy aristocratic family and at an early age ...
conversation piece

conversation piece  

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A portrait showing two or more full-length figures engaged in conversation or other polite social activity, generally in a domestic or landscape setting. Conversation pieces are usually, though not ...
counterproof

counterproof  

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A reproduction made from a drawing or print by pressing it when damp against a blank sheet of paper; the image is therefore reversed left to right and is also fainter than the original. Counterproofs ...
Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland

Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland  

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The National Gallery opened in 1859 in a Neoclassical building designed by William Playfair (1790–1857) which was shared with the Royal Scottish Academy (RSA) until 1912; the foundation stone had ...
Edmond de Goncourt

Edmond de Goncourt  

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Literature
(b Nancy, 26 May 1822; d Champrosay, 16 July 1896) and(b Paris, 17 Dec. 1830; d Paris, 20 June 1870).French writers, brothers, who worked in close collaboration. They wrote on various artistic ...
etching

etching  

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A printmaking method in which the design is bitten into the plate with acid; the term is also applied to the print so produced. The design is drawn with a steel etching needle on a metal (usually ...
fête champêtre

fête champêtre  

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(Fr.: ‘outdoor feast’).Type of painting in which figures are shown in an idealized outdoor setting, usually eating, dancing, flirting, or listening to music, and typically evoking a mood of reverie. ...
François Boucher

François Boucher  

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(b Paris, 29 Sept. 1703; d Paris, 30 May 1770).French Rococo painter, draughtsman, etcher, and designer, whose work best represents the frivolity and elegant superficiality of French court life in ...
Giorgione

Giorgione  

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(b Castelfranco [now Castelfranco Veneto], c.1477; d Venice, Oct. 1510).Venetian painter. Almost nothing is known of his life and only a handful of paintings can be confidently attributed to ...
Goncourt brothers

Goncourt brothers  

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French men of letters, aesthetes, art collectors, and historians. Edmond (1822–96) and Jules (1830–70) de Goncourt began their literary career, which remained a close collaboration until the death ...

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