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villein

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chevage

chevage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A payment made to a lord by a villein who wished to move from one manor to another.
Demosiarios

Demosiarios  

(δημοσιάριος, from demosion, “state treasury”), a fiscal category of peasants whose nature is unclear. Demosiarioi appear in only a handful of documents from the mid-10th through the mid-11th C.; in ...
Domesday Book

Domesday Book  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A survey of property in England conducted in 1086. Conceived by William I, but probably to some extent based on pre-Conquest administrative records, it was the most comprehensive assessment of ...
feudalism

feudalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
[De]A strictly hierarchical political and economic system in which land is granted in return for military or labour services.
leyerwite

leyerwite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A fine payable by a medieval villein to the lord of the manor upon the villein's unmarried daughter becoming pregnant.
manor

manor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
[MC]The basic social, political, and economic unit of the manorial system, found in parts of northern Europe, Britain especially, from the 9th century ad. At its heart was a self‐sufficient landed ...
merchet

merchet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A payment from a villein to his lord of the manor upon the marriage of the villein's son or daughter. By some manorial customs the payment was made only if the marriage was to someone outside the ...
ordeal

ordeal  

An ancient test of guilt or innocence, especially among Germanic peoples, by subjection of the accused to severe pain, survival of which was taken as divine proof of innocence. In Anglo-Saxon and ...
Peasants' Revolt

Peasants' Revolt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An uprising in 1381 among the peasant and artisan classes in England, particularly in Kent and Essex. The rebels marched on London, occupying the city and executing unpopular ministers, but after the ...
reeve

reeve  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A local official in Anglo-Saxon and post-Conquest England. The most important were shire reeves (sheriffs) who administered royal justice and collected royal revenues within their shire. Manorial ...
serfdom

serfdom  

A form of personal dependency in rural society that stood between freedom and slavery. It was a social and legal practice affecting a varying number of arrangements by landlords to ...
tallage

tallage  

A tax in medieval Europe that was generally imposed by an estate owner upon his unfree tenantry and its amount and frequency varied. In England it was a royal tax from the 12th century onward, levied ...
villain

villain  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The principal evil character in a play or story. The villain is usually the antagonist opposed to the hero (and/or heroine), but in some cases he may be the protagonist, as in Shakespeare's Richard ...
Villein

Villein   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
196 words

(Lat. villanus), the term for a dependent peasant used in the territories of Byz. conquered by the Latins. The

villein

villein   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
53 words

An unfree tenant of manorial land under the feudal system. A villein held his land by agricultural services, by working

villein

villein   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

in medieval England, a feudal tenant entirely subject to a lord or manor to whom he paid dues and services

Villeinage

Villeinage   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
2,185 words

In medieval English law, the term “villeinage” had two distinct, if not entirely unrelated, meanings. On the one hand, it

villeins

villeins   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
53 words

An unfree tenant of manorial land under the feudal system. A villein held his land by agricultural services, by

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