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American Colonial Empire

American Colonial Empire  

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Overview Page
At the Cold War's height, the historian Bernard De Voto proposed that “one of the facts which define the United States is that its national and its imperial boundaries are ...
arms transfer

arms transfer  

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The transfer of weapons, ammunition, and other military goods from one entity to another (usually between governments), either with or without payment or other reimbursement.
Chaim Weizmann

Chaim Weizmann  

(b. 27 Nov. 1874, d. 9 Nov. 1952).President of Israel 1948–52 Born in Motol in Russian Poland, he received a doctorate degree at the University of Freiburg, and from 1904 lectured at the University ...
Clark McAdams Clifford

Clark McAdams Clifford  

(b. Fort Scott, Kansas, 25 Dec. 1906; d. Bethesda, Maryland, 10 October 1998)US; Special Counsel to the President 1946–50, Secretary for Defense 1968–9 A St Louis lawyer, Clifford became assistant to ...
Cold War

Cold War  

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History
The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain was allied to ...
containment

containment  

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First articulated by President Truman in 1947, containment involved maintaining the US military presence around the world, as well as supporting ‘friendly’ regimes economically and militarily. It was ...
Dean Acheson

Dean Acheson  

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History
(1893–1971)US politician. He served as Assistant Secretary of State, Under‐Secretary, and Secretary of State (1949–53), urging international control of nuclear power in the Acheson–Lilienthal Report ...
Eisenhower Doctrine

Eisenhower Doctrine  

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History
A statement of US foreign policy issued by President Eisenhower after the Suez War and approved by Congress in 1957. It proposed to offer economic aid and military advice to governments in the Middle ...
ELAS

ELAS  

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History
A communist-dominated guerrilla army in Greece. The initials stand for the Greek words meaning National People's Liberation Army. It was created during World War II by the communist-controlled ...
Forrest Sherman

Forrest Sherman  

(1896–1951), naval officer.One of the most intellectually gifted and effective military leaders of his generation, Sherman spent most of his career in naval aviation. After participating in the ...
George F. Kennan

George F. Kennan  

(1904–2005) diplomat, historian, and foreign policy critic, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Kennan was the chief architect of America's Cold War strategy of containment. As director of the policy ...
Greece

Greece  

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Greece has seen considerable benefits from EU membership but has now fallen deep into debtMost of Greece is mountainous. The mainland is dominated by the rugged Pindus Mountains, which extend from ...
Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman  

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History
(1884–1972)US Democratic statesman, 33rd President of the USA (1945–53). As Vice‐President, he automatically took office on Franklin Roosevelt's death in 1945. One of his first actions was to ...
isolationism

isolationism  

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History
An approach to US foreign policy that advocates non-participation in alliances or in the affairs of other nations. It derives its spirit from George Washington's proclamation of neutrality in 1793, ...
James Alward Van Fleet

James Alward Van Fleet  

(1892–1992) Born in Coytesville, New Jersey, James A. Van Fleet graduated with the renowned West Point class of 1915. He joined the infantry branch and saw action in World War ...
James Francis Byrnes

James Francis Byrnes  

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(b. 2 May 1882, d. 24 Jan. 1972).US Secretary of State 1945–7 From a modest background in Charleston, South Carolina, he trained as a lawyer and built up a practice to become a public prosecutor in ...
Japan-U.S. Relations

Japan-U.S. Relations  

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Historically, Japan-U.S. relations have followed a regular fifty-year cycle, alternating between cooperative and antagonistic phases. The first antagonistic phase occurred when U.S. foreign policy ...
Jeannette Rankin

Jeannette Rankin  

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History
(1880–1973), pacifist, suffragist, and congresswoman.After successfully leading the suffragist movement in Montana, Jeannette Rankin became the first woman elected to Congress. A progressive ...
John Foster Dulles

John Foster Dulles  

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History
(1888–1959)US Republican statesman and international lawyer. He was adviser to the US delegation at the conference which set up the United Nations in 1945 and negotiated the Peace Treaty with Japan ...
Marshall Plan

Marshall Plan  

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A programme of financial aid and other initiatives, sponsored by the US, designed to boost the economies of western European countries after the Second World War. It was originally advocated by ...

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